Definitions for "Baselines"
The baseline is the emission of greenhouse gases that would occur without the intended project activity or policy intervention. It therefore represents the emissions associated with a business-as-usual scenario. The additional emission reductions that a project contributes can only be determined once the baseline has been assessed. Various approaches can be taken to determine the baseline, but the approach must be justified as part of the project validation process.
Reference levels against which the project is monitored and controlled.
The lines of intersection of the planes of a flock when projected from V = (0,0,0,1) into the carrier plane (W = 0) are called baselines. We distinguish two types of baselines: Primary baseline: A baseline which is the intersection of a plane of the flock with the carrier plane (assumed to be in the flock as well). Secondary baseline: A non-primary baseline, the projection of a line of intersection which does not lie in the carrier plane.
Baselines are created from repetitive (active measures are most efficient for this) measurements and define a "normal" operational envelope. Alarms that are activated when activity differs from baselines give a proactive capability for management.
The level of funding approved for any given spending area (e.g., Education). All amounts within baselines are included in the forecasts.