the most common type of cerebral palsy among preemies, it is characterized by stiff ("spastic") muscle tone, affecting mainly the legs and feet ("diplegia").
Cerebral Palsy is classified according to the number of limbs involved. One side of the brain controls the opposite side of the body so that when one side of the brain is damaged the effects are seen on the other side of the body. Medical practitioners classify spastic cerebral palsy as follows: Spastic Quadriplegia - all 4 of the limbs are involved Spastic Diplegia - all 4 limbs are involved though the legs are usually affected more than the arms Spastic Hemiplegia - one side of the body is affected, usually the arm more than the leg Spastic Triplegia - 3 limbs are involved, usually one leg and both arms Spastic Monoplegia - 1 limb is affected, usually an arm
(or diparesis) - a form of cerebral palsy in which spasticity affects both legs, but the arms are relatively or completely spared.
A form of spastic cerebral palsy that affects muscle control in both of the arms or legs.
The CP affects the legs, more than the arms and hands.
A form of cerebral palsy in which both arms and both legs are affected, the legs being more severely affected.
B A form of spastic cerebral palsy that affects muscle control in either arms or legs.
A form of paralysis or palsy in which the legs are primarily affected.
Spastic diplegia refers to a type of cerebral palsy that is a neuromuscular condition of hypertonia and spasticity in the muscles of the lower extremities, usually those of the legs, hips and pelvis. It results from brain damage at birth that prevents proper development of the pyramidal tract, meaning that certain nerve receptors in the spine are in turn unable to properly absorb the gamma amino butyric acid which would otherwise properly regulate tone in the affected areas. Without GABA, affected nerves perpetually fire the message for their corresponding muscles to contract and tighten up.