A chemical component of a freezing solution used in cryopreservation. The purpose of the cryoprotectant is to help protect the semen from freeze damage.
A molecule that prevents the formation of ice crystals in frozen cells. Glycerol, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), and sucrose are widely used as cryoprotectants. Antifreeze proteins also have cryoprotectant effects.
an antifreeze substance that prevents or reduces ice-crystal formation
a small molecule that easily penetrates inside cells and that depresses the freezing point of water
a chemical that protects cells during cooling and freezing.
A chemical which, when applied to the cells or tissues to be cryopreserved, enhances their tolerance to the freezing process.
is the fluid that the oocytes are placed in after retrieval. The cryoprotectant is used to freeze the eggs. The fluid is a comprised of organic chemical liquids and sugar that is used to buffer the egg cell during the stresses of freezing and thawing.
A chemical component of the freezing solution used in cryopreservation that protects the cells from freeze damage.
an additive to a processed semen sample which enhances the survival rate of the cells during cryopreservation. The most common cryoprotectant added to human semen is glycerol.
A cryoprotectant is a substance that is used to protect biological tissue from freezing damage (damage due to ice formation). Arctic and Antarctic insects, fish, amphibians and reptiles create cryoprotectants in their bodies to minimize freezing damage during cold winter periods. Insects most often use sugars as cryoprotectants.