The Middle Passage is the name given to a section of the triangular trade . The organisation of the transatlantic slave trade was based on a triangular route. The Middle Passage refers to the section of the route from West Africa to the Caribbean and the Americas, in which enslaved Africans were transported across the Atlantic Ocean.
the journey across the Atlantic Ocean made by slave ships from the west coast of Africa to the Western Hemisphere.
the Atlantic crossing between Africa and the Americas where countless enslaved Africans died en route.
The term middle passage referred to the voyage between West Africa and the New World slave colonies.
Slave voyage from Africa to the Americas (16th—18th centuries); generally a traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip Africans of their culture. (p. 654)
Middle Pasage (1990) by Charles R. Johnson is about the final voyage of an illegal American slave ship. Set in 1830, it tells of a freed slave named Rutherford Calhoun.