Claim to universal empire based on succession to Roman Empire and especially active under Charles V of the House of Hapsburg. Austria, parts of southern Germany, the Nethedands, Franche-Comte and Spain, Naples, Sicily, Sardinia and the Balearics and the Spanish possessions in the Americas were all part of Charles V's inheritance between 1516 and 1519 as eldest son of Philip of Burgundy and Joanna of Castile. In 1519 Charles was elected Holy Roman Emperor in preference to Francis I of France. The remainder of the period saw a struggle for Hapsburg succession in central Europe and immense Hapsburg-Valois rivalry in which England was embroiled. Hood An arched covering; when used to throw off rainwater, called hood-mould.
A new instance of the old Roman empire in the West, the Empire was established in 962 under Otto I, a reincarnation of Charlemagne's old empire established in 800. The Empire was what we today consider modern day Germany, the ‘Emperor' being elected by the German princes, holding land in both Germany and Italy.
the lands ruled by Charlemagne; a continuation of the Roman Empire in Europe
HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE The Empire began with Charlemagne in 800, encompassing north and east Europe
Enduring from A.D. 800 to 1806, official successor under papal authority to the Roman Empire. The title king of the Romans, first given to Charlemagne, was borne by a long succession of German kings. Centered in Germany, the empire at its peak (thirteenth century to sixteenth century) extended from the Low Countries to Czechoslovakia and southward into Italy. Weakened by struggles with Roman Catholic Church and the Reformation, then scattered by the results of the Thirty Years' War ( q.v.), 1648.
The Holy Roman Empire was the loose confederation of German and Italian territories under the authority of an emperor that existed from the ninth or tenth century until 1806.
The Holy Roman Empire was a mainly Germanic conglomeration of lands in Central Europe during the Middle Ages and the early modern period. It was also known as the Holy Roman Empire of the German Nation from the late 15th century onwards. It originated with the coronation of Charlemagne by Pope Leo III on Christmas Day, AD 800, and lasted until the abdication of Emperor-elect Francis II in 1806 during the Napoleonic Wars.