When a film has a wide aspect ratio (as they almost all do) and a fullscreen transfer (4:3) is made, the only option is to select a portion of the image judged to be of the greatest important and remove the edges. The Telecine machine can be programmed to select the best part of each frame, which may involve moving the scan area or on shot.
The technique of reframing a picture to conform to a different aspect ratio by cropping parts of the picture.
A method of converting a widescreen presentation to an image within a 4:3 aspect ratio without black bars at the top and bottom of the picture. The camera moves back and forth (panning and scanning) in each scene to show only the most important parts of the image. Results in the left and/or right edges of the image being cut off.
A method of presenting a widescreen movie in fullscreen. The image is moved back and forth across the original widescreen frame in an attempt to keep the camera focused on important action.
This is the term applied to the conversion of a widescreen picture to fit a 4:3 screen. The picture takes up the full vertical height of the screen and sides are cropped. In order to pick up important information displayed to the left or right the view window is shifted or panned across the picture.
The process of formatting a wide screen image on a SD television. The original image is moved left and right to keep the important information on screen.
Pan & scan means the thinner TV "window" is panned and zoomed across the wider movie picture, chopping off the sides. Letterbox viewing mode will prevent the sides from being cut off.
One technique for accommodating widescreen programming on a standard 4:3 screen. The system selects out a 4:3 portion of the larger picture and presents only that portion. To follow the action in the larger picture, a technician must sometimes shift the point of view left or right, "panning" the frame. Cinema purists hate Pan & Scan because it disrupts the director's original vision. Others appreciate a picture that fills their 4:3 screen.
A method for displaying wide screen video on a conventional TV by showing only part of the full width. The part shown is normally adjusted during the video depending on where the most important action is.
When a widescreen film is presented on TV, one option is to fill the frame from top to bottom with the image and then "pan" back and forth across to reveal any necessary information not visible within the square dimensions of the TV set.
Reframing a 16:9 video to 4:3 by selectively cropping the left and right sides of the image. This can be done as an editing step, or automatically by some DVD players.