A gene dosage effect that occurs when a diploid requires both functional copies of a gene for a wild-type phenotype. An organism that is heterozygous for a haploinsufficient locus does not have a wild-type phenotype.
Loss of one copy (one allele) of a gene is sufficient to give rise to disease. Haploinsufficiency implies that no dominant-negative effect of the mutated gene product has to be invoked.
Situation where one normal copy of a gene alone is not sufficient to maintain normal function. It is observed as a dominant mutation on one allele (or deletion of it) resulting in total loss-of-function in a diploid cell because of the insufficient amount of the wild-type protein encoded by the normal allele on the other haplotype (see also dominant negative). A recent example of haploinsufficiency by Kurotaki et al, 2002 in Sotos syndrome.
The situation in which an individual who is heterozygous for a certain gene mutation or hemizygous at a particular locus, often due to a deletion of the corresponding allele, is clinically affected because a single copy of the normal gene is incapable of providing sufficient protein production as to assure normal function
The situation where inactivation of a gene on one of a pair of homologous chromosomes results in a change in the phenotype of the mutant organism.
A situation in which the protein produced by a single copy of an otherwise normal gene is not sufficient to assure normal function.
Mutations in the heterozygous state which result in half normal levels of the gene product leading to phenotypic effects, i.e. are sensitive to gene dosage.
Haploinsufficiency occurs when a diploid organism only has a single functional copy of a gene (with the other copy inactivated by mutation). The single functional copy of the gene does not produce enough of a gene product (typically a protein) to bring about a wild-type condition, leading to an abnormal or diseased state.