n., vt. To transfer pollen from the anthers of the flowers of one plant to the stigma of the flower of another plant. The mating of a hybrid with a third parent; also an offtype plant resulting from pollen of a different sort contaminating a field of usually self-pollinated plants.
Cross-pollination, usually by natural means, with plants differing in genetic constitution.
a breeding made between unrelated family bloodlines.
To breed a cat with another cat of a different breed in order to strengthen the stock, refine and build features, and increase color varieties.
Mating of an individual to another of the same breed which is not closely related.
The offspring of two animals of the same breed but unrelated.
a mating of one individual to a genetically nonrelated individual, often designed to get rid of background mutations or other undesirable features
cross between genetically unrelated animals. See Outcross in the MGI Glossary.
The mating of cats that have no common ancestors within several generations.
A cross between genetically unrelated animals.
To breed one registered parent to another resulting in a registerable hybrid breed. Those breeds allowable in the background of a registered hybrid breed. See also HYBRID.
The sexual mating of two unrelated strains in order to introduce a desired genetic feature from one parental strain into the second strain. An outcross is typically followed by repeated backcrosses into the second strain in order to â€œfixâ€ the gene in the new genetic background as a homozygote, while reducing and then eliminating contributions by all other non-selected genes from original parent strain. Outcrossing in C. elegans is relatively infrequent in wild populations, but is required in male/female species in each generation, resulting in drastically different levels of genetic diversity within wild populations ( Graustein et al., 2002; BarriÃ¨re and FÃ©lix, 2005). See Backcross See Crossing See Selfing