scientific evaluation of the probability of harm resulting from exposure to hazardous materials
a document that identifies the risks and quantities of possible adverse health effects that may result from exposure to emissions of toxic air contaminants. A health risk assessment cannot predict specific health effects; it only describes the increased possibility of adverse health effects based on the best scientific information available
A qualitative or quantitative evaluation of the environmental health risk resulting from exposure to a chemical or physical agent (pollutant); combines exposure assessment results with toxicity assessment results to estimate risk.
a calculation that compares the amount of contaminant in a food to the amount of contaminant that is known to be safe or will have no negative effect
an evaluation of the potential for adverse health effects that can result from public exposure to emissions of toxic substances
An assessment of a health care plan member's health status by taking into account that person's family health history and health-related behaviors to predict the member's likelihood of experiencing certain health issues.
A process which estimates the likelihood that people who could be exposed to chemicals may have health effects. The four steps of a risk assessment are: (1) hazard identification (Can this substance damage health?), (2) dose-response assessment (What dose causes what effect?), (3) exposure assessment (How and how much do people contact it?), and (4) risk characterization (combining the other three steps to estimate risk).