is the elevation of the zero point of the reference gage from which gage height is determined as compared to sea level (see " Datum"). This elevation is established by a system of levels from known benchmarks, by approximation from topographic maps, or by geographical positioning system.
The arbitrary zero datum elevation which all stage measurements are made from.
The arbitrary "zero plane" from which all stage measurements are taken from. Usually set below the natural bottom of the channel so all stage height readings will be greater than zero.
An arbitrary datum plane that is established for a particular gaging station to which water-surface elevations can be compared.
A horizontal surface used as a zero point for measurement of stage or gage height. This surface usually is located slightly below the lowest point of the stream bottom such that the gage height is usually slightly greater than the maximum depth of water. Because the gage datum is not an actual physical object, the datum is usually defined by specifying the elevations of permanent reference marks such as bridge abutments and survey monuments, and the gage is set to agree with the reference marks. Gage datum is a local datum that is maintained independently of any national geodetic datum. However, if the elevation of the gage datum relative to the national datum (North American Vertical Datum of 1988 or National Geodetic Vertical Datum of 1929) has been determined, then the gage readings can be converted to elevations above the national datum by adding the elevation of the gage datum to the gage reading.