Tort in which one or more persons actually commit the physical acts constituting the crime while others, although not physically participating, agree to and assist the actual perpetrators (civil conspirators).
a combination of two or more persons, by some concerted action, to accomplish a criminal or unlawful purpose, or to accomplish a lawful purpose by criminal or unlawful means
a combination of two or more persons who, by some concerted action, intend to accomplish some unlawful objective for the purpose of harming another which results in damage
an agreement or understanding between at least two persons to do an unlawful act, or to use unlawful means to do an act that would otherwise be lawful
an intentional tort which requires a specific intent to accomplish the contemplated wrong