an assessment designed to show what a student knows, understands, or can do in relation to specific performance objectives. Criterion-referenced assessments are used to identify student strengths and weaknesses. For example, "She typed 55 words per minute without errors." Criterion-referenced assessments focus on what each child has learned and assume that most students can achieve the objectives of the curriculum.
"A score that compares a student's performance to specific standards." The student is assessed in reference to some student outcome that can be expected as a result of an education experience (i.e., a degree of mastery of identified criteria. Criteria are qualities that can provide evidence of achievement of goals or outcomes, such as comprehension of concepts introduced or reinforced, a kind of inquiry behavior encouraged, or a technique practiced for its potential contribution to the skill of the artist/student or the meaning/communication of the art work. It makes sense to assess in terms of what a teacher believes was taught.
Assessing students according to how well they meet standards or criteria of performance at the end of a teaching period. CRA is a form of contract: the ILOs tell the students what to do in order to obtain a certain grade, so if the student meets those criteria that grade should be awarded.
A measure that reports student progress or achievement compared with predetermined levels of quality.
In criterion-referenced assessment, instructional objectives are used to define the domain of interest and a specified performance standard is imposed. As long as the content of the specified domain remains stable, a student's score is an absolute reflection of his or her degree of domain mastery.
Assessment that measures pupils' knowledge and understanding against specific standards, as opposed to the performance of other pupils. With this type of assessment, it is possible for all pupils to earn the highest grade, if all meet the established criteria.
This is a type of assessment in which a child's score is compared against a predetermined criterion score to determine if the child is performing acceptably or unacceptably. Rather than comparing the child's performance against the performance of her peers (as would be the case with a norm-referenced assessment), the criterion or "acceptable score" is set by the author of the assessment. Each child's score, then, is either above or below the criterion score.
the evaluation of a learner's performance in relation to a given standard rather than in relation to the performance of a reference group.
A test that measures student achievement against well-defined criteria; assigns levels of proficiency of performance; and/or assesses mastery of a specific domain or area of knowledge.
An assessment that is designed to provide information on a student's attainment of specified knowledge and/or skills. The results have meaning in relation to what the student knows or is able to do (rather than on the student in relation to a reference group, as in a norm-referenced test).
An assessment that measures what a student understands, knows, or can accomplish in relation to specific performance objectives. It is used to identify a student's specific strengths and weaknesses in relation to skills defined as the goals of the instruction, but it does not compare students to other students. (Compare to norm-referenced assessment.)
The process of using criteria for judging performance to measure or describe the extent of student achievement.
An assessment where an individual's performance is compared to a specific learning objective or performance standard and not to the performance of other students. Criterion-referenced assessment tells us how well students are performing on specific goals or standards rather that just telling how their performance compares to a norm group of students nationally or locally. In criterion-referenced assessments, it is possible that none, or all, of the examinees will reach a particular goal or performance standard. For example: "all of the students demonstrated proficiency in applying concepts from astronomy, meteorology, geology, oceanography, and physics to describe the forces that shape the earth."
A criterion-referenced assessment measures what a child can do against a specific set of objectives or skills. Assessing whether a skill has been mastered will provide useful diagnostic information. See also Norm-Referenced Assessment. Developed Intelligence The whole mental apparatus of a child, including that developed by experience and exposure to learning.
Assessment that measures student knowledge and understanding in relation to specific standards or performance objectives. Criterion-referenced assessment measures students' performance in relation to standards, not in relation to other students; all students may earn the highest grade if all meet the established performance criteria.