The policy enacted by a central bank in order to control money supply in their...
a prevailing program followed by a government or central bank, but usually a central bank, in establishing actions designed to either stimulate or slow down the economy, emphasizing changes in the availability of liquid assets to banks and consumers.
a policy managed by the Federal Reserve Board to control the availability and cost of borrowing money.
The federal governments attempt to change aggregate demand through money supply changes.
Policy implemented by the Reserve Bank to influence money supply and hence inflation. This is achieved via changes to the OCR.
A pecuniary and credit policy.
Monetary policy is a tool by which government can influence the economy by affecting interest rates. In the case of the US, the Federal Reserve Board may choose to increase interest rates thereby slowing the economy and dampening inflation, or decrease interest rates which may stimulate the economy by stimulating investment and consumption.
Reserve Bank actions to influence the availability and cost of money. In tandem with fiscal policy, monetary policy is one of the chief arms of Government economic policy. Tight monetary policy usually means higher interest rates as the scarcity of money prevails, whereas loose monetary policy is the reverse.
Governmental policy regulating the supply of money in the economy. For instance, in a weak economy, the government might stimulate growth by extending more credit to the banking industry. That action serves to increase the amount of money in circulation, which bolsters the economy. By the same token, the government can temper an overheating economy by reducing the money supply through bank credit restrictions.
Methods used by central banks and governments to control the level of economic activity in a national economy. Rates of economic growth can be controlled through the supply of credit to the banking system, changes in interest rates, or by altering the reserve requirement for the banks. Economic activity is typically measured by looking at industrial production, employment and consumer spending statistics. oney Center Bank A term that describes the largest U.S. banks located in major financial centers that participate in national and international money markets. Money Center Banks are the U.S. equivalent of City Banks in Japan and Clearing Banks in the U.K. oney Market The market for the purchase and sale of short-term financial instruments.
Government influence on the direction of a country's economy by controlling the amount of money available to the public, companies and organisations to spend.
Management by a central bank of a country's money supply to ensure the availability of credit in quantities and at levels consistent with specific national objectives. The bank's tools include open market operations in the money market, intervention in foreign exchange and controls over financial institutions via interest rate ceilings and curbs on lending. See separate entries such as "Germany – Key Interest Rates" for the Group of 10 nations and Switzerland.
The use of the money supply and/or the interest rate to influence the level of economic activity and other policy objectives including the balance of payments or the exchange rate.
The attempt to influence the economy through management of the money supply. In the U.S., this policy is conducted by the Federal Reserve Board.
Control of the availability of money and credit. It is the province of the Federal Reserve Board.
control of the supply of money and credit to influence the economy
Economic policy the objective of which is control of the money supply. Tools include interest rates open market operations and the amount of money in circulation.
Is set by the Federal Reserve Board (FRB). Although the Federal Reserve Board has many tools available to it, they all have the effect of either tightening or easing the money supply.
Central bank attempts to influence the economy through money supply levels.
The Federal Reserve actions that are designed to influence the availability and cost of money. Specific policy includes changing the discount rate, altering bank reserve requirements, and open-market operations. In general, a policy to restrict monetary growth results in tightened credit conditions and, at least temporarily, higher rates of interest. This situation can be expected to have a negative impact on the security markets in the short run, although the long-run effects may be positive because of reduced inflationary pressures. Compare Accommodative Monetary Policy.
the policies and actions of the Federal Reserve Board that impact the rate of growth and size of the money supply.
Changes in the supply of money and the availability of credit initiated by a nation's central bank to promote price stability, full employment, and reasonable rates of economic growth. View Capstone Lesson(s) that address this concept
the policy directed toward the control of the money supply
The use by government of changes in the supply of money and interest rates to achieve desired economic policy objectives. The aim is to influence the level of economic activity. The government may use monetary policy to either boost economic activity (if the economy is in a recession) or perhaps to reduce economic activity (if the economy is growing too fast, causing inflation). To slow down the economy, the government may use contractionary (or deflationary) monetary policy.
Changes in the supply of money and the availability of credit, initiated by a nation's central bank (in the United States, by the Fed) to promote price stability, full employment and economic growth. (See also Federal Reserve.)
is the central bank's use of control of the money supply and interest rates to influence the level of economic activity.
Central Bank actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit, as a means of helping to promote economic growth and price stability. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, the discount rate and reserve requirements.
The way governments and central banks try to control the money supply and (these days especially) interest rates to influence overall economic activity.
The set of decisions a government makes, usually through its central bank, regarding the amount of money in circulation in the economy. In Canada, the Bank of Canada adjusts the target for the overnight interest rate to achieve a rate of monetary expansion consistent with keeping inflation low and relatively stable (and close to 2 per cent).
The attempt to maintain price stability and the level of the exchange rate (and sometimes, notwithstanding the objections of monetarists, to moderate the business cycle) through control of monetary policy instruments such as money supply and interest rates.
Regulation of the money supply by the Fed, in order to influence aggregate economic activity; the Fed's role in supplying money to the economy.
Changes in interest rates and the quantity of money designed to influence the economy.
The set of policies determined by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System involving influence over the money supply, short-term interest rates, and credit market conditions. During periods of recession, lower interest rates and higher money growth can help stimulate the economy. During periods of declining unemployment and increasing inflation, monetary restraint by raising interest rates and slowing the growth of money is usually indicated.
Policies of the Federal Reserve System that increase or decrease the supply of money in an effort to achieve designated economic goals.
A body whose members are appointed by the Bank of England, responsible for setting UK interest rates at monthly meetings.
A course of action which seeks to affect the amount of money available in the economy and its cost (interest rates) in order to help the economy grow, keep prices stable and keep employment at a high level. In the United States, monetary policy is the responsibility of the Federal Reserve System; tools of monetary policy include open market operations, adjustments in reserve requirements held on deposits and changes in the discount rate charged to financial institutions.
The actions of the Federal Reserve System to affect the money supply, banking system and ultimately the economy as a whole.
A policy implemented by the federal government through the Bank of Canada to control credit and the money supply in the economy.
Conducted by the central bank to influence the level of prices via interest rates.
a policy often implemented by a central bank to control credit and the money supply in the economy, in an attempt to control inflation and stimulate or slow an economy. One tool of monetary policy is the setting of short-term interest rates.
Federal Reserve Board decisions on the Money Supply.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the amount of cash, drawable checking account funds and interest rates in the U.S. economy.
A central bank's actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit, as a means of helping to promote national economic goals. Tools of monetary policy include open market operations, discount policy and reserve requirements.
Policies aimed at controlling inflation and unemployment through manipulation of the money supply and interest rates. Primarily established by the Federal Reserve Board
This comprises actions taken by the central bank to change the supply of money and the interest rate and thereby affct economic activity. Government hope that by regulating the level of money or liquidity in the economy, they will achieve policy objectives like controlling inflation, improving the balance of payments, raising the growth of the gross national product or maintaining a certain level of employment.
The practice of using financial policy instruments to influence monetary conditions in NZ, ie how easy or difficult it is to obtain money and credit.
Use of control over the money supply to stimulate or dampen economic growth.
The regulation of the money supply and interest rates by a central bank, in order to control inflation and stabilize currency.
Federal government policy pursued by the Bank of Canada to control interest rates and the supply of money.
A set of actions or decisions about the national currency. These decisions can be about the foreign exchange rate of the national currency, or setting limits on the interest rates banks can charge.
Action taken by the Reserve Bank to affect interest rates and the exchange rate in order to control inflation. Tightening monetary policy refers to actions taken by the Reserve Bank to raise interest rates (which can influence the exchange rate) in order to moderate demand pressures to reduce inflationary pressures.
Government actions that influence the availability of money and credit, as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability, and a sustainable pattern of international transactions. (Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis)
Federal Reserve actions to influence interest rates or the money supply
The rule or attempt of a country's governments to change aggregate demand through money supply changes.
A central bank's management of a country's money supply. Economic theory underlying monetary policy suggests that controlling the growth of the amount of money in the economy is the key to controlling prices and therefore inflation. However, central banks monetary capability is severely limited by global money movements. This forces them to use the indirect tool of exchange rate manipulation.
Federal Reserve System actions to influence the availability and cost of money and credit as a means of helping to promote high employment, economic growth, price stability, and a sustainable pattern of international transactions.
Policies carried out by the Federal Reserve Board to influence the supply of money and the rate of interest.
Governmental regulation of the amount of money in circulation through such institutions as the Federal Reserve Board. ( See Federal Reserve )
The objectives of the central bank in exercising its control over money, interest rates, and credit conditions. The instruments of monetary policy are primarily open-market operations, reserve requirements, and the discount rate.
Monetary policies are ones that use the level of the money supply and interest rates to influence the level of economic activity. The government may want to use their monetary policy to either boost economic activity (if the economy is in a recession) or perhaps to reduce economic activity (if the economy is growing too fast, causing inflation). If they want to slow down the economy they may use contractionary (or deflationary) monetary policy. This is likely to mean: increasing the level of interest rates reducing the rate of growth of the money supply On the other hand if they want to boost the economy because it is in a downturn, they may choose to use expansionary (or reflationary) monetary policy. This would mean: reducing the level of interest rates allowing the rate of growth of the money supply to increase
Generally associated with the setting of interest rate levels in an economy to try and stimulate or stifle borrowing and thus control consumer demand/spending. Conventional wisdom states that if interest rates move in an upward direction in one nation (under normal economic circumstances) then the currency in that nation should move up in value against foreign currencies. The rational is that the rate of return on interest bearing deposits become more attractive and the foreign demand for that currency should increase.
government macroeconomic policy that seeks to influence general economic activity by controlling credit and interest rates and the domestic money supply (i.e. the amount of currency in circulation).
how the Federal Reserve (the Fed) affects the money supply; changes in the reserve ratio, federal funds rate, and the purchase and sale of bonds
The central bank's use and control of the quantity of money in circulation and of interest rates in order to influence the level of economic activity.
The setting of an appropriate level of the cash rate target by the Reserve Bank of Australia to maintain the rate of inflation in Australia between 2 and 3 per cent per annum on average over the business cycle.
influencing the direction of an economy through control of the money supply (See also Fiscal Policy)
An attempt to influence the economy by operating on such monetary variables as the quantity of money and the rate of interest. The nation's central bank is usually involved with monetary policy.
The Federal Reserve Board determines monetary policy by targeting either interest rates or the money supply. A reduction in interest rates will spur growth while an increase in interest rates would dampen economic activity. If the Fed were targeting money supply, then they would say that they were increasing the money supply to spur growth and decreasing the money supply to curtail growth.
A government's macroeconomic effort to manage the economy through increasing or decreasing the supply of money
refers to the policies of the central bank (Reserve Bank of India) to change the supply of money and the interest rate, and thereby affect economic activity. Governments hope that by regulating the level of money or liquidity in the economy, they will achieve policy objectives like controlling inflation, improving the balance of payments, raising the growth of the Gross National Product, or maintaining a certain level of employment.
Economic policy, usually handled by the Reserve Bank, concerned with the management of money supply, interest rates and financial conditions.
government policies which try to influence the economy by changing the amount of money circulating in the economy (money supply) and the interest rate (rate at which people, companies, or the government can borrow money).
The strategy of influencing movements of the money supply and interest rates to affect output and inflation. An "easy" monetary policy suggests faster money growth and initially lower short-term interest rates in an attempt to increase aggregate demand, but it may lead to a higher rate of inflation. A "tight" monetary policy suggests slower money growth and higher interest rates in the near term in an attempt to reduce inflationary pressure by reducing aggregate demand. The Federal Reserve System conducts monetary policy in the United States.
the setting of the official cash rate form the central bank designed to influence the rate of economic growth and inflation to ensure targets are met. 'Easing' means interest rates are lowered, 'tightening' means they are raised and 'neutral' means they are unchanged
The actions of the Reserve Bank to influence access, volume and cost of money in the economy.
Are the policies (used by the Fed) that use the level of the money supply and interest rates to influence the level of economic activity.
Relates to the actions of a countries central bank which have a direct influence on the level of interest rates which are used in the determination of the size and rate of economic growth, the management of inflation and figures of current employment
The regulation, by the Federal Reserve System, of the money supply in order to maximize production and employment and stabilize prices. See also contractionary monetary policy and expansionary monetary policy.
The actions of a central bank, currency board, or other regulatory committee, that determine the size and rate of growth of the money supply, which in turn affects interest rates.
The regulation, by the Federal Reserve System, aimed at stabilizing prices, maintaining full employment, moderating the business cycle, and contributing towards achieving long-term growth by adjusting the quantity of money in circulation (the money supply) and interest rates. See also contractionary monetary policy and expansionary monetary policy.
Actions taken by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to influence the money supply or interest rates.
Policies put in place by a government that influence the economy.
Actions by the Federal Reserve System to influence the cost and availability of credit, with the goals of promoting economic growth, full employment, price stability and balanced trade with other countries.
The ability of the Bank of Canada to influence the economy through changes in short-term interest rates and the money supply.
money supply Macaulay Duration
A policy followed by the federal government through the Bank of Canada for controlling credit and the money supply in the economy. The policy will vary according to the anti-inflationary or job-creating results the government primarily desires to achieve.
This term refers to the actions undertaken by a central bank, such as the Federal Reserve, to influence the availability and cost of money and credit to help promote national economic goals.
the way a government manages money supply and interest rates
The process of managing the supply of money and credit in the economy. Monetary policy in Canada as in other modern economies is managed by the central bank, although the Bank of Canada is ultimately responsible to the federal government. The primary objective of monetary policy is to contribute to the performance of the Canadian economy. This goal is best realized in practice by achieving and maintaining price stability. The Bank of Canada's primary instrument for managing the supply of money is its influence on short-term interest rates; the Bank has virtually no control over long-term interest rates, which are determined mainly by inflation expectations. The Bank influences short-term interest rates mainly by inducing decreases or increases in the level of liquidity (i.e., cash) in the financial system. A decrease results in higher interest rates; a liquidity increase results in lower interest rates. The Bank influences the level of liquidity in the financial system mainly through its control over the level of government deposits in major deposit-taking institutions.
Government policy and actions taken by the Federal Reserve Board to regulate the nation's money supply.
Monetary policy is the process by which the government, central bank, or monetary authority manages the money supply to achieve specific goals—such as constraining inflation, maintaining an exchange rate, achieving full employment or economic growth. (Usually the goal of monetary policy is to accommodate economic growth in a an environment of stable prices.) Monetary policy can involve changing certain interest rates, either directly or indirectly through open market operations, setting reserve requirements, acting as a last-resort lender (i.e. discount window lending), or trading in foreign exchange markets.