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Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.
ay-FAY-zhee-uh Difficulty with receptive and/or expressive language due to acquired brain dysfunction (from stroke, head injury, etc.).
Reduced efficiency in the comprehension and/or expression of language caused by damage to the central nervous system, generally following stroke
A loss or impairment of the production and/or understanding of written or spoken language. Aphasia is an intellectual impairment, and is quite different from the purely motor problems of dysarthria.
Total or partial loss of the ability either to use (expressive aphasia) or understand words (receptive aphasia).
Absence or impairment of the ability to communicate through speech, writing, or signs owing to dysfunctions of brain centers.
The loss or impairment of the ability to use language because of lesions in the brain: executive, difficulties in speaking or writing the words intended; receptive, difficulties in understanding written or spoken language.
Aphasia: "Impairment in the comprehension and formulation of language symbols resulting from damage to certain areas of the brain. Aphasia is frequently caused by focal brain lesions in the cortical an subcortical areas of the left hemisphere as a result of hemorrhage or thromboembolic clots. Deficits are demonstrated in aspects of communication (e.g. comprehension, speaking/signing, reading , writing) either singly or in combination." (p. 523, Lloyd, Fuller & Arvidson, 1998) Learn more about aphasia at http://www.aphasia.org/ Click "BACK" on your browser to return to the previous page.
The inability to acquire meaningful spoken language as a result of brain damage.
the change in language function due to an injury to the cerebral cortex of brain. It causes partial or total loss of ability to express oneself and/or to understand language.
A reference to both spoken and written language disorders. May affect both expression and understanding of communication.
absence or impairment of the ability to communicate through speech, written, or sign language due to dysfunction of the brain centres
An impairment in the understanding or transmission of ideas by language in any of its forms--reading, writing, or speaking--that is due to injury or disease of the brain centers involved in language.
Impairment of the ability to use or understand oral language.
A disorder of understanding or production of spoken language.
An inability to use and/or understand language. This is not simply an inability to articulate words but is an inability to find the appropriate words and/or to decode the meaning of words. There are many forms, including: expressive aphasia in which the ability to find and utter words is damaged and which is usually associated with damage to part of the left* frontal brain area - BROCA'S AREA (qv); receptive aphasia in which the ability to understand words and also to monitor one's own speech is damaged resulting in 'fluent' or 'jargon' aphasia. This kind of aphasia is usually associated with damage to more posterior areas, especially WERNICKE'S AREA (qv). *NOTE: IT IS USUALLY THE LEFT HEMISPHERE WHICH MAINLY CONTROLS LANGUAGE IN BOTH LEFT AND RIGHT HANDERS, CONTRARY TO POPULAR BELIEF.
impaired ability to use or understand words, written and spoken. Results from brain injury or disease.
The adult-form of a language impairment. It may be caused by stroke, brain injury or severe illnesses resulting from neurological injury.
a language disorder resulting from brain damage.
Inability to use language coherently or meaningfully, due to injury or disease of the brain centers controlling language process.
Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. It impairs both the expression and understanding of language as well as reading and writing.
difficulty in finding words and expressing thoughts
A general term covering any partial or complete loss of language abilities. The origins are always organic, namely a lesion in the brain. There are literally dozens of varieties of aphasia and the classification systems are based on the (presumed) cortical locale of the lesion, others upon the general sensory and/or motor functions which are impaired and still others on the particular linguistic skills which are lost.
Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. For most people, these are parts of the left side (hemisphere) of the brain. Aphasia usually occurs suddenly, frequently the result of a stroke or head injury, but it may also develop slowly, as in the case of a brain tumor. The disorder impairs a persons ability to understand and express language, as well as reading and writing. Aphasia may co-occur with speech disorders such as dysarthria or apraxia of speech, which also results in brain damage.
Unable to, or impairment of, ability to express thoughts through speech; different kinds of aphasia exhibit different impairment symptoms.
aphasia is in general the impairment of the ability to use language, particularly grammar and vocabulary, usually caused by some form of damage to the brain, sometimes accompanied by other forms of impairment, consisting of types such as Broca's and Wernicke's aphasias
inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
a defect in speech, as a result of diseases of the brain
a language disorder caused by damage to the temporal lobe or higher up in the frontal lobe
Difficulty in using language. It can either be a problem understanding language (receptive) or speaking it (expressive). People are often affected by both sorts F-K
The inability to recognize, comprehend, and understand words. It affects langage skills and the ability to read, understand language, communicate, follow instructions, participate in conversations, and express desires or needs.
A language disorder syndrome caused by focal cortical and/or subcortical lesions (most frequently a stroke or CVA) to the language dominant cerebral hemisphere; characterized by impairments in verbal and written expression and listening and reading comprehension; excludes motor speech disorders such as dysarthria and apraxia of speech, and cognitive-communication disorders resulting from dementia and traumatic brain injury.
Defective or absent language function
Impaired or absent language function, usually referring to speech; which results from an injury to brain structures usually in the dominant hemisphere (the side of the brain that controls language function is usually the side opposite to the handedness of the person and is referred to as the dominant hemisphere by definition).
Loss of language abilities due to brain damage, usually on the left side of the brain where most people have their “language centers”. We often see aphasia as the result of an adult who has had a stroke and has trouble naming items, remembering words, categorizing, and conversing. Children can also have aphasia as a result of brain damage.
Inability to verbally express oneself either because of inability to coordinate speech (Broca's aphasia) or to select the proper words (Wernicke's aphasia). This is usually a result of injury to parts of the speech and auditory processing center in the cerebral cortex of the brain.
Loss or impairment of language ability due to brain injury.
Inability to communicate in speech, writing or signs (expressive aphasia) or to comprehend spoken or written language (receptive aphasia). [ Quick find
Partial or total loss of language production or comprehension by injury to certain areas of the brain
Aphasia is a language disorder which is caused by injury to the brain, specifically the cerebral cortex. This disorder causes a person to have difficulty understanding or verbally communicating spoken language.
( Linguish) Aphasia is an impairment of language affecting the ability to use or comprehend speech. Aphasia usually results from brain injury, most often connected with a stroke. It can range from mild to severe. Although the play Linguish posits a virus that affects that same part of the brain, no known virus communicates the condition. There are three common forms of aphasia in Linguish, anomic aphasia, Brocaâ€™s aphasia, and Wernickeâ€™s aphasia, all defined below. Also, Linguish references symptoms such as eidetic memory (never associated with real life aphasia), echolalia (something sometimes found in aphasics, but not commonly considered a part of the disease), and a Touretteâ€™s-like desire to use certain words (also something sometimes found in aphasics)
inability to either understand spoken language (a receptive dysphasia) or express it (an expressive dysphasia) without any impairment in articulation. A complete inability to understand or speak is termed aphasia
Childhood or developmental aphasia is a disorder characterized by difficulty learning language in the absence of a cognitive deficit, sensory and physical deficits, severe emotional disturbances, environmental factors, or brain damage.
The loss of ability to communicate orally, through signs, or in writing, or the inability to understand such communications; the loss of language usage ability.
A loss or impairment of the ability to understand or express language in either written or spoken form.
Language impairment due to a brain lesion, in the absence of elementary sensory or motor impairment.
Inability to understand or express language whether written or spoken.
Loss of the ability to express oneself and/or to understand language. Caused by damage to brain cells rather than deficits in speech or hearing organs.
total or partial loss of ability to use or understand language; usually caused by stroke, brain disease, or injury.
Partial or total loss of the ability to explain ideas or understand spoken or written language, resulting from damage to the brain caused by injury or disease.
An inability to speak or understand speech.
Loss of the ability to speak or to understand speech because of brain damage.
the inability to produce meaningful speech, either in content or in sound production.
Difficulty with, or loss of use of language, in any of several ways including reading, writing, speaking and failure to understand written, printed or spoken words. This is not related to intelligence but to specific lesions in the brain.
here there is difficulty understanding (primary sensory or receptive), producing (motor or expressive) speech or finding the appropraite word (nominal or anomic).
the inability to speak or understand due to brain injury or disease.
dysfunction or loss of the ability to speak, write or use symbols to express thoughts.
Loss of the ability to use or understand language.
An aquired abnormality in the production or comprehension of language.
Unable to use or understand language.
loss of the ability to speak or understand language.
Inability to use language. It can either be a problem understanding language (receptive) or speaking it (expressive). People are often affected by both sorts
Difficulty understanding or expressing language as a result of damage to the brain.
the loss or reduction of the ability to speak, read, write, or understand, due to dysfunction of brain centers.
Defect in or loss of the ability to express oneself using speech, writing, or signs, or to comprehend spoken or written language as a result of injury to or disease of the brain's speech centers.
Loss or impairment of the power of speech or writing, or of the ability to understand written or spoken language or signs, due to a brain injury or disease.
Disturbance in language comprehension or production, often as a result of a stroke.
Loss of ability to communicate through speech.
The change, or loss, in language function due to an injury.
Loss of speech expression or comprehension.
One in a group of speech disorders in which there is a defect or loss of the power of expression by speech, writing, or signs, or a defect or loss of the power of comprehension of spoken or written language. See, for example, auditory aphasia . See the entire definition of Aphasia
an acquired language disorder
a disturbance in the comprehension or expression of language. Caused by a lesion in the brain.
lack or loss of the ability to express oneself in speech, writing or signs. In addition, the patient is no longer able to understand spoken or written language.
Complete or partial loss of the ability to speak, or understand speech.
difficulty understanding and/or producing spoken and written language. ( See also non-fluent aphasia.)
loss or impairment of the power to use or comprehend words. IIH sufferers may sometimes experience short, temporary spells of aphasia
A disorder of language produced by lesions in certain areas of the cortex. A lesion in Broca's area leads to nonfluent aphasia, one in Wernicke's area to fluent aphasia.
Inability to understand or create speech, writing, or language in general due to damage to the speech centers of the brain.
Loss of ability to understand or express speech
Reduction of the ability to communicate with others through the use of language. Receptive aphasia does not understand the language of others. Expressive aphasia is a reduction in the ability to use language, for example naming and making mistakes in word usage.
Cerebral disturbances in which there is loss more or less exclusively of the production and/or comprehension of speech and language. The causes are many and include occlusion of the internal carotid artery or middle cerebral artery, edema, and metabolic derangements.
loss of power of expression by speech, writing, or signs and/or loss of comprehension of spoken language or written language due to brain injury or pathology
the inability to speak, write or understand spoken or written language because of brain injury or disease.
Loss of ability to speak or write; loss of ability to understand speech or written words.
inability to express thoughts by speech or writing and/or to understand the spoken or written word. This is a disorder of language. Dysphasia = difficulty with cf. aphasia which means complete loss. In testing for dysphasia the ability to understand spoken and written language is tested, the ability to express oneself in spoken and written language is tested and the ability to name objects is tested. The most important areas for speech are Broca's area (1) and Wernicke's area (2,3). Broca's dysphasia is a motor dysphasia characterised by halting speech with simpler grammatical relationships than usual. There may also be problems with understanding the spoken word, the written word (dyslexia) and writing difficulties (dysgraphia). Wernicke's dysphasia. Unlike Broca's, speech is fluent. Understanding of the spoken word is markedly impaired, the person is unaware of errors in speech, new 'rubbish' words and other extra sounds may be added. There are often reading and writing difficulties. There are other forms of dysphasia but classification is continually changing, speak to a speech and language therapist.
a difficulty or impossibility in speaking.
loss of ability to express oneself properly through speech, or loss of verbal communication
Difficulty in speaking and understanding others mostly observed in Alzheimerâ€(tm)s disease patients.
Aphasia is a loss or impairment of the ability to produce or comprehend language, due to brain damage. It is usually a result of damage to the language centres of the brain (like Broca's area). These areas are always located in the left hemisphere and in most people this is where the ability to produce and comprehend language is found. However in a very small number of people language ability is found in the right hemisphere. Damage to these language areas can be caused by a stroke or physical injury. Depending on the area and extent of the damage, someone may be able to speak but not write, or vice versa, or understand more complex sentences than he can produce. The brains of young children with brain damage sometimes restructure themselves to use different areas for speech processing, and regain lost function; adult brains are less "plastic" and lack this ability.
Difficulty understanding the speech of others and/or expressing oneself verbally.
injury to the language processing center in the brain impairing the ability to talk, listen, read and write or understand speech.
Inability to express oneself properly through speech or loss of verbal comprehension; sensory and motor areas may be involved.
loss or impairment of language which is not related to impaired hearing (deafmutism), expressive speech problems (dysarthria) or psychogenic disorders.
Difficulty with or loss of use of language in any of several ways, including reading, writing, or speaking. Failure of understanding written, printed, or spoken word. Related to specific lesions in the brain.
the state of being unable to speak at all.
The inability to communicate or comprehend due to damage to specific areas of the brain.
Specific language deficit not due to mental retardation or muscular weakness.
Gr. 'without speech,' e.g. motor aphasia, sensory aphasia ( Ch. 27).
A partial or total loss of the power to use or understand words.
Aphasia (or aphemia) is a loss or impairment of the ability to produce and/or comprehend language, due to brain damage.