Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as, absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
Also called an "essence," this is the pure base material that is obtained by extracting it from a plant's solids. These solids (like leaves or flowers) contain waxes and insoluble materials (like fiber) that are unusable in perfumery. To extract the absolute, the solid material is washed in alcohol, frozen, then filtered. When the alcohol evaporates, the remaining product (either a liquid or solid) is the plant's absolute.
perfect or complete or pure; "absolute loyalty"; "absolute silence"; "absolute truth"; "absolute alcohol"
an essential oil that has been diluted
a plant extract obtained by the traditional method of enfleurage which is a complex, lengthy and expensive extraction method
a refinement of a concrete, which is a thick, fragrant material extracted from the plant using a hydro-carbon solvent
a term given to an essential oil processed by enfleurage (a traditional method using pork or beef fat to extract the fragrant part of the plant) or by solvent extraction (using mineral solvents such as hexane)
Some plants are too delicate to be subjected to extreme heat and cannot be steam-distilled to render an essential oil. An absolute is made by a process of cold distillation using chemical solvent extraction to render what is known as a "concrete". The concrete is then dissolved in alcohol to remove the solvent. When the alcohol evaporates, the product is known as an "absolute".
alcohol - ethyl alcohol that contains no more than one percent by weight of water -- called also dehydrated alcohol
an alcohol extract of a concentrate to remove waxes and most odorless materials, producing an alcohol - soluble liquid or semi-liquid oil. It is the most concentrated form of perfumery material.
An absolute is a highly concentrated viscous, semisolid, or solid natural material, usually obtained by alcohol extraction from the concrete.
Alcoholic extraction of a concrete to remove waxes and most odorless materials, producing an alcohol-soluble liquid or semi-liquid oil.
aromatic material extracted from a plant using solvent extraction; tend to be more viscous than essential oils
A highly concentrated viscous, semi-solid or solid perfume material, usually obtained by alcohol extraction from the concrete
A concentrated alcohol soluble aromatic base. Separated from the fatty acids and waxes in a concrete using alcohol and vacuum distillation.
Extraction of essence from plants or flowers using solvents. Usually used with plants that have very low yields or change under the heat of steam distillation.
Products, not strictly essential oils, obtained through chemical solvent extraction.
a highly concentrated extract of perfumery material usually from a flower, bark, leaf or some other natural source, that is free of by-products and waxes
A concentrated semi-solid aromatic material, usually obtained by alcohol extraction. More info
The most concentrated form of fragrance obtained when distilling a concrete
Also known as an essence, this is the material extracted from a plant or flower using one of various solvents.
Generally an alcohol method of extraction from concrete for producing an alcohol-soluble liquid or semi-liquid oil.
the essential oil of scented flowers and other aromatic plant parts in its purest and most concentrated form. Among the most important oils used in an absolute form are cassie, champac, clary sage, geranium, ylang-ylang, jasmine, labdanum, lavender, lily mimosa, orange flower, rose, tuberose, violet and violet leaf. Absolute imparts richness and an inimitable texture. In the case of jasmine, it takes twelve thousand pounds of flowers to produce two pounds of oil, therefore yielding the very high price.
Absolutes are regarded as the strongest aromatic product from the starting material. Not strictly essential oils as they are obtained through extraction with volatile solvents such as hexane which dissolves the volatile oil components plus colour and waxes. The resultant concrete is a solid. The volatile oil is then extracted from the concrete using alcohol. Absolutes are usually darker coloured than essential oils as non-volatile colour is also extracted.
Highly concentrated prepared perfumes obtained by a method of extraction of a concrete. Absolutes can also be obtained through distillation
An absolute is the most potent aromatic product made from a base product. It differs from an essential oil in that it's produced through an extraction process that uses volatile solvents. The extracted solid material is then combined with alcohol to produce the absolute. Absolutes are also darker in color than essential oils.
Similar to essential oils, absolutes are concentrated, highly-aromatic, oily mixtures extracted from plants. Whereas essential oils can typically be produced through steam distillation, absolutes require the use of solvent extraction techniques. First, an organic solvent, such as hexane, is added to the plant material to help extract the hydrophobic compounds.