One of a group of compounds including the sugars, starches, and gums, which contain six (or some multiple of six) carbon atoms, united with a variable number of hydrogen and oxygen atoms, but with the two latter always in proportion as to form water; as dextrose, C6H12O6.
One of the three main constituents of foods. Carbohydrates are composed mainly of sugars and starches.
Carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen containing biomolecules with a formula of (CH2O)n, that is carbon is hydrated, hence the name. Chemically, it is an aldehyde or ketone derivative of a polyhydric alcohol, particularly of penta- and hexahydric alcohols. The most important carbohydrates are starches, sugars, cellulose, and gums.
One of the three nutrients that supply calories (energy) to the body. Carbohydrates are needed for normal body function. There are two basic kinds of carbohydrates: simple (sugars) and complex (starches and fiber).
Molecules which store energy, such as sugars and starches and wich can be broken down to release energy. search for Carbohydrate
A group of chemical substances, including sugars, glycogen, starches, dextrins and celluloses. Classified as one of the three nutrients. Carbohydrates are a basic source of energy; stored in the body as glycogen virtually in all the tissues but principally in the liver and muscle tissue.
Any of a group of organic compounds produced by photosynthesis plants that includes sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums and serves as a major energy source in the diet of animals.
An organic compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with a 2 to 1 ratio of hydrogen to oxygen. Sugars, starches, and cellulose are all forms of carbohydrate.
sugars or starches produced by plants to store energy. Also animal glycogen.
organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a particular amount and arrangement; comprises sugar subLETTERs; usually has the formula (CH2O)n
any of certain organic compounds, including the sugars, starches, and celluloses.
A class of biological molecule that contains carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen, usually with twice as much hydrogen as oxygen. Carbohydrates are composed of monosaccharide (simple sugar) building blocks. Starch, cellulose, and glycogen, and are carbohydrates.
One of the three main nutrients in food. Carbohydrates are metabolized completely into glucose immediately after they are eaten. They have the most profound effect on glucose levels. Carbohydrates are found in starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products and sugars.
Synthesized by plants from carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen. See also photosynthesis.
an organic compound such as sugar or starch which provides energy for living organisms
a sugar or combination of sugars
A main source of energy for our body that is composed of starches and sugars. Carbohydrates are found predominantly in breads, cereals, fruits, and vegetables.
An organic compound consisting of a ring or chain of carbon atoms with hydrogen and oxygen attached; examples are sugars, starches, cellulose, and glycogen.
General term for certain polyhydroxyaldehydes, polyhydroxyketones, or compounds derived from these usually having the formula (CH2O). Primary type of compound used for storing and supplying energy in animal cells.
An organic comound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is one of the macronutrients we derive energy from at a rate of 4 kcals per gram.
A sugar molecule. Carbohydrates can be small and simple (for example, glucose) or they can be large and complex (for example, polysaccharides such as starch, chitin or cellulose).
Any of a group of chemical compounds, including sugars, starches and cellulose, containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen.
A molecule containing the atoms carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. There can be different numbers of each of these atoms arranged together to make different carbohydrate molecules. For instance, the sugar we use to sweeten food and beverages is generally sucrose and has twelve units of carbon, twenty-two units of hydrogen and eleven units of oxygen in each molecule (C 12 22 11)
Literally, a hydrate of carbon. Originally defined as any compound with an empirical formula of CH2O; now defined as polyhydroxy aldehydes or ketones. Includes starches and sugars. See monosaccharide and polysaccharide.
any of various chemical compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, such as sugars, starches, and cellulose.
energy component of diet that is an important source of food and energy for humans and animals. Sugar and starch are carbohydrates. any food containing carbohydrates, for example, bread, pasta, potatoes etc.
An organic compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ratio that approximates 1:2:1.
(car-bo-HI-drate) An organic compound derived from carbon, hydrogen and oxygen that is a major source of food and energy for humans and animals. Examples of carbohydrates include sugars, starches and celluloses.
A carbohydrate substance is a substance that has the general chemical structure of a sugar.
A group of compounds containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; comprising all the sugars (glucose, glycogen, starch, fiber, cellulose, and saccharides).
A major component of cereals, grains and vegetables. Composed of glucose units (6 carbon sugar s), it is found mainly in the starch component of cereal grains.
a group of monomers and polymers of aldehydes and ketones that have numerous hydroxyl groups attached; energy-rich compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; sugars and starches are carbohydrates; the general formula for many carbohydrates is Cn(H2O)n.
Carbohydrates are one of the major sources of energy for powering your body, providing 4 calories per gram. The most basic form is a simple sugar such as fructose or glucose. Simple sugars are the building blocks for another type of carbohydrate called a complex carbohydrate. Complex carbohydrates are found in starchy foods such as potatoes, pastas, whole grains, and breads.
Organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; when broken down, a major energy source for muscular work and one of the basic foodstuffs.
Organic compounds that include sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums and serve as a major energy source during exercise.
hydrate of carbon and hydrogen (CH2O) including sugars, starch and polysaccharide
An organic compound which contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. It is a source of energy for the cell yielding 4.1 Calories per gram.
A carbon-, hydrogen-, and oxygen-containing organic polymeric compound composed of sugar subunits.
a macronutrient required by the body, primarily responsible for providing energy to the muscles and brain; commonly known as starches (complex) and sugars (simple).
The main source of energy for all body functions, especially brain functions; major sources of carbohydrates are cereals, vegetables, fruits, rice, potatoes, legumes, and flour products.
various neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, most of which are formed by plants to produce a major class of food for animals.
an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
a complex chemical compound
a component of food that is broken down to sugar in the body and used as fuel
a compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen found in plants and used as a food by humans and other animals
a form of sugar or starch that is a major energy source for the human body
a macro component that consists of fibers and sugars
a macronutrient composed of carbon (carbo-) and water (-hydrate)
a molecular structure made of sugars linked together
a molecule which is a combination of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen
an organic compound that is composed of atoms of carbon hydrogen and oxygen atom
a nutrient that is used by your body for energy
a six-carbon molecule that can shape-shift into many formations
A chemical compound made up of a chain or ring of carbon atoms to which hydrogen and oxygen atoms are attached in a defined ratio (2: 1); includes simple sugars like glucose and complex sugars like chitin (the exoskeleton of crabs).
An organic substance, usually of plant origin with a carbon, hydrogen and oxygen composition, which serves as a major energy source in the diet.
one of the three major sources of calories in the diet. Carbohydrate comes primarily from sugar (simple carbohydrate) and starch (complex carbohydrate, found in bread, pasts and beans). Carbohydrate is broken down into glucose during digestion and is the main nutrient that raises blood sugar levels.
One of the nutrients that supply calories to the body. Carbohydrates may be simple or complex. Complex carbohydrates also are called starch and fiber, which come from plants and can be found in whole-grain breads, cereals, pasta, rice, dried peas, and beans, corn, lima beans, fruits, and vegetables.
an organic compound consisting of a chain or ring of carbon atoms to which hydrogen and oxygen atoms are attached approximately 1:2:1; they have a general formula of (CH2O)n.
A substance, mainly sugar and starch, that is a main source of energy for the body and is found in sources such as cereals, breads, pastas, grains, and vegetables.
Any form of organic compound including sugars, starches, celluloses and gums that serves as the primary energy source for an animal's diet.
One of three major sources of calories in the diet. Carbohydrates are chains of sugar molecules hooked together. Smaller chains are known as simple carbohydrates while longer chains are complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates naturally occur in fruits, vegetables and milk products. They are also found in processed sugars such as sweets, honey, sugar and syrups. Complex carbohydrates are starches found in breads, cereals, rice and pastas. Carbohydrate is broken down into glucose during digestion and is the main nutrient that raises blood sugar levels.
chemical substances containing carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms which are an essential structural component of living cells and a source of energy for animals; i.e. sugars and starches.
Any substance that has a molecular structure based on sugar, including sugar, glucose, fructose, etc., as well as more complex starches found in plant food sources (fruits, grains, vegetables, etc.).
Any of a large group of organic compounds, including sugars and starch, that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; a source of energy and component of various biological compounds including nucleic acids, mucous secretions and the chitin exoskeleton of crustacea. The presence of some carbohydrates may enhance the texture and palatibility of formulated feeds.
One of the nutrients that supply calories to the body. Compounds composed of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen arranged as simple sugars. Sources include grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and other plant foods.
an organic molecule composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; examples include sugars and starches
A chemical compound which contains only carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O) and has the general formula Cx (H2O)y. Examples include sugars, starches and cellulose. Plant carbohydrates constitute a major food class and are a basic source of energy for all animals.
neutral compound of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; Sugar, starch and cellulose are carbohydrates.
related definitions: Complex Carbohydrate Including both starch and fiber, requires digestion before being used as an energy source by the body. Starch is broken down into sugar during digestion. Dietary fiber cannot be fully digested but plays an important role in normal digestion and disease prevention. Complex carbohydrates are found in plant foods, such as whole grains, pasta, potatoes, and beans. Simple Carbohydrate Also known as sugar. Simple carbohydrates can be absorbed by the body without further digestion. Some examples are fructose, glucose, maltose, lactose, honey, and fructose. Examples of foods containing simple carbohydrates include honey, fruit, candy, and soda.
A nutrient in food that provides a major source of energy. Usually found in grains, fruits, starchy vegetables and dairy foods. Is broken down to glucose in the blood stream and raises blood glucose levels. Cannula A small tube that is inserted into the body to assist in various methods of insulin delivery eg. pumps, insuflon.
one of the major sources of calories in the diet. It comes primarily from sugar (found in refined fruits and vegetables) and starch (found in grains and legumes). Carbohydrate breaks down into glucose during digestion and raises blood glucose levels.
Foods which provide energy. They are often called starches and sugars, and are found in things like bread, pasta, fruit, and cereal.
sugars and starches that come from plants, provide energy source by converting into glucose in the body. Simple sugars are table sugar (sucrose), honey, fruit sugars, corn syrup. Junk foods and processed foods contain highly processed sugars and carbohydrates that break down quickly and are rapidly absorbed in the bloodstream as glucose.
a starchy food that gives the body energy. Bread, pasta, rice, potatoes and cereals are examples of carbohydrates.
A macro-nutrient food source for the body. Carbohydrates are either simple (e.g. sugar and fruit) or complex (e.g. starch from grains). All carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram.
An organic, carbon, molecule with the building block (CH2O)n. There are different types of carbohydrate, e.g. sugar, cellulose etc.
macronutrients such as starch, sucrose, fructose.
CAR-bo-HI-drate Compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, with twice as many hydrogens as oxygens; sugar or starch. 43
One of the three major energy sources in foods. The most common carbohydrates are sugars and starches. Carbohydrates yield about 4 calories per gram. Carbohydrates are found in foods from the starch/bread, milk, vegetable, fruit, and exchange lists.
An organic compound, consisting primarily of sugar or starch, that can be turned quickly into caloric energy. Hummingbirds get most of their carbohydrates from flower nectar or sugar water. Also see fat and protein.
There are basically two forms of carbohydrates: simple and complex. The simple carbohydrates consist of sugars, and the complex carbohydrates consist of starches, grains, cereals, and vegetables. All carbohydrates are converted to sugars within the body.
Carbohydrate is a macronutrient that provides 4 calories of energy per gram. Carbohydrates are classified as complex, such as starches or fibers, or simple sugars. Slow carbohydrates are carbohydrates that are digested slowly by the body to provide a gradual release of sugar into the blood stream and prevent a spike in blood sugar.
Class of molecules including simple sugars, starches, plant fibers and gums.
The body’s preferred energy source. Found as simple sugars (mono and disaccharides such as glucose and sucrose in fruits, biscuits, cakes) and polysaccharides such as starch and cellulose. Starch is found in cereals, bread and potatoes.
energy-storage compound produced by photosynthesis.
A family of organic molecules with the general formula (CH 0)x, ranging from simple sugars, such as glucose and fructose, to complex molecules, such as starch and cellulose.
One of three major food substances (examples: sugar, starch). Carbohydrates in the diet are discussed in Chapter 6. Carbohydrates are the major component of the diabetic Starch/Bread List.
A food (organic compound) composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen with the hydrogen:oxygen ratio frequently 2:1, as in water.
in the diet it is broken down to glucose, the body's principal energy source, through digestion and metabolism. It is stored as glycogen in the liver and muscles. Carbo can be simple (sugars) or complex (bread, pasta, grains, fruits, vegetables), which contains additional nutrients. One gram of carbohydrate supplies four calories.
An organic molecule that constitutes a major class of nutrients from foods like breads, fruit, vegetables, and dairy products. Typically, carbohydrates are divided into two classes: simple (mono- and di-saccharides) and complex (polysaccharides). Simple carbohydrates are sugars such as glucose, fructose, and sucrose, while complex carbohydrates include cellulose, glycogen, and starch.
A compound containing carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen atoms; most are known as sugars, starches, and dietary fibers.
A group of compounds consisting of sugars and starch founded breads fruit vegetable cereals etc. Carbohydrates are broken down into smaller components such as lactose and glucose. These are the stored by the liver in used as fuel.
Sugars made up of oxygen and hydrogen that your body gets from starchy and fibrous foods, and uses for energy.
An organic compound with the general formula Cx(H2O)y.
A food source including starch, sugars and celluloses, created by the combination of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen.
an organic compound made of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen; carbohydrates are monosaccharides, disaccharides, oligosaccharides, or polysaccharides depending on degree of polymerization of sugars.
A broad category of sugars and starches that the body eventually converts to glucose, the body's primary source of energy. There are two classes of carbohydratesâ€”simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are the sugars, which include glucose and fructose from fruits and vegetables, sucrose from beet or cane sugar and lactose from milk. Simple carbohydrates are absorbed by the body very quickly. Complex carbohydrates include starches and fiber and are most commonly found in whole grains and legumes. Complex carbohydrates, which are generally large chains of glucose molecules, take longer to digest and provide more nutrients than simple carbohydrates.
A chemical compound made up of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; forms the main source of energy in our diet. Examples include sugar, starch and cellulose.
Compounds which contain the elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; there is always twice as much hydrogen as there is oxygen. Made up of sub units called simple sugars; carbohydrates are one of the major classes of nutrients; one function in the body is as an energy source.
any of the various compounds of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen including the sugars and starches
A class of organic compounds including sugars and starches. The name comes from the fact that many (but not all) carbohydrates have the basic formula CH
an organic molecule composed mainly of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen atoms. Carbohydrates constitutes a major class of nutrients, and are present in foods such as bread and pasta.
a chemical compound that contains only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Found in plants, carbohydrates-which include all sugars, starches, and celluloses-constitute a major class of animal food and are a basic source of human energy.
One of the three main classes of foods essential to the body; includes monosaccharides (simple sugars such as fructose, galactose, and glucose), oligosaccharides (sugars containing 2 to 10 monosaccharides, such as lactose, maltose, and sucrose), and polysaccharides (complex sugars such as cellulose, glycogen, and starch).
One of the three main classes of foods and a source of energy. Carbohydrates are mainly sugars and starches that the body breaks down into glucose (a simple sugar that the body can use to feed its cells). The body also uses carbohydrates to make a substance called glycogen that is stored in the liver and muscles for future use. If the body does not have enough insulin or cannot use the insulin it has, then the body will not be able to use carbohydrates for energy the way it should. This condition is called diabetes. See also: Fats; protein.
Carbohydrates constitute the main source of energy for all body functions; the most important being saccharides, starch, cellulose, and gum.
A class of organic compounds containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen (sugars, starch, alcohol, etc.).
A type of molecule containing atoms of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, such as sugars, starches, and cellulose.
The principle source of energy in the diet, consisting of simple carbohydrates (sugar) and complex carbohydrates (starch and fiber). A healthy diet should contain several daily servings of complex carbohydrates such as grains, cereals, fruits and vegetables.
A carbohydrate is one of three major nutrients that provide the body with energy. Carbohydrates are made up of either single sugars or bound strings of sugar. Examples of single sugars (simple carbohydrates) are sucrose or table sugar, fructose or fruit sugar and lactose or dairy sugar. Bound strings of sugar or complex carbohydrates that are found in plants are often called starches. Examples of digestible kinds of complex carbs are wheat flour or potato starch. A non-digestible example is cellulose from celery. Carbs are converted by the body into sugar and used for energy. Unused carbs are stored in the body as fat.
A major classification of foods that includes all sugars and starches.
Carbohydrates are organic compounds that consist of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. They vary from simple sugars containing from three to seven carbon atoms to very complex polymers. Only the hexoses (sugars with six carbon atoms) and pentoses (sugars with five carbon atoms) and their polymers play important roles in nutrition. Carbohydrates in food provide 4 calories per gram. Plants manufacture and store carbohydrates as their chief source of energy. The glucose synthesized in the leaves of plants is used as the basis for more complex forms of carbohydrates. Classification of carbohydrates relates to their structural core of simple sugars, saccharides. Principal monosaccharides that occur in food are glucose and fructose. Three common disaccharides are sucrose, maltose and lactose. Polysaccharides of interest in nutrition include starch, dextrin, glycogen and cellulose.
A nutrient in food that comes mainly from sugar and starch. Carbohydrate is broken down into glucose for energy.
One of the three main types of nutrients required for human health. Carbohydrates are the body's main source of energy. Carbohydrates are found in three food groups; bread and starch, fruit, and juice and milk and yogurt.
foods which contain sugars and starches
A molecule made up of one or more sugars. In the body, carbohydrates can exist independently or be attached to proteins or lipids.
An organic compound made up of carbon, oxygen and hydrogen. Different forms of carbohydrates include sugars, starches and fibers. Their main function is to provide fuel for the brain and muscles.
one of three major sources of calories in the diet. Carbohydrate comes primarily from sugar (simple carbohydrate) and starch (complex carbohydrate, found in bread, pasta, beans). Carbohydrate is broken down into glucose during digestion and is the main nutrient that raises blood glucose levels.
Starch and sugars are carbohydrates. They are important in our diet for providing the body with energy. Typical foods high in carbohydrates are potatoes, rice and bread which contain starch and sweets and cakes which contain sugars.
Any of various neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen (as sugar, starches, cellulose) most of which are formed by green plants and which constitute a major class of animal foods.
Compund containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, in the ratio of 1C:2H:1O, such as sugars, starches, and cellulose.
Organic compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Once they are broken down, they become a significant energy source for muscles. Since carbohydrates have a tendency to hold sugar, â€œlow carb dietsâ€ have become increasingly popular over the years.
Organic compound consisting of a chain of carbon atoms to which hydrogen and oxygen are attached in a 2:1 ratio, e.g., sugars, starch, glycogen, cellulose.
One of three major sources of calories in the diet. Carbohydrates come primarily from sugar (simple carbohydrate) and starch (complex carbohydrate, found in bread, pasta, beans). Carbohydrates are broken down into glucose during digestion, and they are the main nutrient which raises blood glucose levels.
a group of organic compounds, including sugars, starches and fiber, that is a major source of energy for animals
Compounds that contain carbon, hydrogen and oxygen used by the body as a fuel source. Two main groups are sugars and starch.
Mainly sugars and starches, together constituting one of the three principal types of nutrients used as energy sources (calories) by the body. Carbohydrates can also be defined chemically as neutral compounds of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. See the entire definition of Carbohydrate
One of three main groups of foods in the diet that provide calories and energy. (Protein and fat are the others.) Carbohydrates are mainly sugars (simple carbohydrates) and starches (complex carbohydrates, found in bread, pasta, beans) that the body breaks down into glucose.
A major source of food energy (calories) in the diet. Carbohydrates come mainly from sugar â€“ found in fruits, fruit juices, vegetables and milk â€“ and starch â€“ found in grains, legumes, potatoes, rice, etc. All forms of carbohydrate break down into glucose during digestion and will increase your blood glucose levels.
Compounds composed of starches or sugars found primarily in breads, cereals, fruits and vegetables.
A chemical compound containing only the elements Carbon, Hydrogen, and Oxygen. Cellulose, starch, sugars and polyols are typical examples.
simple sugars and starches that provide a quick source of energy. One gram has four calories. Carbo is plentiful in fruits, grains, potatoes, breads, pasta, etc., and is stored in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen.
Any of a large group of sugars, starches, cellulose and gums that the body uses by converting into glucose, a simple sugar, for fuel.
One of the main energy nutrients. It supplies energy for the body and is further divided into simple carbohydrates (sugar, fruit) and complex carbohydrates (vegetables, starches). Carbohydrates are found in all fruits and vegetables, all grain products, dried beans and peas, milk and yogurt. Carbohydrates include: 1. Starch: Complex carbohydrates such as vegetables, pasta, whole grain breads and cereals. 2. Sugar: Simple carbohydrates such as table sugar, honey, the four sugars listed below, and others. 3. Fructose: The type of sugar found in fruit. It does not require insulin in order for the body to use it. 4. Glucose: The main type of sugar found in the blood and urine. It is this sugar that is elevated in people with diabetes. Table sugar is half glucose. 5. Lactose: The main sugar found in milk. It needs insulin to be used completely. 6. Sucrose: Table sugar or "granulated sugar"-the body breaks it down to glucose and fructose. The glucose needs insulin to be used.
Any one of many organic substances, almost all of them plant origin, that are composed of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and serve as the major source of energy in the diet. Primary macronutrient source of energy in the body; burned as glucose and stored in muscle as glycogen (excess stored as fat) and includes all sugars (1 gram yields 4 calories).
An organic compound produced by photosynthesis, such as sugar, starch, and cellulose and used as a source of food energy by organisms.
One of the three main nutrients in food. Foods that provide carbohydrate are starches, vegetables, fruits, dairy products, and sugars.
The body's most readily available source of energy. Each gram of carbohydrate provides 4 calories of energy. The main forms of carbohydrate are sugars and starches. Sugars are simple carbohydrates. Starches, such as bread, cereals and pasta, are complex carbohydrates.
Carbohydrates are nutrients that supply calories to the body. Sources include grains, fruits, vegetables, nuts, legumes and other plant foods. When completely broken down in the body, a gram of carbohydrate yields about 4 calories. The Atkins Nutritional ApproachTM advises low carbohydrate intake, and the more active an individual, the higher the tolerance.
considered a macronutrient because carbohydrates provide a significant source of calories (energy) in the diet. Chemically, carbohydrates are neutral compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. Carbohydrates come in simple forms known as sugars and such as starches and fiber.
Any of a group of organic compounds that includes sugars, starches, celluloses, and gums and serves as a major energy source in the diet of animals. These compounds are produced by photosynthetic plants and contain only carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen, usually in the ratio 1:2:1.
carbohydrate (kär´bo-hì¹drât´), any member of a large class of chemical compounds that includes sugars, starches, cellulose, and related compounds. Carbohydrates are produced naturally by green plants from carbon dioxide and water (see PHOTOSYNTHESIS). Essential nutrients, they are the human body’s main source of both quick and sustained energy. The three main classes of carbohydrates are monosaccharides, which are the simple SUGARS, e.g., FRUCTOSE and GLUCOSE; disaccharides, which are made up of two monosaccharide units and include LACTOSE, MALTOSE, and SUCROSE; and polysaccharides, which are polymers with many monosaccharide units and include CELLULOSE, GLYCOGEN, and STARCH. 1
A major energy-supplying nutrient in the diet, which is composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Sugars, starches, and fibers are examples of carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates, such as table sugar, are digested quickly (absorbed by the body quickly), while complex carbohydrates, such as starch, take longer to digest (absorbed by the body more slowly).
Essential nutrient of body found in pastas, breads, fruits, vegetables; should comprise the majority of calories in a runner's diet; stored in the body as glycogen in the muscles and liver; overconsumption is converted to fat
Carbohydrates are one of three main nutrients or food groups (carbohydrates, proteins and fats). They provide energy for the body. Carbohydrates can be either simple or complex. Simple carbohydrates have a simple organic structure (single sugars). Examples are sucrose (table sugar), fructose (fruit sugar) and lactose (dairy sugar) Complex carbohydrates have a more complex structure ( bound strings of sugar). Certain complex carbohydrates are non digestible by the body (cellulose from celery). Starches are a plant source of complex carbohydrates. The body converts carbohydrates into sugar using this as an energy source. Unused energy is stored in the body as fat.
any member of a very abundant and widespread class of natural organic substances that includes the sugars, starch and cellulose.
An organic substance containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen; e.g. a sugar or starch; one of the major classes of food substances for animals.
All carbs are made of sugar. Once ingested, all carbohydrates (whether simple or complex) are broken down into simple sugars so they can be absorbed by the body. The more carbs you eat at a time, the larger your blood sugar level will increase. This increase causes insulin levels to spike, triggering hunger and fat storage.
Compound containing carbon, hydrogen and oxygen including sugars, starches and cellulose.
Starches and sugars that body converts into glucose. Body cannot do this conversion when insulin level is low.
One of the three main nutrients in food. Foods that provide carbohydrate include starches, breads, vegetables, fruits, milk products, and sugars.
one of six nutrients needed to sustain human life. Carbohydrates are the basic source of energy for metabolism and for muscle use. Carbohydrates are classified as simple (sugars) or complex (starches). Carbohydrates are found in grains, cereals, pasta, breads, vegetables, and dairy products.
A carbon compound consisting of carbon hydrogen and oxygen in the molecular ratio of approximately one carbon : two hydrogens: one oxygen. Sugars and compounds built from sugars are the most commonly encountered carbohydrates.
Is an organic compound composed of carbon, oxygen, and hydrogen atoms. Some examples are sugars, starch, and cellulose.
(kar-bow-HIGH-drate) A major source of energy in the diet. There are two kinds of carbohydrates @ simple carbohydrates and complex carbohydrates. Simple carbohydrates are sugars and complex carbohydrates include both starches and fiber. Carbohydrates have 4 calories per gram. They are found naturally in foods such as breads, cereals, fruits, vegetables, and milk and dairy products. Foods such as sugar cereals, soft drinks, fruit drinks, fruit punch, lemonade, cakes, cookies, pies, ice cream, and candy are very rich in sugars.
Sugars and starches that are the most efficient source of food energy. Stored in the muscle and liver as glycogen and in the blood as glucose.
A compound composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen in a ration of 1:2:1. Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers.
Carbohydrates are any group of organic compounds that include sugars, starches, cellulose and gums, and serves as a major energy source during exercise.
a carbon, hydrogen, oxygen compound. Examples are sugar, starch and cellulose. Glucose is one of the simplest forms of carbohydrate.
A group of organic compounds, including starches and sugars, that is a major source of body energy and is necessary for metabolism. Excessive intake is associated with tooth decay and obesity. Its concentration can be assayed in serum and urine.
Any one of a group of compounds composed of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen with the ratio of hydrogen to oxygen usually as in water; viz., two H: one O. They are neutral compounds comprising the sugars, starches, celluloses, pentosans, galactans, etc.
Carbohydrates or saccharides (Greek sakcharon meaning "sugar") are simple molecules that are straight-chain aldehydes or ketones with many hydroxyl groups added, usually one on each carbon atom that is not part of the aldehyde or ketone functional group. Carbohydrates are the most abundant biological molecules, and fill numerous roles in living things, such as the storage and transport of energy (starch, glycogen) and structural components (cellulose in plants, chitin in animals). Additionally, carbohydrates and their derivatives play major roles in the functioning of the immune system, fertilization, pathogenesis, blood clotting, and development.