the breakdown of more complex substances into simpler ones with release of energy, in living organisms; destructive or downward metabolism; -- a form of metabolism, opposed to anabolism. See also Disassimilation.
the processes within a cell or organism by which complex substances are broken down into simple substances. Compare anabolism.
The body's breakdown of complex molecules, such as protein and fat, to simpler compounds.
Catabolism includes all the proceses in which complex substances are converted into simpler substances, usually with the release of energy.
Chemical decomposition of complex molecules to simpler ones, which releases energy.
chemical reactions involving the break down of complex organic compounds into simple ones with the release of energy
Reactions that involve the breakdown of compounds in the body, including the reactions that release energy from foods.
The process by which organisms break down substances into simpler forms. The opposite of anabolism.
A chemical process of the body in which energy is released for use in work, energy storage, or heat production. The body breaks down complex substances into simple compounds.– See also Anabolism– See also Metabolism
Cellular processes whereby complex molecules are degraded to simpler ones and energy is released. See also anabolism.
The breakdown of complex substnces into simpler ones.
Oxidative biodegradation of a pesticide to provide chemically available energy and generate metabolic intermediates. (after IUPAC, 1992)
An energy-releasing biochemical process that degrades complex molecules into simpler products.
the breakdown or digestion of large, complex molecules.
(Greek, cata = down + ballein = to throw) The reactions of metabolism that break down complex molecules, such as those in food.
a process in which complex substances are broken down into simpler substances (e.g., breakdown of tissue)
General term for the enzyme-catalyzed reactions in a cell by which complex molecules are degraded to simpler ones with release of energy. Intermediates in these reactions are sometimes called catabolites.
A process wherein the body breaks down muscle proteins for energy.
The breakdown of complex organic molecules into simpler components, accompanied by the release of energy.
catabolism (ke-tàb¹e-lîz´em) noun The metabolic breakdown of complex molecules into simpler ones, often resulting in a release of energy. [CATA- + (META)BOLISM.] — cat´a·bol¹ic (kàt´e-bòl¹îk) adjective
The production of energy by the degradation of organic compounds.
The metabolic process in which complex compounds are broken down to simpler substances.
An aspect of metabolism which is concerned with the breaking down of complex substances to simpler ones, with the release of energy.
the metabolic change of nutrients or complex substances into simpler compounds, accompanied by a release of energy.
Chemical rection resulting in the liberation of energy through final breakdown.
The breakdown of lean muscles mass, normally as a result of injury, immobilization and poor dieting techniques.
the breaking down of tissue or molecules.
The biochemical processes involved in the breakdown of organic compounds, usually leading to the production of energy.
cah-TAB-o-liz-um Metabolic degradation reactions, which release energy. 114
A type of metabolism in which biochemical processes taking place in a cell result in the breaking down of complex compounds into simpler ones to release energy.
The biochemical process in which complex molecules are broken down for energy production, recycling of their components, or excretion.
the breakdown of bodily proteins for energy and raw materials. Excess catabolism results in wasting.
The "tearing down" cycle of human metabolism. Anything catabolic degrades the body.
the chemical reactions within cells by which complex molecules break down to simpler molecules and energy is released.
The breakdown or loss of muscle and other bodily tissues.
a complex metabolic process in which energy is liberated for use in work, energy storage, or heat production by the destruction of complex substances. Basically muscle tissue is broken down when a person is in a catabolic state and the use of anabolic steroids will change this.
The catabolic process of metabolism in which tissue is broken down to liberate energy. In the context of Chinese medicine, catabolic processes correspond to Yang categories of generation and distribution of Qi, Moisture, and Blood (in other words, the animation of the organism that is the expression of Shen).
The process by which large molecules are broken down into smaller ones with the release of energy.
The destruction of complex components into smaller components - such as the breakdown of muscle tissue or the release of energy from ATP.
Breaking down of proteins and other chemical compounds in the body. Catabolism results in a weakening of bone and muscle tissue, a loss in skin resilience, as well as a general decline in other important body functions.
The decomposition by living organisms of complex organic molecules to simpler forms, with the release of energy.
Catabolism is the chemical decomposition of complex substances by the body to form simpler ones, accompanied by the release of energy. The substances broken down include nutrients in food (carbohydrates, proteins, etc.), as well as the body's storage products (such as glycogen).
destructive metabolism whereby complex chemical compounds in the body are degraded to simpler ones.
The set of metabolic reactions involved in taking complex molecules and breaking them down into simple molecules. Digestion is a set of reactions that is part of catabolism. Another example is breaking glucose down into carbon dioxide and water as part of cellular respiration.
The destructive phase of metabolism. It includes all the processes in which complex substances are converted into simpler ones, usually with the release of energy.