The act of causing; also the act or agency by which an effect is produced.
Producing a particular outcome by a specific act.
an effect of one or more variables on another variable. 46
The fact of being the cause of something produced or of happening. The act by which an effect is produced. An important doctrine in fields of negligence and criminal law.
Causal relation two variables are causally related if changes in the value of one cause the other to change. Two variables can be associated without having any causal relation, and even if two variables have a causal relation, their correlation can be small or zero.
Direct or indirect relation of cause to effect, e.g. 1) necessary cause: one without which an effect will not occur, but not in itself enough to bring about an effect; 2) sufficient cause: one that in and of itself is said to produce an effect; 3) permissive cause: that underlying an effect and permitting it to occur.
the act of causing something to happen
The legal concept of cause and effect.
in negligence cases, being the cause of something.
The relation of cause and effect
the logical effect of process A on element B to produce result C, such that a given result C is seen when B is exposed to A
The act by which an effect is produced. In epidemiology, the doctrine of causation is used to relate certain factors (predisposing, enabling, precipitating, or reinforcing factors) to disease occurrence. The doctrine of causation is also important in the fields of negligence and criminal law. Synonym: causality.
The act by which an effect is produced. See also "legal cause" and "proximate cause."
relationship that results when an change in one variable is not only correlated with but actually causes the change in another one
A relation of cause and effect between variables in which one variable is a determinant of another variable.
A term that often is used in clinical negligence claims. The Claimant must prove that the doctors were negligent and that this negligence caused an injury. Case can be won or lost on whether the Claimant can prove causation for his/her injury.