The theory or doctrines put forth by Darwin. See above.
A theory of evolution, proposed by Charles Darwin, that combined variation of inheritable traits with natural selection.
This term is often used to describe the natural selection of genes that optimises the fitness of a species in a particular environment. Darwin was also aware, however, that the environment to which individuals are exposed during development produces variation within one generation. "When a variation is of the slightest use to a being", he wrote, "we cannot tell how much of it to attribute to the accumulative action of natural selection, and how much to the conditions of life".
Term used to describe older version of hypothesis of natural selection, as co-authored by Charles Darwin and Alfred Wallace.
The theory of evolution as proposed by Charles Darwin, which combined variation of inheritable traits with natural selection. After the discovery of the physical mechanism of genetics, this was further refined into neo-Darwinism.
The school of thought, originating in the late Victorian era, in which some of the ideas of Charles Darwin (1809-82) â€“ natural selection, evolution, survival of the fittest and, above all, progress â€“ were applied to modern society. Social Darwinists argued that the poor had only themselves to blame for their poverty. However, by the 1880s, the struggle of the 'fittest' for survival was seen less in terms of individuals in the marketplace â€“ competitive individualism â€“ and more in terms of nations fighting for a place in the sun. Some of Darwinism's adherents in Britain stated that, because the Britons were the fittest race and so the likeliest to survive, they had the right to colonise the world. This type of racism became a way of justifying imperialism. See also eugenics.
a theory of organic evolution claiming that new species arise and are perpetuated by natural selection
the theory referring to biologist Charles Darwin's beliefs that the origin of species is a result of variation due to a genetic mutation from the parents, with individuals who are best adapted to survive chosen through the process of natural selection. Survival requires cooperation, which is why socialists of London's day accepted Darwinian science as proof of the superiority of their politics.
The theory of how evolution might have come about which constitutes the major contribution to science made by Charles Darwin (1809-1882).
the theory of evolution proposed by Charles Darwin in On the Origin of Species (1859), which postulated that present-day species have evolved from simpler ancestral types by the process of natural selection on the variability found within populations. The limited (and erroneous) understanding of genetics inherent in Darwin’s original postulation subsequently necessitated the evolution of Darwinism to Neo-Darwinsim (mid-20th century), sometimes referred to as “modern synthesis,” which is what most contemporary evolutionists embrace as “ macro-evolution” today.
A belief system, as defined by some Christian fundamentalists, that encompasses everything from the origin of the Universe, the origin of the first living things, and the origin of species. Bitterly renounced by said fundamentalists because it tries to explain the workings of the physical world without invoking the aid of undetectable magical beings.
Darwin's theory that species originated by evolution from other species and that evolution is mainly driven by natural selection.
Macroevolution by natural selection, slowly over a long period of time.
Of or pertaining to the views of English naturalist Charles Darwin (1809-1882). Specifically referring to Darwin’s views concerning biological evolution which, as a comprehensive theory, asserted that all life on Earth was the product of purely natural processes.