State of being dual or twofold; a twofold division; any system which is founded on a double principle, or a twofold distinction
A view of man as constituted of two original and independent elements, as matter and spirit.
A system which accepts two gods, or two original principles, one good and the other evil.
The doctrine that all mankind are divided by the arbitrary decree of God, and in his eternal foreknowledge, into two classes, the elect and the reprobate.
The theory that each cerebral hemisphere acts independently of the other.
A theory of ontology which claims that the mind and the body exist independently of one another and have entirely different essences or natures.
The theory that physical objects are independent in their existence and nature from the mental act of perception and knowledge; that there is an essential distinction between "mental" and "real" objects and events, so that the latter exist irrespective of whether known or not known by a perceiver.
(Dualistic) The theological doctrine that there are two mutually antagonistic principles in the universe, good and evil; the doctrine that man has two natures, physical and spiritual; the philosophical theory that the world is ultimately composed of, or explicable in terms of, two basic entities, mind and matter.
Dualists believe that the world consists of both mental and physical objects, like minds and bodies respectively. Most of the major philosophers, including Descartes and Locke, were dualists.
The belief that ultimate reality has two sides, such as Yin and Yang, good and evil, etc. Demonstrated by George Lucas' "Force" and religions such as Taoism.
In it's theological meaning, Dualism is the theory that there are two independent and opposing forces (God and the Devil) in continual conflict, and that the outcome of that conflict is not decided until the end. This theory is considered heresy by some because it denies the Omniscience and Sovereignty of God, over all things. [ back
Two-ism; the doctrine that existing things belong to one or another but not both of two distinct categories of things, usually deemed to be physical and nonphysical or spiritual.
level: Comprehensive (3) [ order by level] The idea that reality is divided into two categories: that which is natural and material, and that which is supernatural and mystical.
Philosophical doctrine, advanced most definitively by Descartes, that a human being is both mental and physical and that these two aspects are separate but interacting. Contrast with monism.
The view that the mind and the body are separate or separable subjects of study or experience.
The belief that there are two fundamental kinds of stuff in the universe, mind and matter (see monism). The classic problem for dualists is that of interaction: if matter and mind are really so fundamentally different, how could they possibly interact and influence each other? how could we mentally perceive the physical world, and how could our mental wills have an effect on our physical body parts(as when I lift my arm)
order by term] level: Introductory (1) The concept of human life as separated into distinct entities of body and soul or mind and body.
level: Introductory (1) [ order by level] The concept of human life as separated into distinct entities of body and soul or mind and body.
the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil
belief in the ability to reduce existence to either two expressions of substance, such as male and female, or two forces, such as good and evil.
The distinction of two essential and co-existing components in one system, i.e., in religious world views, the belief that God is composed of two opposing parts that exist eternally and together are the constituents of God. ("God contains both positive and negative forces, good and evil, male and female, spirit and matter, etc.")
a view of the world which holds that there are two ultimately distinct principles, or spheres, such as good and evil, or matter and spirit.
The idea that issues can always be divided into either/or states, e.g. mind/matter, fact/value, right/wrong. A throwback to pre-complexity viewpoints and earlier bivalent logic and systemic valuation, replaced mostly in complex systems approaches by non-dualist (continuum) modes of thought that take into account the wider connectivity issues and the need to balance multiple objectives.
A theory that views reality as composed of two irreducible elements or controlled by two fundamentally opposed principles such as matter and spirit or matter and mind.
1. a theory opposite to monism, holding that reality consists of two substances (e.g., mind and matter, body and soul). 2. in Platonic metaphysics, the belief that human being consists of soul and body, the latter being a prison in which the formerly all-knowing soul resides. 3. a theory running contrary to monotheism, holding that supernatural reality is of two forms, the one good and the other bad; Manichaenism is one such dualistic religious view.
The philosophical theory that the mind and the body are two separate entities.
The philosophical doctrine that mind and matter exist as independent entities, neither being reducible to the other (cf. materialism).
a worldview based on a conceptualization of reality as consisting of two irreducible modes: Good versus Evil
The idea that there are two spheres or domains of reality (material and spiritual).
order by term] level: Comprehensive (3) The idea that reality is divided into two categories: that which is natural and material, and that which is supernatural and mystical.
The idea that man and the universe are both composed principally of two differing properties, body and spirit. Almost all dualists see the body and material things as inferior to what they consider "spirit." Dualism is an ancient pagan heresy that deeply infected the church. Many ancient Greek philosophers were dualistic. They found the body and human history distasteful, and longed for death as an escape to the world of the ideal, i.e., the spirit. Thus, ancient dualists found the Biblical doctrine of the resurrection laughable (Ac. 17:32). Today's "Christian" dualists usually look only for escape from this life in the form of some sort of "spiritual" monastic retreat, a "pre-tribulational rapture," or death.
The view that mind and matter are two distinct things. Mind inhabits the body. Descartes was a proponent of this view.
theory recognizing two independent principles--e.g mind and matter, good ans evil--in the universe.
A philosophical theory of mind associated with the philosopher Descartes according to which human beings are constituted by two distinct metaphysical substances or realms: Thought and Extension. See also Functionalism, Materialism.
Setting two principles in opposition to one another (usually spirit vs. matter)
Philosophical view that the mind consists of two separate substances, soul and body.
The view that reality consists of both the mental and the physical, and that these are different kinds of things; the mental is not identical with the physical. Property Dualism The view that objects contain 2 different classes of property – the mental and the physical. Substance Dualism The view that the mental and the physical are two different classes of objects - minds and bodies.
Kahlo and Rivera, male and female; • life and death, divine and mortal; • light and dark, sun and moon (Teotihuacan culture), night and day; • interior and exterior, body and mind; • Yin and Yang. • conch and shell = male and female sexual organs; • doppelgänger or mirror image; • Aztec animal counterparts or alter-egos (64).
In a given domain of knowledge, dualism involves the existence of two fundamental principles (or concepts), often in opposition to each other. What precisely 'dualism' then entails depends on the context.
In philosophy of mind, dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter, which begins with the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical. Hart, W.D. (1996) "Dualism", in Samuel Guttenplan (org) A Companion to the Philosophy of Mind, Blackwell, Oxford, 265-7.