Deception deliberately practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage; artifice by which the right or interest of another is injured; injurious stratagem; deceit; trick.
An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of obtaining some valuable thing or promise from another.
False and deceptive statement of fact intended to induce another person to rely upon and, in reliance thereof, give up a valuable thing he or she owns or a legal right he or she is entitled to.
Used in many senses, but the point common to all of them is that material advantage is gained by unfair means. (i) Actual fraud occurs when one person causes pecuniary injury to another by intentionally misrepresenting or concealing a material fact which, from their mutual position, he was bound to explain or disposition and profits. This kind of fraud is sometimes called personal or moral as opposed to legal or constructive fraud. (ii) Fraud sometimes exists where no wrongful intention exists. In this sense of the word fraud, or constructive or legal fraud is a comprehensive expression which indicates the case in which a court will not enforce or will set aside a contract, instrument or transaction where the court is of the opinion that it is unconscientious for a person to avail himself of the advantage which he has obtained, eg where a person takes unfair advantage of the necessities of another. The effect of this induced by the fraud or to recover damages for the injury; it gives rise to a defence to any action brought about by the fraudulent party to endorse the contract or other transaction, but it does not make it void.
A misrepresentation of the truth for the purpose of deceit.
The intentional perversion of the truth in order to mislead someone into parting with something of value.
Deception that deprives another person of his her rights or injures him or her. False representation or concealment of material facts that induces another justifiably to rely on it to his detriment. Back to the Top
Intentional misrepresentation or concealment of information in order to deceive or mislead. It is illegal. see also Blue Sky Laws, collusion, gold brick, Investment Advisers Act, qualification period, SEC, shell.
Aa deception deliberately practiced to secure unfair or unlawful gain.
An intentional twisting of the truth or concealment of facts. Employers might be guilty of fraud, for example, if they maliciously lie about the advantages or disadvantages of the jobs they're offering, or as guise to illegally discharge employees. Fraud typically falls under tort or criminal law.
An act of deceit; misrepresentation of a material fact made knowingly, with the intention of having another person rely on that fact and consequently suffer a financial hardship.
The deliberate deceptive practice of faking paranormal phenomena, generally for the purposes of financial gain, notoriety, or psychological manipulation. Simulating such phenomena for the purpose of entertainment or education, such as in the case of stage magicians and mentalists, is not normally construed as fraud.
Deception carried out with the purpose of attaining personal gain while causing injury to another party.
Obtaining a material advantage by wrongful means.
False statements of an existing fact relied upon and causing damages to the defrauded party
An attempt through deceit or falsehood to obtain goods, services, or financial gain without legitimate rights. The UCR defines three categories of fraud, namely cheque fraud, credit card fraud, and other fraud including telemarketing fraud and criminal breach of trust, forgery, and insurance.
A defining aspect of fraud is breach of trust. Fraud is committed when one party deceives or misleads another, and through that deception acquires money or property, or abuses the victim's rights. Fraud may go undetected for a period of time as the victim usually relies on the perpetrating party for information. Subcategories of fraud include securities fraud, tax fraud, Internet fraud, identity fraud, and health fraud.
A misstatement of a material fact made with intent to deceive or made with reckless disregard of the truth, and which actually does deceive.
Fraud is the offence of falsely withholding information to gain monetary or material advantage, in a situation where the information should be disclosed. Fraud generally occurs when an individual knowingly makes false representation of the facts for his or her own advantage.
Intentional deception of another person which causes harm.
Intentional deception designed to deprive another person of property or to injure him or her in some other way.
The intended deception of someone who is injured by the falsehood or misleading information presented.
Intentional deception or misrepresentation which an individual or entity makes, knowing it to be false and that the deception could or does result in some unauthorized benefit.
Intentional deceit used to induce someone to give up something of value.
A deception deliberately practiced in order to secure unfair or unlawful gain. Exploitation of a person's good will through deceptive means.
A deception that could result in your health plan paying for something it shouldn't. For example, if your doctor files a claim for a service you didn't receive, this is fraud.
the greatest element of danger in psychical research, is now fairly well understood and guarded against. From the time of the Hydesville phenomena hardly any medium has been able to escape accusations of cheating and more or less compromising exposures. See FRAUD.
Intentional deception resulting in injury to another. Usually consists of a misrepresentation, concealment, or nondisclosure of a material fact, or at least misleading conduct, devices, or contrivance.
A false statement that is relied upon and causes damages to the defrauded party.
Deception or strategy used to deceive or cheat, including misrepresentation or concealment.
This involves intentional deception which results in injury to another party.
Knowing falsehood or trickery used by one person to mislead another. See misrepresentation and Douglas NW v. O’Brien. Class
An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of inducing another, in reliance upon it, either to part with some valuable thing (e.g., money) which belongs to him, or to surrender a legal right. A misrepresentation of a matter by false or misleading allegations, or by concealment (Effected through words, action, or both) of that which should have been disclosed--which deceives and is intended to deceive another, so that he shall act upon it to his legal injury.
Cheating someone to gain something valuable usually by lying.
intentional deception resulting in injury to another person
a person who makes deceitful pretenses
something intended to deceive; deliberate trickery intended to gain an advantage
a Criminal Offence Any deliberate provision of false information or omission of information in order to obtain CSSA by deception is a criminal offence
a deliberate misstatement of a fact
Intentional deception resulting in unlawful gain. Back to Jump
Cheating someone by using deceit or trickery.
fraUd/ n. criminal deception
Fraud is any intentional lying or misrepresentation by policyholders or claims adjusters in order to inflate a claims payment or receive a claims payment that would otherwise not be paid.
(a) intentional perversion of truth in order to induce another to part with something of value or to surrender a legal right, (b) as determined by the date the fraud charge was made.
A broad term for all kinds of acts which have as their objective, the gain of an advantage, to another's detriment, by misrepresentation or deceit.
A willful attempt to deceive another party by providing false or misleading information.
Dishonesty used to deceive or cheat. In insurance, fraud may be related to misrepresentations or concealment, and may be grounds for voiding an insurance policy.
A broad term used to cover all kinds of acts. Generally, fraud is the commission of an act with the goal to benefit or gain advantage at another's expense. A purposeful misrepresentation with the intent to deceive.
An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of inducing another in reliance upon it to part with some valuable thing belonging to him or to surrender a legal right. A principal may be incompetent or negligent in managing the business or may be even willfully wasteful of the firm's assets, by gambling for instance, but unless creditors were at some point intentionally deceived on a material fact, the principal cannot properly be charged with fraud. The elements of a fraud are: 1. Intentionally false representation of fact; 2. Intent that the deceived person act thereon; 3. Knowledge that such statements would naturally deceive; 4. That the deceived acted to his injury.
The crime of obtaining another's property through lies and deceit.
Intentional deception aimed at improperly or illegally obtaining money or valuables from a person or institution.
The outright misrepresentation of facts with the direct intent to defraud either Medicare and/or an insurance company.
Any illegal acts characterised by deceit, concealment or violation of trust. These acts are not dependent upon the application of threat of violence or of physical force. Frauds are perpetrated by individuals and organisations to obtain money, property or services; to avoid payment or loss of services; or to secure personal or business advantage.
obtaining material advantage by unfair or wrongful means. It involves the making of a false representation knowingly, without belief in its truth or recklessness. (p. 254)
Deliberate attempts to disguise purpose or identity in order to obtain money, goods, services, access, or information.
In on-line auctions, fraud is the crime of intentionally misrepresenting an item, or intentionally omitting important facts about an item, in order to deceive a buyer into believing the item is more valuable than it actually is. Moreover, if a seller takes a buyer's money and then fails to send the buyer the merchandise, he has committed the crime of Mail Fraud.
Intentional deceit, breach of confidence, or misstatement or omission of materials facts to gain an unfair or dishonest advantage, which could cause a person harm by relying on these facts.
A deliberate misrepresentation that causes harm; an all-out effort by one party to deceive and cheat the other.
The conversion and obtaining of money or property by false pretense.
1. (an act of) deceitful behaviour for the purpose of making money, which may be punishable by law derogatory someone or something that is not what they claim or are claimed to be (L)
The intentional deception of someone who is thereby injured.
Lying or deceiving someone causing them to lose out, usually financially.
A deliberate deception for financial gain, wrongful receipt of goods and services. Stolen credit card numbers remain a problem for merchants.
Intentional misrepresentation or deceit by the debtor. For example, false information given in bankruptcy schedules, an inaccurate income statement, or a false Social Security Number on a credit card application. Proof of fraud usually involves proving the debtor's intent at the time.
Any intentional deception designed to unlawfully deprive the National Guard of something of value or to secure from the National Guard for an individual a benefit, privilege, allowance, or consideration to which he or she is not entitled. Such practices include, but are not limited to: 1. The offer, payment, acceptance of bribes or gratuities or evading or corrupting inspectors of other officials. 2. Making false statements, submitting false claims or using false weights or measures. 3. Deceit, either by suppressing the truth or misrepresenting material facts, or to deprive the National Guard of something of value. 4. Adulterating or substituting materials, falsifying records and books of accounts. 5. Conspiring to carry out any of the above actions. 6. The term also includes conflict of interest cases, criminal irregularities, and the unauthorized disclosure of official information relating to procurement and disposal matters. This can include any theft or diversion of resources for personal or commercial gain.
Any knowingly false or fraudulent statement for the purpose of obtaining or denying workers' compensation benefits. The penalties for committing fraud are fines up to $150,000 and/or imprisonment for up to five years.
An act of misrepresentation in the intent to delude.
The deliberate mis-use of an organisation's resources for private gain.
The intentional use of deceit, a trick or some dishonest means to deprive another of his/her/its money, property or a legal right.
Intentional concealment or misrepresentation with the objective of forcing an insurer to provide a benefit (such as paying a claim) which otherwise would not be provided.
Theft of money or other organisational resources by deception, trickery or cheating.
A deception, intended to wrongfully obtain money or property from the reliance of another on the deceptive statements or acts, believing them to be true.
Fraudulent conversion and obtaining money or property by false pretenses. Included are confidence games and bad checks, except forgeries and counterfeiting.
The intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of obtaining a resource from the person controlling it.
An intentional deception or representation known not to be true. To falsely represent facts knowing them to be wrong for the purpose of gaining an advantage or other result. The use of an intentional misrepresentation to induce another person to act in reliance on that false information to his/her financial or other detriment. Proof of fraud in a commercial agreement may relieve the party who has been defrauded from obligations under the agreement. Proof of fraud may subject the party who has perpetrated the fraud to fines, penalties, or criminal prosecution. Impasse A stalemate in negotiations. The parties are unable to move forward. The parties to a negotiation refuse to make concessions or explore options that could lead to an agreement. An impasse in negotiations may be broken by mutual agreement, by bringing a mediator into the negotiation, or by suspending negotiations for a period of time while the parties explore or review their positions within their own organizations, governments, or corporations.
An intentional perversion of truth; deceitful practice or device resorted to with intent to deprive another of property or other right or in some manner do him/her injury.
Deliberately deceiving someone with false information about yourself in order to gain an advantage.
a deliberate act committed by or against insurance companies for financial gain. Hard Fraud: intentional actions to create an accident, injury, or incident that would be covered under an insurance policy. Soft Fraud: when a policyholder exaggerates a claim or provides false, incomplete, or missing information to the insurance company during the application process to receive a lower insurance premium.
Any person who, knowingly and with intent to defraud, presents causes to be presented, or prepares with knowledge or belief that it will be presented to or by an insurer or purported insurer, or any agent thereof, any written statement as part of or in support of, an application for the issuance of or the rating of an insurance policy for compensation insurance or a claim for payment or other benefit pursuant to a compensation policy which he or she knows to (i) contain a materially false statement or representation concerning any fact material thereto, or (ii) omits any fact material thereto, shall be guilty of a class E felony.
the use of dishonesty, deception. or false representation in order to gain a material advantage or to injure the interest of others.
means an intentional deception, for unjust advantage, that causes loss or inconvenience to the party relying on the false or misleading statement. In contract matters, a fraud is the cause of an error bearing on a material part of the contract.
A deliberate deception to secure unfair or unlawful gain. False representation intended to deceive relied on by another to that person's injury. Fraud include fraudulent financial reporting undertaken to render financial statements misleading, sometimes called management fraud, and misappropriation of assets, sometimes called defalcations.
Any form of deceit, trickery, breach of confidence or misrepresentation by which one party attempts to gain some unfair or dishonest advantage over another. Unlike negligence, fraud is a deceitful practice or material misstatement of a material fact, known to be false, and done with intent to deceive, or with reckless indifference as to its truth, and relied on by the injured party to his or her damage.
Intentional misrepresentation, deception or concealment of information for the purpose of obtaining payment for medical, surgical and diagnostic services.
The act of leading a person to believe something which you know to be false in a situation where you know the person will rely on that thing to their detriment.
A deception deliberately practiced in order to obtain an unfair or unlawful gain.
Deliberate deception used for unfair or illegal advantage. Europol and the EU networks for police cooperation facilitate the exchange of information and cooperate to prevent and prosecute fraud. (See Judicial-criminal: Economic and financial offences, Customs, Organised crime: Prevention forum)
A false statement intended to deceive the insurer and induce it to part with something of value or surrender a legal right. May void a policy.
Deception carried out to attain personal gain while causing harm to another party.
The intentional concealment or misrepresentation of facts for the purpose of collecting insurance benefits or selling policies.
Intentional deception to deprive another person of property or to injure that person in some other way through misrepresentation.
An act by which someone intentionally deceives another party and induces that other party to part with something of value.
An intentional misrepresentation, concealment or omission of material fact done with the purpose of deceiving another which causes detriment to that person.
Occurs when intentional false statements are made to entice a victim to give up something of value.
Intentional deceit, such as giving false information on bankruptcy documents, including schedules; producing inaccurate income statement; using false personal identification (such as social security number)
An intentional misrepresentation, deceit or perversion of the truth. GARNISHMENT A method of satisfying an outstanding debt or judgment by seizing property or credits of the debtor held by a third party. GUARDIANSHIP A legal arrangement by which one person (a guardian) has the legal right and duty to care for another and his or her property. GRAND JURY A group of sixteen to twenty-three individuals impaneled to hear evidence to decide if probable cause exists that a crime has been committed and an indictment should be returned. GUARDIAN AD LITEM A person appointed by the court to look after the interests of an infant or an incompetent. HABEAS CORPUS The name given to a variety of writs or court orders whose primary purpose is to bring a party before a court or judge to determine if that person is being unlawfully deprived of his or her liberty. HEARSAY An out of court statement being offered for the truth of its contents. INCOME EXECUTION A method to satisfy a judgment by levying a portion of the defendant's wages.
A fraud is an intentional deception perpetrated to secure an unfair gain. Financial fraud, that is, a deception practiced on another party to cheat them out of money, is the most commonly discussed type of fraud. The term "research fraud" or "scientific fraud" is also used to mean an intentional deception about scientific results, a type of research misconduct.
Deliberate, deceitful conduct designed to manipulate another person to give something of value by (1) lying; (2) repeating something that is or ought to have been known by the fraudulent party as false or suspect; or (3) concealing a fact from the other party which may have saved that party from being cheated. The existence of fraud will cause a court to void a contract and can give rise to criminal liability.
the greatestelement of danger in psychical research, is now fairly wellunderstood and guarded against. From the time of the Hydesvillephenomena hardly any medium has been able to escape accusations ofcheating and more or less compromising exposures. See FRAUD.
encompasses an array of irregularities and illegal acts characterized by intentional deception. (280.01.1)
A deliberate fake influenced by self-interest and greed, and usually motivated by financial gain.
A deliberate act done with intent to deceive.
An act of willful deception and dishonesty carried out with a view to securing some advantage, profit, etc. to which one is not entitled, at the expense of another person or organization.
A misrepresentation of a material fact which is made with knowledge of its falsity and with intent to deceive a party who in fact relies on the misrepresentation to his or her detriment and injury. Fraud can result from words spoken or written, acts, or nondisclosure where there is a duty to inform. Fraud is a defense against the enforcement of a contract.
an intentional false representation, unfair scheme, or deceit intended to make another act in reliance to his or her detriment or in derogation of his or her right.
An action intended to deceive someone in order to improperly obtain a financial or other benefit, or to avoid an obligation.
An element of certain offenses, consisting of deceit or intentional misrepresentation with the aim of illegally depriving a person of his or her property or legal rights.
A false representation of fact knowingly made by an individual that induces another person to act upon representation.
The intentional use of deception to cause another person to suffer loss.
Deliberate deception that induces detrimental reliance.
A deliberate deception perpetrated for unlawful or unfair gain.
Deceit, trickery, sharp practice, or breach of confidence, to gain some unfair or dishonest advantage.
Deception or action intended to cheat. In insurance, ordinarily involves intentional misrepresentation or concealment.
The intentional and successful employment of cunning, deception, collusion; or artifice used to cheat or deceive another person whereby that person acts upon it to the loss of his property and to his legal injury.
A false representation of a matter of fact intended to deceive someone.
Wrongful practices such as offering free tests or services and billing the insurer or plan, or for charging for services not rendered.
The crime of getting money or other benefits by deceit or trickery.
A deception made for personal gain. It can be a deceiving against another person or the country itself.
A misrepresentation under a contract which typically makes the contract voidable; the use of any cunning, deception, collusion, or artifice, to cheat or deceive another person. The person must have acted or relied upon the misrepresentation in order to claim a loss due to fraud.
1) Methods used to deceive to cause unwarranted favorable decision for one's own benefit. 2) Deliberate misrepresentation or misstatement. 3) Concealment of facts which should at the time be made known.
Intentionally deceiving another person and causing her to suffer a loss. Fraud includes lies and half-truths, such as selling a lemon and claiming "she runs like a dream."
Willful misrepresentation by one person of a fact inflicting damage on another person.
Intentional lying or concealment by policyholders to obtain payment of an insurance claim that would otherwise not be paid, or lying or misrepresentation by the insurance company managers, employees, agents, and brokers for financial gain.
Intentional misrepresentation, concealment, or omission of the truth for the purpose of deception or manipulation to the detriment of a person or an organization. Fraud is a legal concept an the application of the term in a specific instance should be determined by a legal expert.
An intentional deception to cause a person to give up property or some lawful right. With respect to an insurance policy, it is a willful false representation, concealment, or deliberate action that is relied upon by the insurer and causes the insurance company economic injury. It is more serious than concealment and may carry the possibility of civil or criminal penalties.
False statements including statements made to state officials with the intent of wrongfully receiving public assistance. Within the child support program, fraud most commonly refers to the custodian receiving child support payments and not reporting them while receiving WFFA.
The intentional perversion of truth to deceive another person, whereby that person acts upon it to his legal injury.
Taking the possessions of another through deception or cheating, such as selling a person a desk that is represented as an antique but is known to be a copy.
In the broadest sense, a fraud is a deception made for personal gain. The specific legal definition varies by legal jurisdiction. Fraud is a crime, and is also a civil law violation.