a description of some part of reality by using monadic (collective) words or other monadic symbols
a general statement that systematically calls attention to regularities and patterns
an idealized model of how some aspect of reality works
an image, a general perspective on or a set of assumptions about international relations or world politics that influences what types of questions are asked and how one answers them
an organized sequence of propositions sustained by factors such as agreement with experience and the ability to be submitted to appropriate procedures of proof
an unproved proposition, assumed for the purpose of argument
a set of abstract principles which claims to be a correct description of some aspect of reality and/or a guide for successful human action
a set of axioms (denoted by A or B in the following)
a set of formulas
a set of interrelated concepts, definitions, and propositions that present a systematic view of essential elements in a field of inquiry by specifying relations among variables
a set of statements, including some lawlike generalizations, systematically and logically related such that the set implies some thing about reality
a set of statements, including some law-like generalizations, systematically and logically related such that the set implies something about reality
a substantive claim about the nature and organization of reality
A theory is usually a set of hypotheses, suggesting a form of causal connection between sets of variables. A well known example is Darwin's theory of evolution. When knowledge is described as , it's based on a theory, but when knowledge is based on actual data, it's known as empirical.
A logical Model of a system, comprising the set of Variable s and the set of Constraint s. Currently, L2 can have only Propositional Theories.