A classification of nouns, primarily according to sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed quality associated with sex.
The social characteristics associated with biological femaleness or maleness in any particular society; a set of social arrangements, patterns, structures, and institutions designed to produce and reinforce social differences between men and women.
Referring to the sex of an individual (male or female).
Significance of being male or female. (229)
Originally a grammatical term; adapted by feminist critics and scholars to distinguish socially constructed traits and values from sex (in the biological sense of reproduction and differentiation).
Another word for sex; we all have a gender either male or female.
the fact or condition of being a male or a female human being, especially with regard to how this affects or determines a person's self-image, social status, goals, and so on.
Whenever a personnel's gender is not indicated by the card's image, game text, title, or lore, that personnel is considered to be male. Gender may be male, female, or neuter (which includes androgynous, such as Soren). Borg drones are considered to have no gender, even if gender-specific pronouns are used in their lore.
Sex is a set of biological differences between people; gender is a set of social statuses built on the backs of those differences (brief definition). ender is a "mix and match" mode of self expression, and people within our culture are ever finding new ways to express their gender, with exciting subtleties and intriguing implicationsSome people, however, use gender to mean sex. This inconsistency in usage can lead to great confusion.
Homosexual men and women often refer to each other with cross-gender terms, for example, referring to a gay man as "She."
Refers to what a person, society, or legal system defines as "female" or "male."
Fashions are for the most part gender specific. There are some clothes, however that are worn by both boys and girls. In addition there have been eras when children and yoyhs have worn similar clothes. Unyil the 20th century both girls and younger boys wore dresses. After World War II, pants and other boyish garments began to become popular with girls.
The social differences that are ascribed to and learned by women and men, and that vary over time and from one society or group to another. Gender differs from sex, which refers to the biologically determined differences between women and men.
Sex | Transgendered (transsexual) | Drag | Drag Queen / Drag King | Gender Performer | FtM | MtF | Crossdressing | Woman | Man
a term referring to a social category that roughly corresponds to the physiological categories of male and female sex, but the dividing line is not as distinct. Further, as a social category, the distinguishing characteristics of gender are not universal, and they change across time and cultures. Individuals construct their own genders according to their appearance and behavior; it is possible for persons of male sex to present themselves in the world as having feminine gender, and vice versa. Sex and gender are often used interchangeably in informal usage but each has a precise and distinct meaning. Neither sex nor gender is a reliable predictor of a personâ€™s sexuality or sexual orientation. Contrast SEX.
Socially constructed roles and socially learned behaviour and expectations associated with females and males. Women and men are biologically different, but all cultures interpret and elaborate these innate differences into a set of social expectations about what rights, resources and power they possess.
Many students (and historians) find the concept of gender difficult to grasp, assuming it must either refer simply to women or to biological differences between the sexes. Mary Beard offers us an explanation which may be helpful. Gender, she says: "Is not a biological category; it is not a set of genital differences that makes half the world male and half the world female. It is rather a set of social and cultural differences that societies construct and constantly represent to themselves, to distinguish maleness and femaleness over a much wider spectrum". Thus we need to think not simply about what men and women did or did not do, but on how cultures "debated the differences between males and females; on what was implied by the ideas of maleness and femaleness". (Mary Beard, The Classic Woman?, vol. 43 (History Today, July 1993), p. 34. Studying gender in the context of early industrial England we will be examining why it was that the idea of a 'worker' came to be associated with men, why certain jobs were represented as belonging 'naturally' to either men or women and what kinds of conflicts arose out of these identifications.
From a Latin word literally meaning "type" or "kind," gender is usually taken to refer to sexual types or roles. In modern European cultures, only two genders are acknowledged, male and female, but in ancient southern European and in non-European cultures at all times, hermaphrodites as well as men who were impotent with women were conceived of as belonging to a third gender, which, depending on interpretation, might be neither male nor female, or both male and female.
whether you are male or female.
The culturally and socially constructed differences between females and males found in the meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with “femininity” and “masculinity.
The characteristics associated with being a male or a female; as distinguished from the term "sex" which is more ambiguous. Also sometimes used to merely refer to the state of being either male or female.
(Application/Registration) Some vests are gender specific male, female or either. ov't Census ID # (Registration) This is a system generated ID that is automatically assigned by the Database and is specific for each participating Jurisdiction.
Sexual identity as it relates to society and culture.
A term that refers to the culturally constructed differences between males and females. go to glossary index
The cultural categories and characteristics of men and women. The translation of sex into a folk taxonomy. Compare with sex.
System of sexual classification based on the social construction of the categories "men" and "women," as opposed to sex which is based on biological and physical differences and that form the categories "male" and "female."
Traditionally, gender has been defined as the linking of certain behaviors and characteristics to a particular biological sex (e.g., "being a man" as opposed to being male). Gender has more recently been described as the external representation of one's gender identity, usually expressed through "masculine" or "feminine" behavior, clothing, haircut, voice or body characteristics.
The culturally and socially constructed meanings, beliefs, and practices associated with sex differences.
One's social, personal and legal status as male, female or mixed, on the basis of somantic and behavioral more inclusive than the genital criterion and/or erotic criterion alone.
refers to the socially constructed roles ascribed to males and females and the resulting socially determined relations. These roles are learned, change over time, and vary widely within and across cultures. Gender is one of the key entry points for social analysis/ assessment. It is important to understand the social, economic, political, and cultural forces that determine how men and women participate in, benefit from, and control project resources and activities. A good analysis would highlight gender specific constraints, risks and opportunities.
A category of “male” or “female” as defined and created by society; not the same as the biological sex of male or female. Sometimes “sex” and “gender” are both used to mean biological sex, but “gender” really means how a society teaches a person to look, act, and think, based on whether the person is biologically male or biologically female.
characteristic of being male or female
Gender] a ternary feature arising on nouns and (personal) pronouns, ¶11-1-6. The English user can usually interpret the g. of a noun as something with that particular sex. Masculine g. corresponds to the male sex, feminine g. to the female sex, and neuter to neither, ¶11-3-2.
The grammatical distinction that labels nouns or pronouns as masculine, feminine, or neuter. In English, grammatical gender usually corresponds to natural gender.
Male and Female population totals.
Socially constructed patterns of behaviour recognised as feminine and masculine.
One's sex - male or female. GLOSSARY PAGE 2
"All things have gender": masculine and feminine at work to balance, rejuvenate, or be made whole. Respect for gender is necessary for generation; lack of respect causes degeneration.
(GEN·der). Gender is a cultural concept in reference to the clustering of specific behavioral traits, usually considered masculine (athletic, competitive, hansom, sexually potent, strong) or feminine (beautiful, nurturing, pretty, soft, sweet), defined by culture and attached to each sex by a society. These traits, however, are not unique to one sex or the other. Men and women share these characteristics which come together in each person in combinations of varying degree. Each trait or characteristic has a range of weak to strong elements, that is, being athletic is a matter of degree as is being competitive, soft, sweet, and the like. Gender, therefore, is largely a matter of the number and intensity of culturally defined masculine and feminine characteristics exhibited by an individual as perceived by another. See also gender role, sex and sexual preference.
A way to describe people. Some of these ways are male/female, man/woman, or boy/girl. A person's gender is decided during fertilization. A man's SPERM determine what the GENDER of a FETUS will be.
masculine (m.), feminine (f.), neuter (n.). A Latin noun has a given grammatical gender which may or may not correspond to its natural gender. An adjective takes on the gender of the noun that it modifies; this is called agreeing with its noun.
Male and female identities, constructed in social interaction.
2 types of gender are distinguished in linguistics --- natural gender, where items refer to the sex of real world entities, and grammatical gender, which has nothing to do with sex, but which signals grammatical relationships between words in a sentence and which is shown e.g. by the form of the article or the noun.
The assisted living facility serves male and/or female residents.
refers to understandings about `appropriate' feminine or `appropriate' masculine behaviours and characteristics; these are learned. Such understandings are not innate or natural, but are negotiated, challenged, reconstructed and resisted on an individual and collective basis. These understandings vary across different cultures, are informed by social class, and can change over time. Understandings of what is classified as `masculine' and `feminine', while often constructed as oppositions (that is, either `masculine' or `feminine'), need not be so. The challenge is to move beyond the binary opposition to see behaviours as a range of negotiated responses to different contexts rather than as reactions determined by biology.
Refers to an individual's male or female status and issues related to that status.
Gender is a system for allocating different elements in the sentence to the categories of masculine, feminine and neuter. In English gender is seen only in the link between Pronouns such as she and Nouns such as Susan, in other languages it affects Agreement of adjectives and Verbs with nouns. Gender is called ‘natural' when it correlates with sex, ‘arbitrary' when it does not, as in French la table (feminine, ‘table') and German das Madchen (neuter, ‘girl').
A term to describe the socially constructed differences between men and women, referring not only to individual identity and personality, but also at the symbolic level, to cultural ideals and stereotypes of masculinity and femininity and, at the structural level to the sexual division of labour in institutions and organisations.
a word that is used to describe the social differences between boys and girls or between men and women.
a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; "she didn't want to know the sex of the foetus"
Concerns roles and relationships of women and men, including how they cooperate and share work, make decisions, and exercise control in projects and programs. Projects must identify and address these differences and interrelationships to ensure that both men and women have the resources they require for their development.
the social differences between men and women, or boys and girls that are learned and can change with time (rather than the sexual differences which are biological)
Social and cultural expression of sex; not biological sex
Culturally defined roles and responsibilities for females and males that are learned, may change over time, and vary among societies. These include economic, social and cultural attributes and opportunities at a certain point in time.
a quality attached to a noun or pronoun that indicates an abstract category of the individuals are being referred to. Most English nouns are neuter, and English has singular pronouns that are masculine, feminine, and neuter ("he", "she", and "it", respectively). All Welsh nouns are either masculine or feminine.
Our identity as women and men — refers to the characteristics, roles, and values that a specific culture has determined to be feminine or masculine (Durno and Chanyapate 1995).
Data selected by male or female.
Sex determination (boy or girl).
Semantically significant inflectional categories of nouns; in many languages there is a more or less regular relation between gender and sex.
is a cultural notion of what it is to be a woman or a man; a construct based on the social shaping of femininity and masculinity. It usually includes identification with males as a class or with females as a class. Gender includes subjective concepts about character traits and expected behaviors that vary from place to place and person to person.
the social, mental, and emotional state associated with sex (sex being purely physical) and sex role stereotypes. Gender is masculine, feminine, neuter, or some combination thereof. It is not, as it is frequently used, synonymous with sex.
Refers to widely shared ideas and expectations (social and cultural norms) concerning women and men. These include ideas about how women and men should behave in various situations.
Socially acquired characteristic, and includes psychological, social and cultural characteristics, such as ideas about "masculinity" and "femininity".
"Gender" refers to the socially-constructed differences between men and women, as distinct from "sex", which refers to their biological differences. In all societies, men and women play different roles, have different needs, and face different constraints. Gender roles differ from the biological roles of men and women, although they may overlap. These roles can and do shift with social, economic, and technological change.
The meanings that societies and individuals attach to being female and male.
Gender is expressed in terms of masculinity and femininity. It is how people perceive themselves and how they expect others to behave. It is largely culturally determined.
The sex, either male or female, of a student.
A reference to the sex of the participants in a Match (e.g. Male, M, Female, F, Coed, B, Boys, G, Girls, etc.). The Gender is for a Match is set according to the charter for the Organization scheduling the Match.[p]This can also be a reference to the Gender of a single User (when used in the context of the User's Profile)
a cultural construct consisting of the set of distinguishable characteristics associated with each sex.
The behavioral, cultural, or psychological traits typically associated with a person's sex. Return to course
The distinction of nouns according to sex . (Luckily not something people learning English have to worry about much.)
NAEP results are reported separately for males and females, based on students' self-reported gender.
The word 'gender' is often used in place of the word 'sex' in equality issues. 'Gender' does not appear in legislation (except for 'gender re-assignment' - see below) but 'sex discrimination' and 'gender discrimination' are generally interchangeable.
The social roles of man and woman. Often misused as a synonym for sex.
A person’s gender refers to that individual’s affiliation with either male or female social roles. Gender differs from sex in the same way that ethnicity differs from race: gender is a sociological concept, while sex is a biological one.
refers to socially constructed differences and relations between men and women that vary by situation and context. Gender analysis requires going beyond statements about “women” and “men” to understand how historical, demographic, institutional, cultural, socioeconomic and ecological factors affect relations between women and men of different groups, which partly determine forms of natural resource management. Gender analysis focuses on the interaction of gender with other socially-important variables, such as age, marital status, economic roles, ethnicity, and migratory status.
Refers to a person's identity as a male or female
is the culturally specific set of characteristics that identifies the social behaviour of women and men and the relationship between them. Gender, therefore, refers not simply to women or men, but to the relationship between them, and the way it is socially constructed. Because it is a relational term, gender must include women and men. Like the concepts of class, race and ethnicity, gender is an analytical tool for understanding social processes.
sexual identity as male or female. grammar the part of language analysis that is concerned with how the sounds are used to make sense. Grammar consists of morphology and syntax. interaction distance the distance our bodies are physically apart while talking with each other. If two speakers have different comfortable interaction distances, a ballet of shifting positions usually occurs until one of the individuals is backed into a corner and feels threatened by what may be perceived as hostile or sexual overtures. As a result, the verbal message may not be listened to or understood as it was intended. Interaction distance is an aspect of proxemics.
The socio-culturally perceived or projected (self-identified) masculinity or femininity of a person. A personâ€(tm)s gender encompasses countless characteristics of appearance, speech, movement and other factors not solely limited to biological sex. Most societies tend to have binary gender systems in which everyone is categorised as male or female, but this is not universal. Some societies include a third gender role; for instance, the fa'afafine of Samoan society, fakaleiti of Tonga, the Native American two-spirit people, and the hires of India. There is debate over to what extent gender is a social construct and to what extent it is a biological construct. Gender associations are constantly changing as societies continually change. By 1980, most feminist writings had agreed on using gender only for socio-culturally adapted traits (adapted from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, entries relating to â€˜Genderâ€(tm), retrieved 12 December 2005). Items linked to this NZFVC Topic Area cover family violence research relating to gender as sets of socio-culturally adapted traits and the use of research methodologies and analyses based upon â€˜genderedâ€(tm) or feminist approaches.
A set of mutually exclusive word classes for nouns and pronouns. In many languages, the genders of pronouns correspond to the biological sexes, but the gender assignment for nouns is typically more arbitrary. This is illustrated in (1) for German, a language with three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. die Wache, das Mädchen the.fem sentinel the.neut girl 'the sentinel (male or female), the girl' der Hund, die Katze the.masc dog the.fem cat 'the dog (male or female), the cat (male or female)' der Tisch, die Tasse, das Fenster the.masc table the.fem cup the.neut window 'the table, the cup, the window English doesn't have gender as a grammatical category, since the so-called genders of pronouns like he and she simply correspond to the sex of the person being referred to.
A psychological construct which changes over time and is distinct from sex, which is an individual's biological or genetic state of maleness or femaleness.
Every pronoun includes corresponding pronouns of different genders or numbers or both, to the extent the context permits.
sex, or sexual identity. The condition of being female, male, or intersex.
Describes a computer plug or port by its components: male if it contains pins and female if it has sockets or holes.
grouping people by their sex rather than their skills or aptitude, or how they think and feel. See also diversity.
Gender refers to how an individual chooses to classify his/her own sex (female or male). If a person does not indicate a gender then student gender is labeled as unknown.
socially learned behavior and expectations associated with the two sexes. It also refers to the socially differentiated roles and characteristics attributed by a given culture to women and men.
Culturally and socially constructed relationships between men and women; the way we perceive things to be masculine and feminine.
Often a genteel term for distinguishing the male from the female sex. More precisely, the cultural attributes that attach to biological sex. In principle may be masculine (when more often than not it attaches to the male sex), feminine (more often than not with the female sex) or neuter (the 'gender' non-sexual or inanimate objects have). Gender identity is not to be confused with heterosexual (opposite sex) or homosexual (same sex) preference. See also: intersex See also: transsexualism
refers to those rules, norms, customs and practices by which biologically associated differences between the male and female of the human species are translated into socially constructed differences between men and women, boys and girls which give them unequal value, opportunities and life chances.
the social and cultural codes used to distinguish between what a society considers “masculine” or “feminine” conduct.
Ideas about what constitute maleness or femaleness, or what activities are masculine or feminine, as defined by cultural forces. Gender is different from sex: the biological statue of having organs specific to males or females. Both gender and sex are different from sexuality, as in heterosexuality or homosexuality; the nature of one's desire in relation to the kinds of people that excite it. These terms are useful simply because so many differing combination of gender, sex and sexuality exits.
Male or female. Return to previous page.
The government monitors our lending based on the sex of its applicants. We are required to ask for this information, but you are not required to provide it.
Categories of gender provided by the DPI on the December 1 Federal Data Collection Report includes male and female.
Biological state of male or female.
The physical attributes assigned to a male or a female.
Social phenomena associated with being male or female.
the social-cultural expression of a person's biological sex (or self-perception of one's sex, which may vary from the strictly biological). Sometimes used to mean expressly male or female.
In common usage, the word gender often refers to the sexual distinction between male and female. By contrast, in the social sciences, "gender" denotes a social, cultural, or psychological condition, as opposed to that of biological sex. The contrast between common usage and academic usage can cause confusion where the term gender is used within a single context because in the common usage gender comes from nature whereas in the academic usage gender comes from nurture.