a written symbol that is used to represent speech.
minimally distinctive unit of writing in the context of a particular writing system. For example, and are distinct graphemes in English writing systems because there exist distinct words like big and dig. Conversely, a lowercase italiform letter and a lowercase Roman letter are not distinct graphemes because no word is distinguished on the basis of these two different forms. publishing & printing
Graphemes are the fundamental units in an orthography or writing system. The Spanish grapheme ch, for example, is treated as a single entity in sorting and often considered a separate letter. However, it is covered in Unicode by two characters, c + h, not a single ch character. (Anderson, 2003: 3)
The unit of analysis in the study of written language i.e. the graphic signs used in the written form of the language.
Graphic representation of a phoneme in a particular language. Examples: j is the grapheme for the /d#/ phoneme in English and for /#/ in French.
Letters or groups of letters in an alphabet used to represent the phonemes (basic sounds) in a language.
a written language symbol representing oral language.
The alphabetic letter or letters that correspond to one particular phoneme, or sound. Examples: The grapheme, or letter, 't' corresponds to the phoneme, or sound, |t|.
The alphabetic letter or letters that correspond to one particular phoneme. Examples: The grapheme ´t´ corresponds to the phoneme |t|; the graphemes ´acute;´ and ´s´ correspond to the phoneme |s|; the grapheme ´c´ also corresponds to the phoneme |k|; the grapheme ´ph´ corresponds to the phonemes /f/.
A letter or letter combination that spells a single phoneme. In English, a grapheme may be one, two, three, or four letters, such as , ei, igh, or eigh.
a letter, combination of letters, or a symbol used to represent a phoneme, syllable, or word
a one of the set of symbols used to represent sounds -- it is a spelling of a particular sound
a 'spelling unit'
a visual signifier which has a distinctive value in the graphological system of a given written language system
a written or printed representation of a phoneme. In English, a grapheme may be a single letter or a group of letters.
A written symbol, such as a letter, or group of letters, that is used to represent a single phoneme. For example the grapheme represents the phoneme /d/ as in the word "dog", and the grapheme ph represents the phoneme /f/ in the word "phantom". Not that although ph is made up of two letters, it is only one grapheme, representing just one phoneme. This is in contrast to a consonant blend, which consists of two or more graphemes that represent two phonemes, e.g. bl is actually two graphemes, and representing two phonemes, /b/ and /l/, that are blended together into what sounds like a continuous sound.
The written symbols for sounds in language; ie letters of the alphabet or a character in picture writing (as in Japanese kange).
A unit (a letter or letters) of a writing system that represents one phoneme; a single symbol that has one phonemic correspondent within any particular word.
the smallest unit in the writing system of a language
a printable base character which may have been modified by zero or more combining characters (for example 'a' followed by combining-acute-accent).
The smallest unit of a writing system. A grapheme may be one letter such as or combination of letters such as sh. A grapheme represents one phoneme.
A symbol or a letter that represents a sound.
written symbols or letters of the alphabet; arbitrary, abstract, and usually without meaning; the written equivalent of phonemes.
One or more letters representing one speech sound.
a letter or a group of letters representing one sound, e.g. sh, ch, igh, ough (as in 'though')
The smallest identifiable unit of writing; not divisible; the abstract concept of a letter of the alphabet (Huber & Headrick: Handwriting Identification Facts and Fundamentals, 1999).
Smallest distinctive written unit in language system. McGowan argued that English has one grapheme s with a set of allographs, variations of the same abstract common graph, Ss sS and different script- forms.
anything that functions as a distinct unit within an orthography. A grapheme may be a single character multigraph, or a diacritic, but in all cases graphemes are defined in relation to the particular orthography.
In typography, a grapheme is the atomic unit in written language. Graphemes include letters, Chinese characters, Japanese characters, numerals, punctuation marks, and other glyphs.