The art of employment of an historiographer.
The Chambers dictionary definition of 'historiography' is 'the art or employment of writing history'. The word "art" implies creativity and suggests that although we may strive for objectivity, history is always subject to interpretation. When you are asked to examine historiographical debates you are expected to assess the relative merits of the different interpretations and perspectives which historians place upon their subject matter and period.
A scientific approach to the study of history to uncover, or discover, patterns of behaviors that may help to understand present day behaviors.
The reconstruction of the past based on a critical examination of ancient materials.
the writing of history
the study of how history is constructed. It involves the critical analysis and evaluation of the reliability of evidence, as well as the way history has been written in the past
the critical examination of the study and theory of history
Historiography is the study of the practice of history. This can take many forms, including the study of historical method and the historical development of history as an academic discipline. The term can also be used to refer a specific body of historical writing.