A chemical process causing the splitting of a chemical bond by the addition of the elements of water. Where the bond which is split is not part of a ring structure, this process causes formation of two compounds from one compound plus water, as in the hydrolysis of the ester bonds of fats during saponification.
Hydrolyysi Hydrolys Decomposition of a complex molecule and reaction with water to form a least two smaller molecules. A substitution reaction in which a molecule of water replaces a leaving group in a compound.
division into simple components by the addition of water.
A chemical reaction involving water that results in the breakdown of mineral material.
A catch-all term for any reaction in which the water molecule is split.
Occurs when a compound reacts with water, essentially the chemical breakdown by the addition of water to replace a covalent bond.
The splitting of a compound into fragments by the addition of water, the hydroxyl group being incorporated in one fragment and the hydrogen atom in the other.
A form of chemical weathering in which ions from water replace equivalently charged ions from a mineral, especially a silicate.
A chemical reaction in which water reacts with a compound to produce other simpler compounds.
(Greek, hydro = water + lysis = breaking) Breaking the bond between two building blocks by adding a water molecule, reversing the dehydration-condensation reaction.
Reaction in which a covalent bond is cleaved with addition of an H from water to one product of the cleavage and of an OH from water to the other.
The chemical process of decomposition involving the splitting of a molecule and the addition of a water molecule.
Chemical decomposition requiring water, The decomposition of starch into sugars during mashing is one example of hydrolysis. Certain polyphenols from hops hydrolyze into simpler phenolic compounds. Some tannins are not susceptible to hydrolysis and are therefore tough to break down.
Decomposition of a substrate by reaction with water.
A chemical action involving water. In the case of organic compounds, it involves decomposition by interaction with water.
a process of chemical digestion whereby nutrients are split into simpler elements by the addition of water to molecules.
Decomposition or alteration of a chemical substance by water.
The rupture of a chemical bond by a reaction that involves water.
A common biochemical reaction in which the bond between two molecules is split by the addition of a water molecule. Hydrolysis is the process that breaks down polymers and dimers. The reverse is dehydration synthesis.
Literally, breaking down (lysis) by water. A reaction in which a molecule (often an ester or an amide) is broken down into two or more smaller molecules through the reaction with one or more water molecules. An example is the hydrolysis of ethyl acetate by water to give ethanol and acetic acid.
A chemical decomposition process involving the breaking of a bond and the addition of a water molecule.
The technical description of "hydrolysis" is the chemical decomposition involving the splitting of a bond (within a molecule) and the addition of hydrogen or water. This process is typically used to describe a form of decomposition that videotape undergoes where the binder on the tape base absorbs water from the surrounding environment, and loses its adhesive properties.
The splitting of a molecule with the addition of water in the presence of heat and pressure, as in processing. Decomposition of a substance by reaction with water.
A chemical reaction between water and organic compounds, particularly esters, ketones, and alcohols. This reaction can lead to breakdown of some proteins.
A chemical reaction in which a linkage between subunits of a large molecule is broken; a molecule of water enters the reaction and becomes part of the end products
Cleavage of a covalent bond with accompanying addition of water, - H being added to one product of the cleavage and - OH to the other.
Reaction of a CFC with water . Acids are generally formed.
Replacement of cations in the structure of a silicate mineral with hydrogen ions, resulting in the decomposition of the mineral.
Decomposition of organic compound with water.
Literally, "splitting apart with water." Hydrolysis is a reaction that takes place during deterioration of cellulose, sizing compounds, and other organic and inorganic materials. It is facilitated by heat, enzymes, catalysts and low pH, and consists of the formation of new substances from parts of the original molecule when the OH from the water joins up with one part of the molecule and the H joins up with the other part.
When water reacts with another substance and as a result the oxygen in water makes a bond with the substance. Back to .
the process of tearing down a polymer (a large molecule formed of long chains of similar molecules) by adding a molecule of water.
Chemical reaction in which a molecular linkage is broken and a molecule of water is utilized. Starch is hydrolyzed to produce glucose; water is a necessary component of the reaction.
The attack of labile bonds in dissolved drug molecules by water with resultant molecular changes.
the splitting apart of a molecule with water.
Cleavage of organic carbon bonds where water is used in the reaction.
A reaction in which a molecule of water is added at the site of cleavage of a molecule to two products.
Hydrolysis is a digestive process during which chemical compounds break apart at the water bonds. This degrading process results in new compounds.
When a material, particularly plastic, degrades as a result of exposure to water.
Literally "cleaved by water," a reaction in which the chemical bond attaching an atom or group of atoms to the rest of a molecule is severed, followed by attachment of a hydrogen atom at the same point.
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A chemical reaction in which a covalent bond is broken with accompanying additon of water - a protein (H+) is added to one product and a hydroxyl (OH-) to the other.
Cleavage of a covalent bond brought about by water; the H- and -OH of water typically become attached to the respective cleavage fragments.For example
A chemical reaction of a substance with water, leading to decomposition or other change of substance.
A chemical reaction in which water reacts with another substance, either dust or the filter media, breaking the chemical links and creating two or more substances. The presence of water in a baghouse is a significant detriment to the filter media. See also Dew point
A double decomposition reaction involving the addition of the elements of water and the formation of an acid and a base, an acid and an alcohol, or an acid and phenol.
A chemical reaction in which a compound reacts with water, resulting in its decomposition or alteration.
Chemical reaction in which the bonds in a compound are split as the result of the presence of the hydrogen in water
The process of breaking peptide or other bonds using a water molecule.
A chemical reaction that releases sugars, which are normally linked together in complex chains. In ethanol production, hydrolysis reactions are used to break down the cellulose and hemicellulose in the biomass.
The chemical process in which scission of a chemical bond occurs via reaction with water. The polyester chemical bonds in tape binder polymers are subject to hydrolysis, producing alcohol and acid end groups. Hydrolysis is a reversible reaction, meaning that the alcohol and acid groups can react with each other to produce a polyester bond and water as a by-product. In practice, however, a severely degraded tape binder layer will never fully reconstruct back to its original integrity when placed in a very low-humidity environment.
The decomposition of a compound by means of water (or the OHâ€“ ion), the water also being decomposed in the reaction.
A chemical reaction in which the fluid reacts with water so as to be changed into other substances. See also hydrolytic stability.
A chemical reaction where water reacts with a substance to change itto another substance or substances.
Chemical decom- position of a substance involving the addition of water.
Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction in which water reacts with another substance to form two or more new substances. This involves ionization of the water molecule as well as splitting of the compound hydrolyzed, e.g. CH3COOC2H5 + H2O CH3COOH + C2H5OH Examples are conversion of starch to glucose by water in presence of suitable catalysts and reaction of the ions of a dissolved salt to form various products, such as acids, complex ions, etc.
(4) a chemical reaction of a compound or ion with water in which water is split into H+ and OH-.
a destructive reaction with water that some polymers (e.g. urethanes, acrylates) can undergo
A chemical reaction, the decomposition of a chemical by taking water, hydrogen chloride when mixed with water turns into hydrochloric acid.
Splitting of one molecule by addition of water.
The splitting of a compound into parts by the addition of water between certain of its bonds, the hydroxyl group being incorporated into one fragment, and the hydrogen into the other.
A chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with water so as to be changed into one or more other substances, such as natural fats into glycerol and fatty acids
The chemical reaction between water and a compound usually a salt. The hydroxyl from water combines with a cation from the compound resulting in hydrolysis to form a base. The hydrogen from water reacts with the anion from the compound to form an acid.
A chemical process resulting from reactions with water; frequently used in reference to the breakdown of polymers.
Decomposition or alteration of chemical substances by water.
the break down of a mineral by chemical reaction with water.
A chemical action involving water - decomposition in which a compound is split into other compounds by taking up water.
Breaking up of a substance into other substances by reaction with water.
The chemical reaction of a triglyceride with water forming glycerine and free fatty acids.
The reaction of a substance with water or its ions.
The chemical reaction of a molecule with water to produce two or more smaller molecules. Specific hydrolysis processes may be catalysed by acids, alkalis, or enzymes according to type of reaction. Hydrolysis is the underlying reaction in the enzyme- or acid-catalysed conversion of starch into maltodextrins and glucose syrups.
the addition of the elements of water to a substance, often with the partition of the substance into two parts, such as in the hydrolysis of an ester to an acid and an alcohol.
A chemical reaction that uses water to break down a compound.
The interaction of water with a material resulting in decomposition.
The reaction of the breakdown of proteins and carbohydrates into soluble fractions by either acids or enzymes in water.
The chemical degradation of an RO membrane in water due to certain conditions such as high pH. Cellulose based membranes are quite susceptible to hydrolysis while the TFC type are virtually immune.
(hì-dròl¹î-sîs), chemical reaction of a compound with WATER, usually resulting in the formation of one or more new compounds. The most common hydrolysis occurs when a salt of a weak acid or weak base (or both) is dissolved in water. Water ionizes into negative hydroxyl ions (OH-) and positive hydrogen ions (H+), which become hydrated to form positive hydronium ions (H3O+). The salt also breaks up into positive and negative ions, and the formed ions recombine. 1 Hydroxylate
The process of dissolution or decomposition of a chemical structure in water by chemical or biochemical means.
The chemical decomposition of a substance by reaction with water.
The breakage of a chemical bond through the addition of a water molecule; the reverse of dehydration synthesis.
Process of decomposition involving splitting of a bond and addition of the elements of water.
a chemical reaction activated by humidity
the chemical process by which a compound is split into fragments by the addition of water.
The process of making a complex substance into a simpler molecular structure through the use of water.
breakdown process that occurs in anhydrous hydraulic fluids as a result of heat, water, and metal catalysts (iron, steel, copper, etc.)
The chemical reaction of fat with water to form glycerol and free fatty acids.
Hydrolysis refers to the cleavage or breakage of bonds by reaction with water or moisture. All polyesters degrade eventually, with hydrolysis being the dominant mechanism.
A chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with water and becomes a different substance. This involves the ionization of the water molecule as well as splitting of the compound hydrolyzed.
The process by which a substrate is split to form two end products by the intervention of a molecule of water, or the reaction of a substrate with a water molecule.
The decomposition of organic compounds by interaction with water.
Chemical decomposition of a substance involving the addition of water.
A chemical reaction in which a substance reacts with water and becomes a different substance. Example: The reaction of a salt with water to form an acid and a base.
The process in which water chemically reacts with minerals and breaks them down.
Hydrolysis is the process by which a molecule is split in two by the addition of a water molecule, which has the chemical formula H2O. One of the parts gets an OH from the water molecule and the other part gets an H from the water.
A chemical reaction in which water is used to break down a compound. This is achieved by breaking a covalent bond in the compound by inserting a water molecule across the bond. The opposite of this is a dehydration-condensation reaction. find all NHC pages containing: hydrolysis
Hydrolysis is a chemical reaction or process in which a chemical compound reacts with water.Compendium of Chemical Terminology, http://goldbook.iupac.org/H02902.html hydrolysis, accessed 2007-01-23.Compendium of Chemical Terminology, http://goldbook.iupac.org/S05762.html solvolysis, accessed 2007-01-23. This is the type of reaction that is used to break down polymers. Water is added in this reaction.