the process of converting neutral atoms or molecules into ions. The process may occur by dissolving an ionic substance in a dissociating solvent, such as water, or by adding or subtracting an electron to or from an atom or molecule. The latter process occurs, for example, in an electron beam in a mass spectrometer and by interaction of substances with ionizing radiation.
Process of removal of the outermost electron(s) from an atom. Click here for more details.
Any process by which a neutral atom gains or loses electrons, thus acquiring a net charge. High temperatures, electrical discharges or nuclear radiations can cause ionisation.
The process of adding or removing an electron to/from an atom thereby creating a charged atom (ion)
A process in which an ion is created from a neutral atom or molecule by adding or subtracting one or more electrons.
Removal of electrons from an atom, for example, by means of radiation, so that the atom becomes charged.
The process of adding electrons to, or removing electrons from, atoms or molecules. This creates ions.
The process of ionizing through the conversion of in whole or in part of an ion.
Breaking up molecules into ions, which are positively or negatively charged atoms.
Dissociation; the breakdown of a molecule in solution to form ions.
Ions are molecules of the gases in air (nitrogen, oxygen, water vapor, and carbon dioxide) that have lost or gained electrons. Ionization systems work by increasing the conductivity of the air with the charged gas molecules. When ionized air comes in contact with a charged surface, the surface attracts ions of the opposite polarity. As a result, the static electricity is neutralized.
adding or subtracting electrons from an atom; alternatively, the dissociation of a solute into ions.
The production of ions from neutral atoms or molecules by some process. For example, exposure to ionizing radiation.
the process of stripping electrons from their atomic orbits by radiation
The process of adding to or removing from an electrically neutral atom or molecule one or more of its electrons.
The process of splitting a molecule into a positive and a negative ion.
The gaining or losing of electrons by an atom. If an atom loses an electron(s), it becomes a positive ion. If an atom gains an electron(s), it becomes a negative ion.
The process by which a neutral atom gains or loses an electron thereby becoming an ion.
Breaking up of molecules into two or more oppositely charged ions; an ion is one of electrified particles into which molecules are divided by the use of water and other solvents.
The process of giving an atom an electrical charge.
the formation of ions from polar solute molecules by the action of the solvent. (see dissociation)
The process by which an electrically neutral atom acquires a charge (either positive or negative).
The process by which a neutral atom or molecule loses or gains electrons, thereby acquiring a net electrical charge. When charged, it is known as an ion.
The process of removal of an electron from an atom forms a positive ion. The process of attachment of an electron to an atom creates a negative ion.
the condition of being dissociated into ions (as by heat or radiation or chemical reaction or electrical discharge); "the ionization of a gas"
the process of ionizing; the formation of ions by separating atoms or molecules or radicals or by adding or subtracting electrons from atoms by strong electric fields in a gas
Ionization is the process of disassociating atoms or molecules as when they are subject to electrical discharge. An ion is an atom, group of atoms, or molecule having an electric charge by virtue of gaining or losing electrons from three initial neutral configuration.
The process by which a neutral atom or molecule acquires or loses an electric charge. The production of ions.
The process that creates ions. Nuclear radiation, X-rays, high temperatures, and electric discharges can cause ionization.
The process whereby one or more electrons is removed from a neutral atom by the action of radiation. Specific ionization is the number of ion pairs per unit distance in matter, usually air.
The process by which the dielectric fluid become electrically conductive between the electrode and workpiece.
Ionization occurs when an atom becomes loses or gains one or more electrons. The atom will no longer be electrically neutral, but will have an overall charge. Absorbing Radiation
The process by which electrons are removed or added to atoms to create ions. Radiation that possesses enough energy to remove orbital electrons is called ionizing radiation.
The process of adding or removing electrons so as to form ions. Ionization can be caused by high temperatures, electrical discharges, or nuclear radiation.
a process whereby ions are separated and/or exchanged
The process of adding one or more electrons to, or removing one or more electrons from, atoms or molecules, thereby creating ions. High temperatures, electrical discharges or nuclear radiation can cause ionization.
The process by which ions are produced, typically by collisions of electrons, ions, or photons.
Ionization is the process of breaking molecules into smaller pieces. Each piece has an electric charge that can be detected.
Formation of electrically charged particles. Can be produced by high-energy radiation such as light or UV rays, or by collision of particles in thermal agitation.
a chemical reaction that results in creating ions (charged particles); a drug is said to ionize when it becomes active
Process by which an atom or molecule acquires a net electric charge as a function of the gain or loss of one or more electrons.
The process by which an atom gains or loses electrons.
The process by which a neutral atom or molecule acquires a positive or negative charge.
The process by which electrons are removed or added to atoms, thereby turning them into ions.
The formation of or separation into ions by heat, electrical discharge, radiation, or chemical reaction.
A process that occurs by adding or removing electrons to or from an atom or molecule, resulting in the formation of ions.
The process in which atoms lose or gain electrons.
The splitting (dissociation) of molecules into negatively and positively charged ions.
Phenomenon in which an atom, a molecule, or radical either gains or loses one or several electrons, thereby endowing it with an electric charge. Ionization is used in numerous industrial processes to modify the chemical or biological properties of different substrates (materials).
In aqueous solution, the process in which a molecular compound reacts with water and forms ions.
Production of charged particles in a medium. An orbital electron is stripped from a neutral atom, producing an ion pair (a negatively charged electron and a positively charged atom).
The formation of ions. Ions are produced when polar compounds are dissolved in a solvent and when a liquid, gas, or solid is caused to lose or gain electrons due to the passage of an electric current.
The process by which ions are produced, typically occurring by collisions with atoms or electrons ("collisional ionization"), or by interaction with electromagnetic radiation ("photoionization").
This is the production of charged particles from neutral atoms. ( See below).
the process by which a neutral atom, or a cluster of such atoms, becomes an ion. This may occur, for instance, by absorbtion of light ("photoionization") or by a collision with a fast particle ("impact ionization"). Also, certain molecules (such as table salt or sodium chloride, NaCl) are formed by natural ions (like Na+ and Cl-) held together by their electric attraction, and they may fall apart when dissolved in water (which weakens the attraction), enabling the solution to conduct electricity.
to cause an electrically neutral atom to lose or gain electrons and become an ion.
The process whereby a neutral atom or molecule becomes negatively or positively charged by acquiring or losing an electron.
The process by which an atom loses or gains electrons.
The process by which the ions are produced, happening typically by collisions with atoms or electrons ("ionization of the collisional"), or by the interaction with the electromÃ¡gnetica radiation ("photoionization").
The process by which neutral atoms of molecules are divided into pairs of oppositely charged particles known as ions.
The process in which a chemical combination breaks up into simpler electrically-charged components (individual atoms or groups of atoms) called ions.
The removal or addition of an electron from or to an atom so that the resulting atom (ion) has a net positive or negative charge.
The process of producing ions. The electrically charged particles produced by high-energy radiation, such as light or ultraviolet rays, or by the collision of particles during thermal agitation.
The process of becoming an ion.
The process where radiation and particles from the Sun make some of the Earths atmosphere partially conductive.
a device that is used where effective grounding cannot be employed to bleed off static charges, such as a charged insulator. Ion generation is usually accomplished using a high-voltage emitter system.
stripping an atom of one or more of its electrons.
Ionization is the physical process of converting an atom or molecule into an ion by changing the difference between the number of protons and electrons. This process works slightly differently depending on whether an ion with a positive or a negative electric charge is being produced. A positive electric charge is produced when an electron bound to an atom or molecule absorbs enough energy from an external source to escape from the electric potential barrier that originally confined it.