Metonymy from the Greek words [ meta] meaning 'change,' and [ onoma] meaning 'name.' Thus it is a name or figure of speech which represents something else which is associated with it in some fashion. For example, if we're drinking water, and we ask if we can 'have another glass,' the word glass is a metonymy for more water. Metonymy is similar to Synecdoche, but uses substitutes for things which are more commonly related to it. In other words it is a replacement word which stands in for some concept on the basis of it's relationship. For example, when we read in scripture, 'Make a joyful noise unto the Lord, all ye lands,' the word 'lands' is a metonymy for all the people of world. Or when Christians say that 'we were saved by the cross,' we are using a metonymy (the cross) to stand in for the whole work, atonement and suffering of Christ for our sins. It is thus a linked substitute term, and thus a metonym. What makes a synecdoche and metonymy different is that in metonymy, the word you use is linked to whatever you are really talking about, but isn't actually a part of it. In Synecdoche it is a part of it. [ back
A trope in which one word is put for another that suggests it; as, we say, a man keeps a good table instead of good provisions; we read Virgil, that is, his poems; a man has a warm heart, that is, warm affections; a city dweller has no wheels, that is, no automobile.
type of metaphor; the image used to represent the object is closely associated with it--e.g., what contains it, what causes it, what stands for it, etc.
A figure of speech in which the name of one thing or concept is used in place of the name of something associated with it or which it symbolizes. Examples are crown for king and bottle for strong drink. See also FIGURE OF SPEECH
(COD 8) the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant (eg. Crown for king, the turf for horse-racing).
A trope or figure of speech in which the name of one thing is substituted for the name of something ordinarily associated with it. When it is said that the White House announced its decision today to reject the budget being prepared by Congress, the name of a building is being used metonymically.
n. a word used as a substitute for another associated with or suggested by it. For example, "Parliament has decided" instead of the Prime Minister has decided.
substituting the name of a thing for that of another closely associated with it (i.e., the White House said today)
substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in `they counted heads')
a figure of associated ideas in which the whole if put for the part, the part for the whole, the container for the thing contained, as substance for the thing made of it, or one thing put for another closely associated with it
a figure of speech built on the contiguity relation between literal and figurative term
a simile or metaphor intended to represent something (e
A semantic link established between two words based on contiguity of meaning or an actual physical connection between them.
The substitution of one word for another of similar meaning. Using the term 'Washington' to refer to the US government is an example of metonymy.
a trope where something is referenced by words closely associated with that thing.
Metonymy, also called denominatio or pars pro toto, is a figure of speech using a part to describe the whole. Example:â€œ King David warred with the Philistines.â€ (David represents the armies that David commanded)
(Gk. meta 'other' + onyma 'name'; Âà»y¡BÉ¥N): 'Substitute meaning'; an associated idea names the item: "Homer is hard." for "Reading Homer's poems is hard."
A figure of speech in which one word is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. For example, in the expression The pen is mightier than the sword, the word pen is used for "the written word," and sword is used for "military power."
the use of the name of one thing for something else with which it is associated. Example: Neil reads Shakespeare while driving a Ford.
The literal term for one thing that is applied to another with which it is closely associated because of contiguity in common experiences. For example: The writer and his work - "I have read all of Milton" can be used to signify the writings of Milton.
A type of metaphor that uses a closely associated object as a substitute for the original object, as in, "City Hall spoke today with civic leaders," meaning that the mayor spoke with the civic leaders.
Referring to a concept by an attribute of it. For example, the crown referring to a monarch. See also synecdoche.
a figure of speech in which an attribute is substituted for the whole
figure of speech whereby a thing or idea is represented by another thing or idea that has some association with it, as in ‘the gate' being used to represent the attendance at a football match.
Figure of speech where the name of the object being described is substituted for something closely related to it. For example, 'the crown' is often substituted for 'the monarchy'. Other examples include 'the press' for newspapers and 'the bench' for the judiciary.
In rhetoric, metonymy is the substitution of one word for another with which it is associated.
the study of metaphors and their actual meanings
Describing or naming one thing by something similar. Meaning is inferred. Ex: "The fat lady sings."