The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called crude petroleum, mineral oil, or rock oil.
That portion of the distillate obtained in the refinement of petroleum which is intermediate between the lighter gasoline and the heavier benzine, and has a specific gravity of about 0.7, -- used as a solvent for varnishes, as a carburetant, illuminant, etc.
One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha, from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead, Scotland); crude naphtha, or light oil, from coal tar; wood naphtha, from wood, etc.
A generic term applied to a petroleum fraction with an approximate boiling range between 50°C and 205°C.
Volatile petroleum distillate for cleaning. Use with local exhaust ventilation.
Volatile petroleum based solvent such as benzine or gasoline (but not kerosene).
A petroleum solvent used as a thinner for paint, lacquer, and asphalt.
A petroleum distillate for clean up and thinning solvent-based coatings.
Another name for petroleum distillates (see below)
A refined product, between jet and gasoline in specific gravity, which is used as a feedstock for the petrochemical industry (eg, ethylene manufacture or aromatics production) and as a refinery feedstock for reforming. Comprises material in the 30 to 210 degree centigrade distillation range, or part of this range.
Naphtha, which also contains some aromatics, is the primary source from which petrochemicals are derived.
A group of various volatile highly flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures used mainly as solvents. The color may be reddish-brown or colorless.
petroleum fraction containing mostly aliphatic hydrocarbons.
a colorless liquid product of petroleum distillation that is used as a manufacturing solvent, a dry-cleaning fluid and a gasoline-blending stock.
Am ambiguous term which may mean high flash naphtha (mineral spirits), or low flash naphtha (petroleum, ether, low boiling ligroin) or something altogether different. Flash point and explosive limits vary. The term naphtha is so ambiguous that it should not be used.
see Petroleum distillates
any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
A petroleum distillate used mostly by professionals (as opposed to do-it-yourself painters) for cleanup and to thin solvent-based coatings. A volatile organic compound (see VOC).
An oil distillate. Naphta is an intermediate product between gasoline and kerosene. It is known as a light product because of the low molecular weight of the hydrocarbons making it up.
Any low boiling refinery stream. Gasoline is made by blending several virgin and treated naphthas.
Can be used for motor gasoline blending and can supply other petrochemical feedstocks. Itâ€™s a byproduct of the Synfuels Plantâ€™s coal gasification process.
A refined petroleum product in the lighter classification that is often used to make gasoline.
A volatile, colorless product of petroleum distillation. Used primarily as a paint solvent, cleaning fluid, and blendstock in gasoline production.
A petroleum distillate solvent used mainly by professional painters to thin solvent-based coatings and to clean up.
a refined product, between jet and gasoline in specific gravity, which is used as a feedstock for the petrochemicals industry â€“ such as for ethylene manufacture or aromatics production â€“ and as a refinery feedstock for reforming. Comprises material in the 30Â°â€“210Â° Celsius distillation range or part of this range.
A product of crude oil or condensate refining which boils in roughly the same range as motor gasoline. In general, the naphtha distillation range spans from a bit less than 100 F, the boiling point of pentanes, through 300-400 F, depending on the intentions and needs of the refiner. The trade refers to this entire C5 to 300-400 F cut as whole or full-range naphtha. Refiners often produce two separate naphtha cuts when they distill crude, a light and a heavy fraction. They have rule-of-thumb boiling ranges of C5 through 175-200 F and 175-200 through 300-400 F. Refiners obtain naphthas from conversion units in addition to the straight-run streams from crude distillation. Catalytic crackers and cokers, in particular, produce cracked streams which boil in the naphtha range. See light naphtha, heavy naphtha, hydrocrackate, naphthenic naphtha, paraffinic naphtha, and whole naphtha.
A low-octane member of the gasoline family used as a feedstock by the chemicals industry, as a feedstock for catalytic reforming, and in the production of hydrogen.
Liquid petroleum that is obtained as a by-product of oil refining. Heavy naphtha is the starting point for gasoline production. Light naphtha is the most important feedstock for steam crackers.
A generic term applied to a petroleum fraction with an approximate boiling range between 122 and 400 degrees Fahrenheit.
A loosely defined petroleum fraction containing primarily aliphatic (linear) hydrocarbons with boiling points ranging from 125o to 240o C. It is thus intermediate between gasoline and kerosene, and contains components of both. Its principal uses are in solvents and paint thinners and as a raw material for the production of organic chemicals, but it has been used as a raw material for the production of synthetic natural gas.
A light fraction of crude oil used to make gasoline.
A volatile, colourless product of petroleum distillation. Within the refinery, naphtha is used primarily in motor gasoline production, via catalytic reforming and blending with straight-run gasoline from crude distillation. Naphtha is also a feedstock for petrochemical production, and is sold as a paint solvent, and as a fuel.
One of the lightest cuts of the atmospheric distillation process that is vaporized at a temperature range of 5-165 degrees Celsius. Naphtha can be used as a feedstock for both gasoline manufacturing and petrochemicals depending on its quality, with light or paraffinic naphtha usually used in petrochemical plants and heavy or N+A naphtha usually used in reformers at refineries to make gasoline.
Naphtha (not to be confused with Naphthalene) is a group of various liquid hydrocarbon intermediate oil refining products used primarily as feedstocks for producing a high octane gasoline component via the catalytic reforming process. Naphtha is also used in the petrochemical industry for producing olefins in steam crackers and in the chemical industry for solvent applications.