Of, pertaining to, or named from, the Neanderthal, a valley in the Rhine Province, in which were found parts of a skeleton of an early type of man. The skull is characterized by extreme dolichocephaly, flat, retreating forehead, with closed frontal sutures, and enormous superciliary ridges. The cranial capacity is estimated at about 1,220 cubic centimeters, being about midway between that of the Pithecanthropus and modern man.
pertaining to or designating the Neanderthal race, or Neanderthal man, a species of extinct robust humans, believed to have been widespread in the Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia; as, a Neanderthal skull.
A neanderthal human being; a member of the race Homo sapiens neanderthalensis; as, neanderthals were shorter than modern humans.
One resembling a neanderthal human; a troglodyte; a cave man.
form of Homo sapiens living from 100,000 to 30,000 years ago who were not direct ancestors to humans
extinct robust human of Middle Paleolithic in Europe and western Asia
relating to or belonging to or resembling Neanderthal man; "Neanderthal skull"
An extinct form of early human that was present in England and Europe between c. 350,000 and 30,000 BP, distinguished by a squat strong body, a jutting facial region, receding chin and large brow ridges. Brain size was similar to, or larger than, modern humans. Neanderthals were rapidly replaced by anatomically modern humans in middle of the last ice age — the precise details of how and why this took place remain murky, but it is clear that modern humans are not evolved from Neanderthals but from an older African lineage, and that Neanderthals became extinct without giving rise to any descendant human species.
The Neanderthal (IPA pronunciation: ), (Homo neanderthalensis) or Neandertal was a species of the Homo genus that inhabited Europe and parts of western Asia. The first proto-Neanderthal traits appeared in Europe as early as 350,000 years ago. By 130,000 years ago, full blown Neanderthal characteristics had appeared.