A fine translucent or semitransculent kind of earthenware, made first in China and Japan, but now also in Europe and America; -- called also China, or China ware.
Ceramic made of kaolin and petuntse and fired at high temperatures. Distinguished from earthenware by its impermeability and from this and stoneware by its translucency.
True hard porcelain is a mixture of kaolin, flint, and feldspar that is fired at an extremely high temperature, resulting in a vitreous, glass-like, white to bluish white paste. Soft porcelain is not as vitreous as hard porcelain. Hard porcelain is somewhat translucent and soft is opaque.
a hard, high-fired, fine-grained clay body which is glassy-white and sometimes translucent.
Hard, fine ceramic with a transparent glaze.
a type of ceramic made from crushed rock and clay; the body is usually white in colour and finely potted
Fine ground white clay, molded and fired in an oven for eight hours at 1200 degrees, finished with a glazed or underglazed finish. Glazing produces a high gloss; underglaze produces a matte finish. Bisque is a matte finish without glaze.
True oriental porcelain, also known as hard-paste, contains china clay, feldspar and silica; it is fired at about 1300 ºC or higher, is translucent when thin, usually white and extremely hard. In the West, various bodies eg soft-paste porcelain and bone china, were made in imitation of true porcelain.
form of pottery, first developed in China in the 9th Century, which fuses kaolin clay and feldspar to produce an extremely strong and fine ceramic.
Very hard, translucent, glassy ceramics composed primarily of kaolin and pegmatite, containing a high level of silica. Developed in China, eventually duplicated in the early 18th century at Meissen in Germany, followed by Sebres and other European sites, before successful manufacture took place in England. True porcelain is also known as hard paste. Early English attempts to manufacture porcelain led to alternatives known as soft paste. Hard paste porcelain is fired at considerably higher kiln temperatures than soft paste.
Vitrified, translucent ceramics, which have been fired at a temperature of at least 1 280'C. Most accepted definitions of this term also require that the body material is white when fired. In China the glaze and body are usually fired together and form a thick body/glaze layer, which makes the material very strong. Usually the primary components of a Chinese porcelain body are China clay and China stone.
A hard fine grained non-porous and translucent ceramic ware consisting of kaolin, quartz and feldspar and fired at very high temperatures.
feldspathic rock which is combined with kaolin to make true porcelain
A clay body that, when fired, is usually hard, white, non-porous and translucent.
The highest firing temperture clay body. It is a fine particle clay, composed of china clay, feldspar and silica. [ sand ] Porcelain is white. It can be very thin and translucent. It is often decorated with glze and / or on glaze enamal. When it was first imported to Europe in the 17th century, porcelain was considered a technical wonder. It was first called hard paste. At that time, the clay bodies and glazes of Europe were almost entirely earth colors; browns, yellows, reds, and the like. Tin glazes were created to fill the demand for white ware.
A material made of fired quartz and kaolin clay that is strong and chip-resistant and is easily molded into delicate forms.
A hardy clay body that is generally glassy white, sometimes transparent.
is strong, glasslike, and translucent. High-quality china made from the same clay mixture in bone china -- minus the bone ash -- porcelain may look delicate, but it is extremely durable and chip resistant. It's best to wash porcelain by hand, but check with the manufacturer to see if it's dishwasher safe.
Fine porcelain is made from firing china stone and china clay (i.e., kaolin) at extremely high temperatures. Ancient artifacts indicate that the first porcelain was found to be produced during the T'ang Dynasty in 6th A.D. Porcelain is marked by a white or very light, translucent surface with great durability. The beauty and durability of porcelain makes it ideal for dinnerware, decorative vases, and other fine objects for the home - often kept as family heirlooms. For an example of porcelain-made wedding favors, please see the Solilei Porcelain Slipper, Marikei Porcelain Hatbox, Azuevo Porcelain Egg, Emélie Footed Box, and the Fiovalé Keepsake Egg. They are ideal for a fairy tale wedding. Porcelain is a popular alternative to both ceramic and polyresin-made containers, which break more easily. Read more about fairy tale inspired wedding favors or Christmas wedding favors.
A hard, translucent ceramic made by firing and glazing a fine clay
The generally accepted definition of porcelain is that of a white, vitrified, translucent ceramic, fired to a temperature of at least 1280oC. The body of most Chinese porcelain is made from a mixture of China clay and China stone, and the body and glaze are usually fired together in a single firing, forming an integrated body/glaze layer.
White stoneware, made from clay prepared from feldspar, china clay, flint and whiting.
Hard, transparent, nonporous white clay, fired at a very high temperature used for decorative tiles and fine tableware.
The purest form of kaolin clay mixed with feldspar and quartz to be fired at high temperatures to produce ceramic objects of white, hard and translucent appearance.
A hard, dense and, generally, white ceramic substance, impermeable and usually glazed.
ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic
A durable ceramic composite made by firing clay, feldspar and quartz together.
Material created by fusing ceramics at high temperatures so that a hard substance/glass is formed resembling tooth enamel.
a vitrified, fine white clay, quartz, and feldspar mixture that has a hard surface; hard porcelain is fired to about 1450°C (2650°F) while soft porcelain is fired to about 1200°C (2200°F); compare with stoneware and pottery.
a hard, translucent clayware body that differs slightly from china in ingredients and manufacturing processes; the terms can be used interchangeably
Is made of fine white clay which is fired in a kiln to about 2,000°F. Think Wedgewood
A hard, non-porous pottery. True porcelain is made of kaolin or china clay.
a fine, hard china, baked at a very high temperature.
a translucent, vitrified ware, fired at high temperature until hard (and brittle like glass) and ready for decoration and later use.
A ceramic made of kaolin clay, quartz and feldspar and fired up to 1,450Þ Celsius. It's noted for its translucency and ring when tapped.
A clay formation that fires to a fine translucent bisque and is vitreous (non-porous) at maturity.
A hard, totally vitreous clay, generally fired at high temperatures. It is usually white or gray and free of impurities. In some cases, when thin, the clay will be translucent.
a special type of clay either white or grey, to which kaolin (a white firing stiff clay) and white China stone (finely decayed granite, washed and prepared as small white blocks) is added. When fired at temperatures of 1,280°C and over (up to 1,400°C was achieved by the Chinese), the body vitrifies, ie it becomes completely impermeable. Glazes can be applied for the first firing, or the vessel can be decorated with a low-firing glaze and put back into the kiln a second time.
a hard, translucent, clayware body that differs very slightly from china in ingredients and manufacturing process. In most respects the two are so much alike that the term may be used interchangeably.
A ceramic ware fired to the highest temperature ranges and often used for dinnerware, vases, and smaller sculpture.
Porcelain is a combination of kaolin, silica and feldspar. You can work with porcelain as you would clay, but when you fire it correctly, the result will be similar to that of glass.
Hard translucent and vitrified pottery fired at up to 1400°C.
A ceramic ware that consists of kalin, quartz and feldspar, and is white. Fired at high temperatures on steel to make the surface of bathtubs and kitchen sinks.
A white ceramic ware that consists of kalin, quartz and feldspar. It is fired at high temperature on steel to make the surface of some bathtubs, kitchen sinks and bathroom lavatories.
This is a ceramic material that is fired in ovens called kilns at very high temperatures to form a tough and durable enamel substitute for covering problem teeth. (See Enamel).
A white highly virtified clay body that is translucent where thin (often fired up to 2462°F). The translucency is a result of silica glass fused into the fired clay. To achieve this, a high amount of flux is added to a kaolin based clay body. The flux to clay ratio is often flux clay, indeed some of the original Chinese porcelains had as lillte as 20% clay like minerals. The low clay content makes porcelain very difficult to throw and trimming wares is almost unavoidable. The plasticity of porcelain can be improved by small additions (2%) of white bentonite.
Type of ceramic tile made using very fine, high quality materials with high silica/porcelain content. Fired at much higher temperatures they are typically much less porous than other tiles and do not always require sealing. Can be glazed or unglazed. Can also be smooth or textured and even mechanically polished like natural stone.
A ceramic, tooth-colored material that fuses at high temperatures to form an enamel-like substance which is very hard and durable.
A ceramic, tooth-colored material that fuses at high temperatures to form a hard, enamel-like substance.
A vitrified, white and translucent ware fired at 1300 C.(2372 F.) plus. At this temperature, the body and glaze mature together to create a very thick body-glaze layer. First made by the Chinese in the 8th century.
A glazed or unglazed vitreous ceramic whiteware used for technical purposes. This term designates such products as electrical, chemical, mechanical, structural, and thermal wares when they are vitreous.
Hard, fine white ceramic ware.
A clay body that requires a high fire to become vitreous.
Today, the term porcelain is used loosely to describe shaped clay fired at extremely high temperatures, much higher than used in conventional china manufacture. When shaped thin enough, porcelain is translucent, as is bone china. As a matter of fact, the recipe for both porcelain and bone china are closely aligned. The term "bone china" however, indicates that calcified animal bone ash (usually 25% to 50% of the total mixture) has been added tot he basic batter of white clay and pulverized stone.
a white, translucent, vitrified clay body fired at a very high temperature (1250Âºâ€“1450ÂºC). Hard-paste Porcelain â€“ "true" or Oriental-type hard-paste porcelain is made from white china clay ( kaolin) and china stone ( petuntse or feldspar, a silicate of potassium and aluminum). These two ingredients are fired together at a high temperature (1250Âºâ€“1350ÂºC) to produce a glassy matrix. Soft-paste Porcelain â€“ sometimes referred to as "artificial" porcelain, soft-paste porcelain is made without kaolin. France was the first to successfully manufacture this type of porcelain in the 17th century.
Sometimes referred to as true porcelain, it first appeared in China using a mix of kaolin, petuntse and quartz.
(Soft Paste) Made from similar ingredients to hard paste porcelain but without the kaolin.
A ceramic ware, fired in the highest temperature ranges and often used for fine dinnerware, vases, and sculpture.
a very high-fire clay that can withstand the highest temperatures in the kiln, and vitrifies to an exceptionally hard, dense, and durable surface. Paradoxically, the item might be quite fragile because porcelain can be formed very thin -- but chemically, the broken shards of something made of fine porcelain will last a long time.
considered to be the most refined of all ceramic wares, porcelain is a hard, white, nonporous, fine-grained ceramic body which is usually translucent, as opposed to earthenware, which is porous and opaque. porcelain was first made in china, hence its common name "china". chinese porcelain is less glass-like (and therefore softer) than its modern european counterpart, which was developed in germany in the early 18th century. good porcelain rings when struck, while a bad or cracked piece will not. there are three types of porcelain: hard-paste, soft-paste and bone china. hard-paste porcelain, which often has a grey appearance and is extremely hard, is first fired at 900c - 1000c and then glaze fired at 1350c - 1400c. soft-paste porcelain was first produced in europe in 1738. softer and more granular than hard-paste porcelain, it is first fired at 1200c - 1300c and then glaze fired at 1050c - 1150c. bone china is a hybrid hard-paste porcelain containing 20-60% bone ash, which is added in order to create an ivory white appearance. bone china is first fired at 1250c - 1300c, and then glaze fired at 1100c - 1150c .
Porcelain fine ground white clay molded and fired in an oven for eight hours at 1200 degrees. Finished with a glazed, under glazed or “bisque” finish. Glazing produces a high gloss; under glaze produces a matte finish without glaze. After finishing, the item is “cooked” for six hours at 800 degrees.
A hard, white translucent ceramic made by firing pure clay.
A durable, non-absorbent ceramic that is fired at the highest kiln temperatures.
A fine type of fired clay.
Introduced in Europe by Marco Polo after his excursions to China, true porcelain is a very high-fired (2300+ F) white ware, which, when thin enough, has a translucent quality. At these high temperatures, the body and the glaze mature together, creating a thick bonding layer. This gives porcelain great strength and durability. Due to many difficulties of working with porcelain, several imitations have been developed. These are referred to as china, bone china, and sometimes erroneously as porcelain. Although they may not have the same high qualities as true porcelain, they may be perfectly adequate for use and will most likely be less expensive. See also china, bone china, earthenware, stoneware.
is a clay body which, when fired, becomes very mature and usually translucent. Porcelain is normally quite white and fires to a very smooth pleasant surface. Porcelain clays lack iron impurities and are ground to very fine particle sizes. Plastic porcelain clays tend to be shorter than their stoneware or earthenware counterparts. Porcelain casting slips achieve the whitest and most translucent results.
A hard, translucent clayware body that differs from china only in the manufacturing process. In all other aspects, the two are so much alike that the terms are generally used interchangeably.
A fine grained clay that is fired at high temperatures to create a white, non-porous, and extremely hard ceramic ware. First produced in China about 900 A.D. during the T'ang Dynasty.
Hard, fine, high-fired material made from china clay, feldspar and silica. It is white and translucent. Also known as hard paste.
A sand like, tooth colored material consisting mainly of feldspar, kaolin and flux. It fuses at high temperatures to form a hard, enamel-appearing substance.
This is a ceramic material which is fired in an oven, called a kiln, at very high temperatures in order to form a tough and durable enamel substitute for covering problem teeth. (See Enamel).
originating in China, true porcelain is made from kaolin (china clay) although in Europe it was imitated usually using white clay and ground glass to produce soft-paste porcelain
Porcelain is a ceramic material made by heating selected and refined materials often including clay in the form of kaolinite to high temperatures. Raw materials for porcelain, when mixed with water, form a plastic paste that can be worked to a required shape before firing in a kiln at temperatures between about 1200 and 1400 degrees Celsius. The toughness, strength, and translucence of porcelain arise mainly from the formation at high temperatures of glass and the mineral mullite.