The region of a DNA molecule to which RNA polymerase binds to initiate the process of transcription, i.e. the synthesis of RNA whose sequence is determined by the sequence of the DNA adjacent to the promoter site; also, the sequence of bases in the DNA at such a promoter site.
A control region of a gene that determines in which tissue and at what time points a gene product is produced.
The DNA sequence bound by RNA polymerase and transcription factors during the initiation of transcription.
DNA sequence associated with genes where RNA polymerase binds to initiate transcription.The nucleotide sequence TATAA, known as the tata box, comprises the canonical promoter sequence in protein coding genes.
Nucleotide sequence in DNA to which RNA polymerase binds to begin transcription.
A DNA sequence which regulates gene expression.
the nucleotide sequence, upstream of a gene, that acts as a signal for RNA polymerase binding.
a portion of DNA where RNA polymerase attaches to begin transcription.
Site on DNA where RNA polymerase binds and initiates transcription (Lecture: The Bacterial Cell: Structure, Function, Growth, and Gene Regulation III, 1/31/02)
The nucleotide sequence, upstream of a gene, to which RNA polymerase binds in order to initiate transcription.
DNA sequence that initiates transcription of a gene to produce mRNA, used in genetic engineering to direct cells to manufacture a protein of interest.
A segment of DNA that acts as a controlling element in the expression of a gene.
The region of an operon that acts as the initial binding site for RNA polymerase.
DNA sequence that determines the site of transcription initiation for an RNA polymerase.
DNA region in front of or near the coding sequence of a gene. The promoter binds RNA polymerase and thus controls transcription of the gene.
The part of a gene that acts as an on/off switch to control when and where in the plant the gene product is made.
a control or regulatory sequence that is a region of a nucleic acid sequence at which initiation and rate of transcription are controlled
a DNA fragment which causes transcription of genetic material
a DNA molecule, and can be isolated from cells or synthetically constructed based on the desired nucleotide sequence
a DNA sequence that directs the binding of RNA polymerase and thereby promotes RNA synthesis, i
a DNA sequence that directs the transcription of a gene, such as a structural gene, an antisense gene, a ribozyme gene or an external guide sequence gene
a DNA sequence where RNA polymerase initiates transcription
a DNA switch responsible for turning genes on and off, and controlling the gene's work area and level of activity
a double-stranded DNA or RNA molecule which is capable of binding RNA polymerase and promoting the transcription of an "operably linked" nucleic acid sequence
a genetic region which initiates the first step in the expression of an adjacent gene transcription
an expression control element formed by a DNA sequence that permits binding of RNA polymerase and transcription to occur
an oriented DNA sequence that points the RNA polymerase in one direction, and this orientation determines which DNA strand is copied
a region of DNA that is involved in binding of RNA polymerase (and associated factors) to initiate transcription
a regulatory nucleotide sequence that stimulates transcription
a regulatory sequence of DNA that is located upstream of a gene and to which proteins (transcription factors and RNA polymerase) bind, to initiate the synthesis of mRNA and, subsequently, protein
a regulatory sequence that is involved in binding RNA polymerase to initiate transcription of a gene
a special DNA nucleotide sequencethat forms a recognition site for the enzyme required for gene expression the synthesis of messenger RNA using the DNA sequence of the gene as atemplate you may wish to read What the Heckis a Gene
a specific sequence of DNA that designates the beginning of a gene that will encode a specific protein
a stretch of genetic material that acts as a switch for turning genes on
DNA sequence in a gene which initiates the productive ‘reading’ (rather than simply the replication) of that gene
A short base sequence which is positioned close to the 5" end of a gene and acts as a recognition and binding site for the RNA polymerase complex prior to transcription of the gene.
A segment of DNA near the beginning of a gene that controls if and when the gene is actually expressed. Promoters can be specific for certain tissues such as roots, seeds, etc.
DNA sequence required to start transcription of a gene (synthesis of a RNA strand)
the name for a DNA sequence serving as a marker or binding region for the transcriptase
A regulatory element that specifies the start site of transcription.
An upstream portion of a gene responsible for its activation and deactivation.
A DNA sequence that regulates where, when, and to what degree, an associated gene is expressed.
A nucleotide sequence that acts as a signal for the binding of RNA polymerase for a particular gene.
A region of DNA, usually in front of a gene, that helps regulate that gene's expression.
A substance that in very small amounts is able to increase the activity of a catalyst. A DNA sequence that directs RNA polymerase to bind and initiate, transcription of genes or operons.
pro-MOW-ter A control sequence near the start of a gene that attracts RNA polymerase and transcription factors. 327
A regulatory elements that specifies the start site of transcription.
the part of a DNA sequence recognised as the signal for the start of a gene.
A region of DNA that regulates the level of function of other genes.
DNA segment located at the start of a gene's coding sequence that provides a binding site for the enzymes that initiate transcription.
a region of DNA involved in binding the enzyme that synthesizes RNA from the DNA
A DNA sequence that regulates the expression of a gene
DNA sequences near the beginning of genes that signal RNA polymerase where to begin transcription.
The part of a gene that contains the information to turn the gene on or off. The process of transcription is initiated at the promoter.
Piece of DNA that helps ensure that a modified gene works properly.
The speciÞc nucleotide sequence in DNA that marks the beginning of a gene. PICTURE
A DNA sequence that is located in front of a gene and controls gene expression. Promoters are required for binding of RNA polymerase to initiate transcription.
DNA sequence regulating gene expression; the nature of the promoter determines which transcription effectors will stimulate or repress the gene. The promoters can be functional in a tissue-specific manner, or activated in particular biological conditions
a segment of DNA that acts as controlling element in expression of a gene. Marks the place of the beginning of gene transcription.
a region on a DNA molecule to which an RNA polymerase binds and initiates transcription
a region of DNA involved in binding of RNA polymerase to initiate transcription. Return to text.
A piece of genetic material that acts as a gene switch, so that a gene can become expressed in the cell. It is the region at which the RNA polymerase binds to start transcription. Most promoters are located upstream of the gene, except that some eukaryotic genes have promoters internal to the gene.
a DNA sequence preceding a gene that contains regulatory sequences influencing the expression of the gene.
Gene control element extending 150-300 bp upstream from the transcription start site. Contains binding sites for RNA polymerase and a number of proteins that regulate the rate of transcription of the adjacent gene.
a segment of DNA located at the "front" end of a gene, which provides a site where the enzymes in involved in the transcription process can bind on to a DNA molecule, and initiate transcription. Promoters are critically involved in the regulation of gene expression.
a region of DNA that RNA polymerase binds to in order to initiate transcription of DNA into RNA.
Target binding sites on a DNA strand for RNA polymerase or other proteins which control gene expression.
A regulator region a short distance from the 5 end of a gene that acts as the binding site for RNA polymerase.
A site on DNA to which RNA polymerase will bind and initiate transcription.
Part of DNA in a gene that controls expression, like a switch that turns the gene on or off.
A DNA sequence that regulates gene expression.
a DNA codon found near the beginning of a gene that tells RNA polymerase where to start transcribing RNA.
Short stretch of DNA to which RNA polymerase can bind and start transcription.
The short sequence on nucleotides on DNA that start the transcription of RNA by RNA polymerase.
A chemical agent that causes the expression of a gene or the change in the way that it acts.
A region of DNA to which RNA polymerase binds before initiating the transcription of DNA into RNA.
A region of DNA, usually upstream of a coding sequence, that binds RNA polymerase and directs the enzyme to the correct transcriptional start site. ( 10)
a specific region of the DNA sequence that signals where RNA synthesis should begin. They are the major regulators of gene activity
A promoter is a DNA sequence that contains the information, in the form of DNA sequences, that permits the proper activation or repression of the gene which it controls, i.e. whether RNA is synthesized or not. The promoter contains specific sequences that are recognized by proteins known as transcription factors. These factors bind to the promoter DNA sequences and the end result is the recruitment of RNA polymerase, the enzyme that synthesizes the RNA from the coding region of the gene.