The upper stratum of the earth; the mold, or that compound substance which furnishes nutriment to plants, or which is particularly adapted to support and nourish them.
The surface accumulation of sand, clay, and humus that composes the regolith, but excluding the larger fragments of unweathered rock.
the naturally occurring, unconsolidated mineral or organic material at the surface of the earth that is capable of supporting plant growth. It extends from the surface to 15 cm below the depth at which properties produced by soil-forming processes can be detected. The soil-forming processes are an interaction between climate, living organisms, and relief acting on soil and soil parent material. Unconsolidated material includes material cemented or compacted by soil-forming processes. Soil may have water covering its surface to a depth of 60 cm or less in the driest part of the year.
A layer of weathered, UNCONSOLIDATED material on top of bed rock; often also defined as containing organic matter and being capable of supporting plant growth.
an accumulation of weathered rock material together with organic matter at the Earth's surface.
not to be confused with dirt which is nothing more than misplaced soil. Soil you find in the garden, dirt you find on the bottom of your shoes and in your house. Elements found in soil include sand and clay and has to do with the size of the soil particles. Other elements such as rocks and organic matter also contribute to the makeup of a soil.
primarily clay, sand, silt, organic matter, and living organisms making the top layer of earth's crust.
The top layer of the earth's surface, which is composed of tiny rock particles mixed together with decaying organic matter.
The surface material of the continents, produced by disintegration of rock. Regolith that has undergone chemical weathering in place.
Complex mixture of inorganic minerals (clay, silt, pebbles, and sand), decaying organic matter, water, air, and living organisms.
Soil is comprised of small rock and mineral particles (which from the smallest to largest are clay, silt, and sand), organic material, air, moisture, and living organisms. Together, air and water can make up about half the volume of healthy soil. In a soil heavy with clay, water and air will have difficulty penetrating, which leaves soil organisms and plants to suffer. On the other end of the spectrum, the large size of sand particles prevents them from holding water and nutrients in the soil. Silt falls somewhere in between. Loam soil, which is a mixture of all three , is generally accepted as a preferred growing medium.
The upper layer of earth which may be dug.
The top layer of the Earth's surface, containing unconsolidated rock and mineral particles mixed with organic material.
The outer, weather layer of the earth's crust that has the potential to support plant life. Soil is made up of inorganic particles, organic matter, microorganisms, water, and air.
Unconsolidated earth material composing the superficial geologic strata (material overlying bedrock) consisting of clay, silt, sand or gravel size particles as classified by the U.S. Soil Conservation Service, or a mixture of such materials with liquids, sludges or solids which is inseparable by simple mechanical removal processes and is made up primarily of soil by volume based on visual inspection.
A natural, three-dimensional body at the earth's surface. It is capable of supporting plants and has properties resulting from the integrated effect of climate and living matter acting on earthy parent material, as conditioned by relief over periods of time.
A porous layer of mineral and organic matter at the earth's surface, formed as a result of the action of chemical and biological processes on rocks over a period of time.
All loose (unconsolidated) material between the ground surface and the underlying bedrock, including stream, river, and glacial sediments.
Sediments and other accumulations of solid particles produced by the chemical and physical disintegration of rocks, and which may or may not contain organic matter.
Naturally occurring, loose material that forms the upper layer of the Earth – made up primarily of very small particles of inorganic and organic mineral matter.
The unconsolidated cover of the earth, made up of mineral and organic components, water and air and capable of supporting plant life. Soil finer than sand but coarser than clay, but not so fine that it can remain suspended in water for long periods. The grain size is considered to be less than 0.0625 mm.
The top few meters of regolith, generally including some organic matter derived from plants.
In pedology, a dynamic natural body on the surface of the earth which supports plant growth and is composed of mineral and organic materials and living forms.
A natural body synthesized over time from a mixture of inorganic and organic parent materials, now supporting living plants. Soils with depth have natural horizons (layers) that give them their properties. Such properties include texture, color, structure, and bulk density.
The upper layer of earth that may be dug or plowed and in which plants can grow.
the part of the earth's surface consisting of humus and disintegrated rock
material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use); "the land had never been plowed"; "good agricultural soil"
an extremely complex environment where physical, chemical and biological properties are very much interconnected
a porous material, with the pores or interstices existing between the particles
the ground, the earth
Unconsolidated mineral and organic material that supports, or is capable of supporting, plants, and which has recognizable properties due to the integrated effect of climate and living matter acting upon parent material, as conditioned by relief over time.
the earth in which vines grow ; also known by the French term terroir. Soils contain innate characteristics which, together with grape variety and climate, affect the taste of a wine
rock material that has been altered by physical, chemical, and biological agents to produce a medium that will support plant life.
the dirt and other materials that make up the top layer of earth
The loose surface area of the earth where plants grow
a mixture of weathered rocks and minerals, decayed organic matter, living organisms, air and water.
unconsolidated earthy materials which are capable of supporting plants. The lower limit is normally the lower limit of biological activity, which generally coincides with the common rooting of native perennial plants.
Soil is a living breathing complex mixture of minerals, organic matter and living organisms. It provides support for plant roots, and is a source of water and nutrients essential for plant growth.
A natural, three-dimensional body at the earth's surface, capable of supporting plants, with properties resulting from climate and living plants and animals acting on earthy parent material, as controlled by relief over periods of time
The interface between rocks and plants. Medium that is made of both organic and inorganic material.
The top layer of the earth's surface, composed primarily of rock, minerals and decomposed matter from dead plants or animals.
The top layer of the earth surface not covered by water.
A complex mixture of weathered mineral materials from rocks, partially decomposed organic molecules, and a host of living organisms.
Soil has tiny bits of rock and dead plants and animals in it. Soil has living and nonliving things in it.
All loose, unconsolidated earth and organic materials above bedrock that support plant growth. more details...
Weathered rocks and minerals combined with air, water and organic matter that can support plants.
A naturally occurring mixture of minerals, organic matter, water and air which has definite structure and composition and forms on the surface of the land.
All unconsolidated materials naturally found at the surface of the earth, such as clays, silts, sands, and small rocks.
The loose surface material of the earth's crust.
The surface material (mineral materials, organic matter, water, and air) of the continents, produced by disintegration of rocks, plants, and animals and the biological action of bacteria, earthworms, and other decomposers. The four fundamental groups of soils are: gravels, sands, loams, and clays.
the mineral and organic material on the immediate surface of the earth that serves as a natural medium for the growth of plants.
Series - The lowest category in the U.S. system of taxonomy, analogous to a species in classification of plants and animals. Soils that comprise a soil series have horizons that are similar in thickness and arrangement. They will also share close similarities in physical, chemical, and mineralogical makeup.
The uppermost weathered layer of the earth's crust. The following sub-division is recognized:- Surface soil (often spoken of as the soil). The more or less completely weathered surface layer, rich in soluble material and containing a relatively higher proportion of organic matter and fine earth; also called top-soil The zone of aeration and intense root and microbiological activity . Sub-soil. The layer immediately below the surface soil which is incompletely weathered and contains much less of soluble ingredients, organic matter and fine earth.
The loose surface material of the earth in which plants grow. (Webster, 3d ed)
A dynamic natural body composed of mineral and organic materials and living forms in which plants grow.
Sediment that has undergone changes at the surface of the Earth, including reaction with rainwater and the addition of organic material.
(4) the upper portion of non- lithified material that has been altered over a period of time as a result of plant growth, climate (including moisture and temperature effects), drainage, macro- and microorganism activity or topographical position, producing a product - soil - that differs from the parent materia l (regolith) in many physical, chemical , biological processes and morphological properties. Soil can develop from both natural and anthropogenic parent materials. Soil either serves as or has the potential to serve as a medium for the growth of terrestrial of wetland plants.
sediment on or near the Earth's surface that is formed by the chemical and physical weathering of rocks as well as the decay of living matter
(1) Earth, dirt. (2) An organic matter as embedded in a synthetic carpet that mold and fungi can grow on.
that portion in which plants grow, a mixture of organic and inorganic material, containing living organisms..
soil is the loose material in the Earth's crust; soil consists of water, air and solid particles that have been formed over time by the weathering and disintegration of rocks; the solid particles in soil consist of sands, clays and silts; the coastal plain on which the Greater Houston Area sits is part of a wedge of sediment that dumped to the Gulf of Mexico by the Trinity and San Jacinto Rivers over the past few million years; the sediment that is our soil comes ultimately from the Rocky Mountains and other interior areas of North America
The surface layer of earth where plants grow. Gardeners often wait until the soil is warm before planting seeds.
Upper layer of Earth's surface used as the natural medium for plant growth.
A geological material derived from the weathering of rocks.
In engineering work a soil is any earthen material, excluding hard bedrock, composed of 1) loosely bound mineral Transfer interrupted! 3) gases. In agriculture, a soil is the loose surface material capable of supporting plant growth, and having properties resulting from the integrated effect of climate and living matter on the decomposition of bedrock and surficial deposits.
tiny rocks, sand, silt, clay plus decomposers plus organic matter.
(1) In engineering, all unconsolidated material above bedrock. (2) In soil science, naturally occurring layers of mineral and (or) organic constituents that differ from the underlying parent material in their physical, chemical, mineralogical, and morphological character because of pedogenic processes (3) In other words, dirt.
Lose, unconsolidated surface material compression topsoil and subsoil.
The unconsolidated mineral and organic matter on the surface of the earth that has been subjected to and influenced by geologic and other environmental factors.
(i) The collection of natural bodies of the earth's surface, in place, modified or even made by man of earthy materials containing living matter and supporting or capable of supporting plants out-of doors, (ii) the unconsolidated mineral matter on the surface of the earth that has been subjected to and influenced by genetic and environmental factors of: parent material, climate (including moisture and temperature effects), macro and microorganisms, and topography, all acting over a period of time and producing a product â€“ soil â€“ that differs from the material from which is derived in many physical, chemical biological, and morphological properties and characteristics.
the portion of the earth's surface consisting of disintegrated rock and humus
Soil is a natural, constantly-changing substance that is made up of minerals, organic materials, and living organisms. plants grow in soil.
The top layer of the earth's surface, consisting of rock and mineral particles mixed with organic matter.
The naturally occurring unconsolidated material on the surface of the earth that has been influenced by parent material, climate (including the effects of moisture and temperature), macro- and micro-organisms, and relief, all acting over a period of time to produce soil that may differ from the material from which it was derived in many physical, chemical, mineralogical, biological, and morphological properties.
Soil, comprising the pedosphere, is positioned at the interface of the lithosphere with the biosphere, atmosphere, and hydrosphere. It consists of mineral and organic matter, including living organisms. Soil formation, or pedogenesis, is the combined effect of physical, chemical, biological, and anthropogenic processes on soil parent material resulting in the formation of soil horizons.