A congenital malformation in which the spinal column is cleft at its lower portion, and the membranes of the spinal cord project as an elastic swelling from the gap thus formed.
Congenital absence of a large portion of the posterior spine, usually in the lumbosacral region.
A condition that arises when a baby is developing, when the spinal column and spinal cord do not form properly. It can result in the child being paralysed.
Birth defect involving the spinal cord, resulting in varying degrees of paralysis, bladder and bowel problems. Affected babies may require surgery during the newborn period to close the back and prevent further nerve damage and infection; however, surgery cannot reverse nerve damage that already has occurred.
A congenital defect in which part of one (or more) vertebra fails to develop completely, leaving a portion of the spinal cord exposed. A Spina bifida can occur anywhere on the spine but is most common in the lower back. The severity of the condition depends on how much nerve tissue is exposed.
a birth defect in which a section of the baby's spine fails to develop completely, leaving the spinal cord exposed in that section
Congenital condition produced by failure of fusion of the laminae of the lumbar vertebrae or of the sacrum. It occurs as a secondary consequence of failure of the posterior part of the developing neural tube to close correctly. It may be relatively mild (spinal cord remains in the vertebral canal) or severe (spinal cord or cauda equina is extruded into a meningeal cyst). In mild cases there may be no neurologic deficit unless other regions of the developing nervous system have been affected. In the severe cases where a meningomyelocele is present, there may be perineal sphincter failure and varying degrees of impaired leg function depending on the level; there also may be additional neurologic problems reflecting developmental abnormalities in the brainstem.
A birth defect resulting from the incorrect development of the spinal cord that can leave the spinal cord exposed, spina bifida affects approximately one in every 2,000 babies born in the United States. Folic acid reduces the likelihood of spina bifida, and women are advised to take supplements before and during pregnancy.
Congenital defect in the walls of the spinal canal in which the laminae of the vertebra do not meet or close. Results in membranes of the spinal cord being pushed through the opening. Can also result in other defects, such as hydrocephalus.
Congenital neural tube defect below the brain, in which the fetal spinal cord forms incorrectly, sometimes with protrusion outside of the spinal column.
Spina Bifida (or Myelomeningocele) occurs when the backbone and skin do not close properly before birth. In a myelomeningocele, the resulting hole allows for the spinal cord and the membranes covering it to protrude out of the child's back. Spina Bifida refers to any incomplete closure of the spine, however, and so may or may not include a protrusion.+ Associated link: http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/001558.htm
Neural tube opening of the lower spinal column which may result in lower limb paralysis, major urinary tract and bowel function problems.
Inherited defective closure of the body encasement of the spinal cord through which the cord and meninges may protrude.
condition in which there is incomplete fusion of the spine. This typically occurs in the lumbar region but can also be seen in the cervical region. In the lumbar spine it can be asymptomatic, but it can also cause a host of deficits as a result of developmental disruption of the structures originating at that site (e.g. bladder dysfunction and limb weakness and numbness). In addition, hydrocephalus may ensue resulting from obstruction of the CSF flow and/or failure to reabsorb CSF through the arachnoid villi
A congenital defect in which the spinal column is imperfectly closed so that part of the spinal cord protrudes, often resulting in water on the brain (hydrocephalus) and other neurological disorders. Also called schistorrhachis.
(spi·na bif·i·da) NOUN: A congenital anomaly in which the spinal column is imperfectly closed so that part of the meninges or spinal cord protrudes, often resulting in hydrocephalus and other neurological conditions. It affects approximately one out of every 1,000 newborns in the United States.
a congenital defect of the vertebral column in which the halves of the neural arch of a vertebra fail to fuse in the midline
Spina bifida occurs when the bones (vertebrae) that make up a baby's spine do not form properly, allowing the spinal cord to bulge out of the spine. Spina bifida can occur anywhere along the spine. Spina bifida develops in a fetus early in pregnancy, often before a woman knows she is pregnant. In the United States, about 1 in every 1,000 babies is diagnosed with spina bifida. It is one of the most common birth defects. There are different severities of spina bifida.
Genetic condition in which a portion of an infant's spinal cord fails to develop completely or develops incorrectly.
A congenital malformation of the vertebral column. In prenatal life the column fails to develop and close normally, and a portion of the bony spine remains separated in two sections.
See Neural Tube Defect.
a congenital abnormality which occurs when the spinal cord is not completely formed during pregnancy. It is a type of neural tube defect.
A defect in the spine that results in failure of the vertebrae to fuse; this can occur in any vertebra but is most commonly found at the base of the back or lower spine
A birth defect caused by imperfect closure of part of the spinal column, exposing some of the nervous system.
Spina Bifida is a birth defect in the spine that results from the incorrect development of the spinal cord. This can occur in any vertebae, but is most commonly found at the base of the back and lower spine. Folic acid reduces the likelihood of spina bifida.!-- google_ad_client = "pub-4525666452789302"; google_ad_width = 336; google_ad_height = 280; google_ad_format = "336x280_as"; google_ad_type = "text"; google_ad_channel ="0051996550"; google_color_border = "FFFFFF"; google_color_bg = "FFFFFF"; google_color_link = "666666"; google_color_url = "666666"; google_color_text = "666666";
Congenital defect of the spine marked by a defective closure of the vertebral arch. There are three types of Spina Bifida : the Spina Bifida Occulta, the Meningocele and the Myelomeningocele.
A neural tube defect in which the fetus' backbone does not form properly. Also called open spine.
Failure of the spine to close properly during the first month of pregnancy. In severe cases, the spinal cord protrudes through the back and may be covered by skin or a thin membrane.
a congenital defect in which the spinal column is opened posteriorly so that part of the meninges or spinal cord protrude. This results in varying severity of neurological loss.
a congenital defect that results in a hernia (containing the spinal cord, the meninges and cerebral spinal fluid) along the spinal column, also called myelomeningocele
a birth defect in which the spine is not closed, and protrudes from the body.
a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
a congenital gap in the posterior wall of the spine.
A condition where there is a defect in the closure of the bony encasement of the spinal cord. Spina bifida takes two forms, a mild form where only the bone is affected and there are no visible signs of the condition; or the more serious form of Spina bifida where part of the spinal cord passes through the gap. Spina bifida may result in paralyses of the legs and problems affecting the urinary system.
A condition where the backbone protecting the spinal cord has a gap in it. Spina Bifida takes two forms. The mild form called Spina Bifida Occulta, occurs when only the bone is affected and the spinal cord is undamaged. The more serious form, Spina Bifida cystica, occurs when the spinal cord itself is damaged. Spina Bifida may result in paralysis and problems affecting the urinary system.
Means the bones of the spine are not fully formed around the nerves. The severity of the condition varies from person to person. Damage to the nerves affects movement.
structural birth defect where the spine and spinal cord don't develop correctly. Depending on the size and location of the defect, it may cause paralysis or inability to control muscles in the legs or arms—affected children often use wheelchairs, walkers or braces. Hydrocephalus (back-up of spinal fluid in the brain) is a common side effect of spina bifida and sometimes results in developmental disabilities.
A defect in the closure of the vertebral canal due to incomplete fusion of the posterior arch without hermal protusion of the meninges, usually asymptomatic and diagnosed only by radiography.
is a fault in the spinal column in which one or more vertebrae (the bones which form the backbone) fail to form properly, leaving a gap or split.
Congenital birth defect when the tube housing the central nervous system fails to close completely.
An opening in the spine allows the spinal cord to be exposed andoften resulting in varying degrees of physical disability. Surgical repair is needed after birth. The use of a daily multivitamin with folate prior to conception reduces the chance for this condition to develop.
a condition in which some of the bony elements of the spine fail to join, leaving part of the spinal cord and its coverings exposed.
abnormal development of the spine chacterized by an opening that can allow the protusion of the spinal cord generally resulting in functional neurologic abnormalities. Also known as myelomeningocele.
congenital neural tube defect resulting in incomplete closure along the surface of the spine
A malformation consisting of a fissure in the spine due to a fusion defect of one or more vertebral arches, through which the meninges and, occasionally the spinal cord, herniate together with varying amounts of CSF.
Congenital defect of the spinal column, where a hole in the vertebra leave the spinal cord and nerves exposed. This condition is usually identified at birth and may be treated early in life.
A birth defect caused when the neural tube, the structure in the very early embryo which develops into the brain and spina cord, fails to close properly. Spina bifida due to a neural tube defect typically results in paralysis as well as hydrocephalus ("water on the brain"). Anencephaly is a severe form of a neural tube defect in which no normal brain tissue develops. Spina bifida occulta is a minor defect of the spine which is not related to spina bifida from an open neural tube defect.
Defective closure of the vertebral canal
A condition in which there is a defect in the walls of the spinal canal caused by a lack of union between the laminae (thin, flat layer or membrane) of the vertebrae.
A congenital condition that occurs when the bony spinal column does not completely close, allowing a protrusion of part of the spinal cord and/or its encasing membrane.
A congenital fissure or opening (cleft) of the spinal column with hernial protrusion of the meninges (membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord, including the arachnoid, dura mater, and pia mater) and sometimes the spinal cord.
a congenital defect in which some of the vertebrae fail to close, leaving spinal nervous tissue exposed.
Malformations that result from the defective development of the spinal cord and/or the encasing vertebrae of varying severity. They most commonly occur in the lower thoracic, lumbar and sacral regions.
A birth defect in which the neural tube fails to close during fetal development ( NTD) and a portion of the spinal cord and nerves fails to develop properly.
abnormal split or opening in the spinal column, normally caused by a genetic defect and present from an early stage of the development of the foetus in the womb.
A neural tube defect that is found in some newborns who don't get enough folic acid from their mothers during pregnancy. Some cases of spina bifida-meningomyelocele may be genetically based as well as due to folic acid deficiency.
A neural tube defect resulting from failure of the spinal neural tube to close. The spinal cord and/or meninges may or may not protrude. This usually results in damage to the spinal cord with paralysis of the involved limbs. Includes myelomeningocele (involving both spinal cord and meninges) and meningocele (involving just the meninges).
A birth defect of the spine, usually at the lower end. Usually the spinal cord protrudes out of the defect and the nerves are malformed, causing paralysis of the legs and associated disabilities.
Spina Bifida is a birth defect in the spine that results from the incorrect development of the spinal cord. This can occur in any vertebae, but is most commonly found at the base of the back and lower spine. Folic acid reduces the likelihood of spina bifida. !-- ctxt_ad_partner = "2012884650"; ctxt_ad_section = ""; ctxt_ad_bg = ""; ctxt_ad_width = 300; ctxt_ad_height = 250; ctxt_ad_bc = "FFFFFF"; ctxt_ad_cc = "FFFFFF"; ctxt_ad_lc = "666666"; ctxt_ad_tc = "666666"; ctxt_ad_uc = "666666";
Describes a wide range of developmental defects of the vertebral column; commonly called cleft spine.
Spina bifida is a serious congenital condition. The abnormality occurs when the tube housing the central nervous system fails to close completely, which may give rise to severe disabilities.
A neural tube defect which presents a failure of fusion of the bones in the vertebral column (upper spine). Some of the membranes, nerves or part of the spinal cord appear externally on the skin as a type of sac, usually near the lower back. There is usually abnormalities in cell migration in the brain leading to hydrocephalus (excess fluid on the brain). In addition, deformities of the lower extremities can occur.
A birth defect that stops the bones of the spine from finishing forming right. It can cause legs to be paralyzed (unable to move) and cause loss of control over the bladder.
the most common form of neural tube defects (NTD's). NTD's occur during early fetal development and are the result of the failure of the neural tube to close completely around the vertebra of the spine. The size of the lesion will often affect the prognosis and management of this condition.
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Deformity of spine.
Spina bifida is a birth defect in which the infant is born with the spinal cord exposed. These children can grow to adulthood although they often suffer from paralysis and other disabilities. Also, see " neural tube defects (NTDs)."
A birth defect (a congenital malformation ) in which there is a bony defect in the vertebral column so that part of the spinal cord, which is normally protected within the vertebral column, is exposed. People with spina bifida can suffer from bladder and bowel incontinence , cognitive (learning) problems and limited mobility. See the entire definition of Spina bifida
A failure during embryonic development of the vertebral column to fuse completely.
A birth defect of variable severity and prognosis that may allow outpouching of the meninges, spinal cord, spinal muscles and associated nerves resulting from the failure of the neural tube to close properly during very early embryonic development (by 28 days gestation) resulting in abnormalities of the spinal cord.
This literally means "open spine." It can be a mild form, where only the bones are open and the spinal cord is normal, or the spine can be open on the top of the skin.
this is the defect of the osseous spine. Dorsal defects are the most common.
A condition in which the spinal cord does not close over the nerve column during the prenatal period. The amount of the spinal column that remains open determines how many nerves will be affected. It may involve loss of sensation and severe muscle weakness in the lower part of the body. This condition is often associated with an abnormal buildup of pressure of spinal fluid in the brain which can produce retardation unless it is surgically treated.
neural tube defect resulting from the improper closure of the fetal spine. Folic acid reduces the likelihood of spina bifida , and women are advised to take supplements (in the form of prenatal vitamins) before and during pregnancy.
A developmental abnormality where some vertebra are malformed thereby exposing the spinal cord.
A birth defect, also known as a neural tube defect, resulting from failure of the lower end of the neural tube to close during embryonic development. Spina bifida, the most common cause of infantile paralysis, is characterized by a lack of protection of the spinal cord by its membranes and vertebral bones.
a condition that is present at birth. It can affect the development of the back bones, spinal cord, surrounding nerves, and the fluid-filled sac that surrounds the spinal cord. This neurological condition can cause a portion of the spinal cord and the surrounding structures to develop outside, instead of inside, the body. The sac-like lesion can occur anywhere along the spine.
A condition at birth in which part of the spinal cord protrudes through a small indentation in the spinal column resulting in partial to total loss of voluntary movement in the lower body.
myelodysplasia; birth defect where part of the spinal cord develops outside of the body
A congenital defect of the spine marked by the absence of a portion of the spine.
defective closure of the posterior part of one or more vertebrae or the sacrum
Spina Bifida refers to an incomplete closure in the spinal column during prenatal development. There are three types of spina bifida: (1) spina bifida occulta is very common and is associated with an opening in one or more of the vertebrae, but no damage to the spinal cord, (2) meningocele is present when the protective covering around the spinal cord is pushed through an opening in the vertebrae, but the spinal cord remains intact, (3) myelomeningocele is the most severe form and occurs when the spinal cord protrudes through the back. The term, spina bifida, is most often used to indicate the most severe form of the disorder, myelomeningocele. It can cause weakness or paralysis below the area of protrusion as well as a loss of bowel and bladder control. Also, spina bifida is commonly associated with hydrocephalus.
One of the more common birth defects in which the backbone never closes.
Failure of the spine to close. Lay-term for myelomeningocele.
A birth defect characterized by failure of the spine to completely enclose the spinal cord. Babies born with spina bifida may also have fluid on the brain (hydrocephalus). There may be little or no sensation in the lower half of the body. The cause of spina bifida is unknown but studies have found a link between prenatal deficiency of folic acid in the diet and occurrences of spina bifida.
A nerve tube defect present at birth that results in a gap in the bone that surrounds the spinal cord. Spina bifida is relatively common, occurring about 10 to 20 times per 1,000 births.
Congenital back problem caused by the incomplete formation of the lamina and spinous process bones.
A congenital condition that is characterized by incomplete closure of the fetal vertebral arches. Defective closure of the bony canal that encases the spinal cord allows protrusion of portions of the brain and spinal cord through the defect.
Results from the failure of the spine to close properly during the first month of pregnancy. Because of the paralysis that results from the damage to the spinal cord, people born with spina bifida may need surgeries and other extensive medical care.
Spina bifida (Latin: "split spine") is a type of birth defect caused by incomplete closure of the embryonic neural tube, resulting in malformations of the spinal cord. Other neural tube defects include anencephaly and encephalocele.