The quality or state of being toxic or poisonous; poisonousness.
A term referring to the physiological effect of absorbing a poisonous substance into the system, either through the skin, mucous membrane or respiratory system.
Measure of how harmful a substance is.
Poisonous reaction that impairs body function or damages cells.
the quality, relative degree, or specific degree of being toxic or poisonous
(see also adverse outcome, adverse reaction, safety) The harm to health caused by a therapy (eg involving the proposed drug) considering the entire adverse reaction profile.
The quality, state, or relative degree of being toxic or poisonous.
The sum of adverse effects resulting from exposure to a material, generally by the mouth, skin, or respiratory tract.
An excess amount of element or substance.
An excess level of an element or substance.
Extent or degree to which something is poisonous.
adverse biological effect due to toxins and other compounds.
A measure of lethality used to test effluent. To pass the test, 50% of young rainbow trout must survive exposure in undiluted effluent for 96 hours.
The degree of poisoning that can occur from exposure to a chemical.
Any harmful effect of a drug or poison
the capacity of a material or organism to cause harm to another living organism.
The adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms.
The harmful effects of a given drug that occur during therapy. The term is similar to side effect and adverse reaction.
the unwanted effects of a drug that cause harm or death.
the degree of biological damage caused by a toxicant.
Adverse effect of a substance or agent on a biological system.
extent, quality, or degree of being poisonous or harmful to the body.
The extent or ways in which a drug is poisonous to the body.
The property of a chemical to harm people who come into contact with it.
The relative degree of being poisonous or toxic. A condition which may exist in wastes and will inhibit or destroy the growth or function of certain organisms.
Forestry Operations & Water Quality] The characteristic of being poisonous or harmful to plant or animal life; the relative degree of severity of this characteristic.
The presence of substances in the soil or in the above ground atmosphere that inhibit the growth of plants and ultimately causes their death. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________________
The capacity of a chemical to produce harmful effects.
Degree to which something is poisonous; the ability of a material to interfere adversely with the vital processes or an organism.
The quality or potential of a substance to cause injury or illness.
Degree of being poisonous to a living organism or person; ability to cause grave harm or death.
the ability of a substance to produce injury once it reaches a susceptible site in or on the body. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of more than 50 milligrams per kilogram but not more than 500 milligrams per kilogram of body weight when administered orally to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each. A chemical that has a median lethal dose (LD50) of more than 200 milligrams per kilogram but not more than 1000 milligrams per kilogram of body weight when administered by continuous contact for 24 hours (or less if death occurs within 24 hours) with the bare skin of albino rabbits weighing between two and three kilograms each. A chemical that has a median lethal concentration (LC50) in air of more than 200 parts per million but not more than 2,000 parts per million by volume of gas or vapor, or more than two milligrams per liter but not more than 20 milligrams per liter of mist, fume, or dust, when administered by continuous inhalation for one hour (or less if death occurs within one hour) to albino rats weighing between 200 and 300 grams each.
the potential of a drug or agent to poison the system, or to cause adverse effects in addition to therapeutic effect.
Levels of harmful ingredients in paint such as solvent s and heavy metals including lead and chrome. All Humbrol paint s confirm to current legislation and safety data sheets can be obtained by contacting Humbrol.
The degree to which a chemical substance elicits an adverse effect on the biological system of an organism.
Quality of being poisonous. Examples of toxicity include the degree of toxicity of a virulent microbe, a compound, or drug.
grave harmfulness or deadliness
a potential problem when using high doses of vitamin A
the ability of particular substance to cause pathological changes in the living organism; you could say that it is a degree of poisoning, which is measured in LD-50
A relative property of a chemical agent and refers to a harmful effect on some biologic mechanism and the conditions under which this effect occurs.
Dose-dependent toxic properties and effects of a chemical substance. Toxicity is determined in "toxicity tests" and calculated in relation to body weight.
The extent to which a material is toxic. A material may not be considered toxic unless it is bio-available.
The degree to which a toxin is harmful.
The inherent ability of a chemical, biological, or physical agent to cause adverse effects in living organisms.
The quality of poisonousness or the ability of something to kill.
A specific harmful effect associated with therapy.
The ability of a substance to cause injury to biologic tissue.
ability of a substance to cause harmful effects. Back
extent and quality of being poisonous; a measure of a drug's ability to be tolerated safely
The potential for a substance to be harmful to health
Much of the information regarding the toxicity of Essential Oils is passed along from research that may or may not have been done with Essential Oils themselves. However, with the lack of better information, it is probably wise to exercise caution with oils that are considered toxic. The affects of toxicity from Essential Oils are of a longer term nature and do not manifest themselves immediately. Our bodies have the natural ability to rid itself of toxins, yet if a toxin is repeatedly brought into the body it can break down our natural systems and cause a build-up of any harmful substance. To be safe, only use toxic oils sparingly and do not use them continuously over long periods of time.
a measure of the amount of poison which could cause illness or death to an organism
The capacity of a pesticide to have a specific, adverse effect on an organism. It includes its potency, a measure of the capacity of the pesticide to cause an effect per unit of exposure.
Side effects of treatment. See also: Nephrotoxicity See also: Cardiotoxicity See also: Neutropenia
Refers to the undesirable and harmful side effects of a drug. Based on the toxicity, the amount of the drug a patient can safely take can be determined.
The extent to which a substance is poisonous.
Harmful, toxic effects of chemical substances
Degree of harmful affects an element or compound may have on a living organism, plant, or animal. Excessive amount of toxic substances, such as sodium or sulfur that severely hinder establishment of vegetation or severely restrict plant growth.
The degree to which a substance may be harmful or poisonous to the body. The toxicity of a medication may often be seen in its side effects. In clinical trials, researchers study the toxicity of anticancer medications.
The condition of being poisonous or harmful to life.
Relates to the poisonous qualities contained by any material.
The degree to which a substance is poisonous.
the extent, quality, or degree of harm to the body.
Specific adverse events attributable to a drug or treatment.
the harmful effects of a drug that may occur during treatment (see side effects).
An adverse effect produced by a drug that is detrimental to the participant's health. The level of toxicity associated with a drug will vary depending on the condition which the drug is used to treat.
the poisonous effects of a substance.
the harmful side effects of a given drug.
The adverse effect which a biologically active substance has, at some concentration, on a living entity.
potential of a substance to exert a harmful effect on humans or animals, often used to refer to side effects of drugs.
the degree to which a chemical substance elicits a deleterious or adverse effect upon the biological system of an organism exposed to the substance over a designated time period. [Source: USEPA Glossary of IRIS Terms
Side-effects which are due to the treatment administered. The side-effects range from mild to severe and are usually controllable, and in some women are preventable.
Referring to medical treatments, the degree to which they produce unwanted, adverse effects.
The potential of a drug or treatment to cause harmful side effects.
the quality of being poisonous or harmful; often used to refer to side effects of drugs.
The level to which a substance is toxic.
A quantification of the degree of danger posed by a substance to animal or plant life. Toxicity is one of the four characteristics that makes a substance hazardous, as defined by RCRA.
The degree to which a substance is toxic, or poisonousness.
Characteristic of a substance which induces intoxication, i.e., “poisoning”. Many substances, including some common foods, have some level of toxicity. Cannabis presents almost no toxicity and cannot lead to an overdose. United Nations Drug Control Program (UNDCP) Established in 1991, the Programme works to educate the world about the dangers of drug abuse. The Programme aims to strengthen international action against drug production, trafficking and drug-related crime through alternative development projects, crop monitoring and anti-money laundering programmes. UNDCP also provides accurate statistics through the Global Assessment Programme (GAP) and helps to draft legislation and train judicial officials as part of its Legal Assistance Programme. UNDCP is part of the UN Office for Drug Control and the Prevention of Crime.
Inherent capacity to produce injury. Adverse effects resulting from overexposure to a material, generally via the mouth, skin, eyes or respiratory tract
A condition that results from exposure to a substance at levels causing deleterious side effects that may be harmful to an organism.
The quality or degree of being poisonous or harmful to plant or animal life.
Negative effect of a compound, as shown by altered morphology or physiology. It is meaningful only when the effect itself is also described, such as changes in the rate of cell growth, cell death, etc.
The ability of a substance to produce deleterious or adverse effects in the exposed organism.
The property of a chemical, or combination of chemicals, to adversely affect organisms, tissues or cells (ASTM, 2002). Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE): A set of procedures used to identify the specific compounds causing effluent toxicity (EPA, 2000).
The quality of being poisonous. Toxicity reactions in the body impair bodily functions and/or damage cells.
An adverse effect of an intervention. If toxicity prevents people from taking more of an experimental drug, the toxicity is called dose limiting.
adjective TOXIC): the quality of being poisonous or harmful; often used to refer to drug side effects.
Level of poisonous effects from a chemical. Go to top
The extent, quality or degree of being poisonous.
The quality or condition of being toxic; the degree to which a substance is toxic.
Side effect of chemotherapy, the underlying disease, or complication of treatment. These may include patient-felt or paper toxicities.
poisonous quality, especially its degree or strength.
(tox-IH-sih-tee) The extent to which something is poisonous or harmful.
The capacity of a pesticide to harm an organism by other than mechanical means. A measure of the ability of a pesticide to cause acute, delayed or allergic effects in an organism.
The capacity of materials to produce adverse health effects as a result of exposure to that material.
The nature and extent of adverse effects of a substance upon a living organism.
Having to do with poison or something harmful to the body. Toxic substances usually cause unwanted side effects to an organ system and/or to the participant's subjective status produced by therapy. Toxicities are graded numerically, with the lowest number representing no toxicity (e.g., 0 = none) and the highest number highest representing lethal toxicity (e.g., 5 = lethal).
The degree to which a substance can harm humans or animals. See the entire definition of Toxicity
The quality of substances that causes ill effects.
The unwanted side effects of cancer therapies, such as a decrease in blood cells, nausea and vomiting, and hair loss.
Poisonous reaction that impairs body functions or damages cells.
the biological effect of a substance. In this context, toxicity and hazard are used interchangeably.
(l) The capacity or property of a substance to cause adverse effects. (2) The specific quantity of a substance which may be expected, under specific conditions, to do damage to a specific living organism.
(Toxicité) Property of a substance to poison a living organism, generally expressed as the ratio between the minimum dose capable of killing an animal and its total weight.(Translated from Manuila, A. et al. Dictionnaire français de médecine et de biologie, Masson, Paris, 1981.)
the measure of the capacity of a chemical to harm an organism
The potential for a substance to exert a harmful effect on humans or animals, and a description of the effect and the conditions or concentrations, under which the effect takes place.
Describes some of the possible side effects of a drug. Also indicates how much of a drug can safely be taken.
Toxicity refers to side effects that are related to the dose of a drug.
A poisonous, irritating, or injurious effect resulting when a person ingests or produces a substance in excess of his or her tolerance threshold.
A relative property of a chemical agent with reference to a harmful effect on some biological mechanism and the condition under which this effect occurs. The quality being poisonous.
The inherent potential or capacity of a substance to cause adverse effects in a living organism
Capacity to cause injury to a living organism defined with reference to the quantity of substance administered or absorbed, the way in which the substance is administered (inhalation, ingestion, topical application, injection) and distributed in time (single or repeated doses), the type and severity of injury, the time needed to produce the injury, the nature of the organism(s) affected and other relevant conditions. Adverse effects of a substance on a living organism defined with reference to the quantity of substance administered or absorbed, the way in which the substance is administered (inhalation, ingestion, topical application, injection) and distributed in time (single or repeated doses), the type and severity of injury, the time needed to produce the injury, the nature of the organism(s) affected, and other relevant conditions. Measure of incompatibility of a substance with life: this quantity may be expressed as the reciprocal of the absolute value of median lethal dose (1/LD50) or concentration (1/LC50) RT acute toxicity, chronic toxicity, subacute toxicity, subchronic toxicity
Adverse effect to a test organism caused by "pollutants. " Toxicity is a resultant of concentration and time, modified by variables such as temperature, chemical form, and availability.
The degree of harmfulness or poisonousness to humans of any substance.
Literally, the state of being poisonous. In Clinical Trials, t. is a reference to side effects of the therapy.
Harmful side effects from an agent being tested.
A measure of characteristics which are poisonous, carcinogenic, or otherwise harmful to life.
The resulting conditions and symptoms after contact with a substance that is very destructive to living tissue.
the quality or condition of being poisonous, harmful, or destructive.
Unpleasant or uncomfortable side-effects caused by treatment.
refers to the quality, state or degree of being poisonous.
The toxicity of a chemical can be measured using a of animal studies. OSHA uses three categories for this: Oral LD50 - Lethal dose 50% test. The medium lethal dose (LD50) that kills 50% of lab animals receiving it. Oral LD50 is expressed as milligrams of chemical per kilogram (mg/kg) of test animals body weight, or 1 millionth of the test animal's body weight. OSHA considers a chemical to be toxic if the oral LD50 is between 50 mg/kg and 500 mg/kg. Skin LD50 - A dose that kills 50% of lab animals that had concentrations applied directly to their bare skin for 24 hours. Skin LD50 is also expressed in mg/kg, and the OSHA considers a chemical to be toxic if the LD50 is between 200 mg/kg and 1000 mg/kg. Inhalation LC50 - Lethal concentration 50% is the concentration of a chemical in the air needed to kill 50% of lab animals that breathed it. LC50 is expressed in parts per million (ppm) for bases and vapors, and milligrams/liter (mg/l) for mists, fumes and dusts.
intensity of a poison.
Excessive amount of toxins, drugs, and chemical substances in the body.
The adverse reactions (dose-response time relationships) of tissues to selected foreign substances resulting in unacceptable in-vivo interactions. The toxicity can be at the local or systemic level depending upon the amount, rate of release and specific type of substance available to the tissues.
in medical treatment, the harmful effects of a medication or treatment, especially at higher doses.
The degree to which a substance or mixture of substances can harm humans or animals. Acute toxicity involves harmful effects in an organism through a single or short-term exposure. Chronic toxicity is the ability of a substance or mixture of substances to cause harmful effects over an extended period, usually upon repeated or continuous exposure sometimes lasting for the entire life of the exposed organism. Subchronic toxicity is the ability of the substance to cause effects for more than one year but less than the lifetime of the exposed organism.
how poisonous a substance is
The unwanted effects or damage caused by a drug.
Relating to a harmful effect by a poisonous substance on the human body by physical contact, ingestion or inhalation.
Deleterious or adverse biological effects elicited by a chemical, physical, or biological agent.
The degree to which a chemical substance elicits a deleterious or adverse effect upon the biological system of an organism exposed to the substance over a designated time period. This definition archived 9/30/03
Property of a chemical causing adverse effects on humans, animals or plants (e.g. causes cancer or death).
The state of being related to or caused by a toxin or other poison. The term is also used to describe something that is capable of causing injury or death, particularly by chemical means.
Toxicity is a measure of the degree to which something is toxic or poisonous. The study of poisons is known as toxicology. Toxicity can refer to the effect on a whole organism, such as a human or a bacterium or a plant, or to a substructure, such as a cell (cytotoxicity) or the liver (hepatotoxicity).