charge. A property used to explain attractions and repulsions between certain objects. Two types of charge are possible: negative and positive. Objects with different charge attract; objects with the same charge repel each other.
An imbalance of atomic particles. Atoms are made up of particles that have positive or negative charges; when they are balanced (an equal number of electrons and protons), there is no electrical charge. If there are extra electrons, there is a negative charge, and if the atoms are missing electrons, there is a positive electric charge.
the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons; "the battery needed a fresh charge"
A property of a particle by which it may repel (or attract) other particles that have a charge of similar (or opposite) sign.
that which causes electrons and ions to attract each other, and to repel particles of the same kind. The electric charge of electrons is called "negative" (-) and that of ions "positive" (+). Materials such as glass, fur and cloth acquire an electric charge by rubbing against each other, a process which tears electrons off one substance and attaches it to the other. Electric charges (+) and (-) may also be separated by a chemical process, as in an electric battery. About Ben Franklin's role in studying and naming electrical charges, click here.
The electrical state of an object, which can be positively charged or negatively charged. Electricity and magnetism
An intrinsic property of matter that gives rise to the electrostatic forces between charged particles. There are two types of charge called positive and negative. Like charges repel while unlike charges attract each other.
A physical state based on the amount and location of electrons and protons in matter. Matter with more electrons than protons is negatively charged. Matter that attracts free electrons is positively charged.
Electric energy stored on the surface of a material. Also known as a static charge.
Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles, which determines their electromagnetic interaction. Electrically charged matter is influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields. The interaction between a moving charge and the electromagnetic field is the source of the electromagnetic force, which is one of the four fundamental forces.