a significant disturbance of the mind. To diagnose Schizophrenia, Psychiatrists look for two or more of the following symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, very disorganized behavior, catatonic behavior (no movement at all), little emotion (compared to normal for the person), trouble speaking, or reduced "goal-directed behavior" (trouble getting things done). Because other problems can cause these symptoms, psychiatrists look for the problems to last six months or more before they diagnose schizophrenia. Schizophrenia can usually be at least partly controlled with drugs, but there is not usually a cure.
The essential features of this disorder are the presence of characteristic psychotic symptoms during the active phase of the illness and functioning below the highest level previously achieved, and a duration of at least six months. At some phase of illness, schizophrenia always involves delusions, hallucinations, or certain characteristic disturbances in affect and the form of thought.
a mental illness that affects a person's perception of reality. Schizophrenics often exhibit disorganized thinking, delusions, and/or auditory hallucinations.
A serious mental disorder characterized by verbal incoherence, severely impaired interpersonal relations, disturbance in thought processes, cognitive deficits, and inappropriate or blunted affect. The child may also exhibit hallucinations or delusions.
Disease, or family of diseases, characterized by altered motor behavior, distorted perceptions, disturbed thinking, altered mood, and abnormal interpersonal behavior.
Mental illness characterized by a distorted sense of reality, bizarre behavior, and fragmentation of the personality.
a class of psychological disorders characterized by grossly impaired social, emotional, cognitive, and perceptual functioning. (501)
a mental disorder characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations
psychosis characterized by symptoms such as delusions, hallucinations, disordered thought patterns. Develops between late adolescence and mid-30s.
is a syndrome characterized by specific psychological manifestations, including auditory hallucinations, delusions, thought disorders and behavioural disturbances
Syndrome characterized by the presence of psychotic symptoms for a significant portion of the time during a one month period, and some signs of the disorder for at least a six month period.
A group of psychotic disorders characterized by major disturbances in thought, emotion, and behaviour; disordered thinking in which ideas are not logically related; faulty perception and attention; bizarre disturbances in motor activity; flat or inappropriate emotions; and reduced tolerance for stress in interpersonal relations. The patient withdraws from people and reality, often into a fantasy life of delusions and hallucinations. See schizoaffective disorder, schizophreniform disorder, and brief reactive psychosis.
Although an exact definition of schizophrenia still evades medical researchers, the evidence indicates more and more strongly that schizophrenia is a severe disturbance of the brain's functioning. There are billions of nerve cells in the brain. Each nerve cell has branches that transmit and receive messages from other nerve cells. The branches release chemicals, called neurotransmitters, which carry the messages from the end of one nerve branch to the cell body of another. In the brain afflicted with schizophrenia, something goes wrong in this communication system.
n. a severe mental disorder characterized by a disintegration of the process of thinking, of contact with reality, and of emotional responsiveness.
a complex metnal disorder that leads to feelings of distress and social isolation
A mental disorder or group of disorders characterised by disturbances in the form of thought (delusions and hallucinations), mood, sense of self and relationship to the external world, and behaviour.
A mental disorder that causes a separation between the thought processes and the emotions. Consumers may experience confusion of reality with hallucinations and/or delusions and may become paranoid. A change in personality with bizarre behavior may occur.
(SKITZ-oh-FREN-ee-ah) Mental illness characterized by an altered concept of reality and, in some cases, delusions and hallucinations.
A mental disorder characterized by alterations in perceptions, emotions, thoughts, or consciousness. go to glossary index
A chronic mental disorder characterized by an inability to differentiate reality from fantasy. Often associated with hallucinations or delusions.
Disorder characterized by the distorted thinking associated with delusions and hallucinations. May have a gradual onset, with symptoms of withdrawal and disordered language evident over time, or it may have a sudden onset in adolescence.
A psychotic disorder or disorders marked by some or all of these symptoms: delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech, severe emotional abnormalities, and withdrawal into an inner world.
a severe mental disorder characterized by delusions, hallucinations, incoherence and physical agitation; it is classified as a "thought" disorder while Bipolar Disorder is a "mood" disorder.
The most chronic and disabling of the severe mental disorders. Typically develops in the late teens or early twenties. The overt symptoms are hallucinations (hearing voices, seeing visions), delusions (false beliefs about commonly held views of reality) and bizarre thought patterns. These are the positive symptoms that typically lead to psychiatric treatment and hospitalization. Often neglected are the "negative" symptoms - social isolation and withdrawal, blunting of emotional expressiveness, poor communication skills and decreased motivation and self-care. Even with available treatment, most continue to suffer chronically or episodically throughout their lives.
A psychotic disorder characterized by the presence of two or more prominent psychotic symptoms (including hallucinations, delusions, disorganized speech or behavior, or negative psychotic symptoms) that continue for at least one month, resulting in significant social and occupational impairment. The disorder cannot be related to a history of pervasive developmental disorder, underlying medical causes, or chronic effects of substance abuse, and the total duration of the illness (including residual phase) must last at least six months. Five types of schizophrenia have been defined in contemporary Western psychiatry: paranoid, catatonic, disorganized, undifferentiated, and residual.
A severe emotional disorder of psychotic depth characteristically marked by a retreat from reality with delusion formation, hallucinations, emotional disharmony, and regressive behavior.
any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
a major mental disorder that has yet to reveal its etiology
a mental illness that affects one person in every hundred
a psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behaviour, thinking, and emotion
a thought disorder that interferes with an individual's ability to think clearly and to discern what is real from what is not
A term coined by Bleuler, synonymous with and replacing dementia praecox; a common type of psychosis, characterized by abnormalities in perception, content of thought, and thought processes (hallucinations and delusions) and by extensive withdrawal of interest from other people and the outside world, with excessive focusing on one's own mental life; now considered a group or spectrum of disorders rather than a single entity, with distinction sometimes made between process schizophrenia and reactive schizophrenia. close window
A psychiatric illness characterized by hallucinations, delusions, and disturbed though processes, mood, and behaviour.
Any of a group of mental illnesses in which the patient loses touch with reality and is at times unable to think or act normally.
A group of severe mental disorders characterized by disturbances of language and communication; thought disturbances that may involve distortion of reality, misperceptions, delusions and hallucinations; mood changes and withdrawn, regressive, or bizarre behavior, lasting longer than six months.
A biological brain disorder beginning in late adolescence that frequently persists throughout life. Schizophrenic patients experience hallucinations, delusions, bizarre internal sensations, and frequently withdraw from society.
This is a psychotic disorder marked by delusions, hallucinations, disordered thinking and speech, inappropriate emotions and/or lack of emotions. It is characterised by serious disturbances of thought and perception which cannot be attributed to brain damage.
A constellation of signs and symptoms which may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganised speech or behaviour, a flattening in emotions and a restriction in thought, speech and goal-directed behaviour (American Psychiatric Association, 1994, pp. 274â€“75).
A severe mental illness characterized by delusions and hallucinations, a loss of emotional expressiveness and confused thought and speech. It is the most common type of psychosis.
a disorder that creates dysfunction in thought processes and social functioning
A severe mental disorder for which most patients need long-term drug therapy. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, apathy and impaired social functioning. Startle response â€“ Defensive response to a strong sensory stimulus, such as a loud noise.
Psychotic condition characterized by withdrawal, distortion of reality, personality deterioration, hallucinations and delusions.
A mental illness that can be characterized by delusions, hallucinations, paranoia, and/or other mental issues.
a psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, disintegration of the personality and hallucinations.
The most common type of psychosis, characterized by extensive withdrawal of the individual's interest from other people and the outside world and the investment of it in his/her own self.
A medical condition that falls under the category of psychotic disorders. People with schizophrenia suffer from a variety of symptoms, including confusion, disordered thinking, paranoia, hallucinations, emotional numbness, and speech problems.
is a chronic, severe and disabling mental disorder. Sufferers often experience hallucinations (usually hearing voices not heard by others) or delusions (believing that other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts or plotting to harm them). They usually have disturbed interpersonal relationships. They are often fearful and withdrawn, with disorganized speech and behavior. Treatment almost always includes medications, the newer ones being more effective than older ones and having fewer side effects. www.nami.org/Content/ContentGroups/Helpline1/Schizophrenia.htm
A psychotic disorder characterized by loss of contact with the environment, by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life, and by disintegration of personality expressed as disorder of feeling, thought (as in hallucinations and delusions), and conduct.
one of the most complex of all mental health disorders; involves a severe, chronic, and disabling disturbance of the brain.
A group of mental disorders characterized by abnormal thoughts, moods, and actions; sufferers have a distorted sense of reality and thoughts that do not logically fit together.
a group of psychotic mental illnesses that make it difficult for a person to tell the difference between real and unreal situations, to think logically, to have normal emotional responses, and to behave normally in social situations.
A large group of severe disorders of unknown cause (but considered brain disorders),typically characterized by disturbances of language and communication; thought disturbances that may involve distortion of reality, misperceptions and some thought processes that comprises such repressed material.
A psychotic disorder which, in its active phase, is characterized by characteristic symptoms involving a number of psychological processes. Can be very disabling, even incapacitating.
A severe mental illness characterised by a disintegration of the process of thinking, of contact with reality, and of emotional responsiveness. Delusions and hallucinations (especially of voices) are usual features, and the person may feel that thoughts, sensations and actions are controlled by or shared with others. The person may become socially withdrawn and lose energy. No single cause of the disease is known. There are strong genetic factors in the causation and environmental stress can precipitate illness.
is a severe mental disorder characterized by unpredictable thoughts and behaviour and a withdrawal from reality.
One of several brain diseases whose symptoms that may include loss of personality (flat affect), agitation, catatonia, confusion, psychosis , unusual behavior, and withdrawal. The illness usually begins in early adulthood. See the entire definition of Schizophrenia
A thought disorder that can cause a person to experience difficulty with activities of daily living and may experience delusions, hallucinations and paranoia.
A general term for a wide range of mental disorders characterized by a disassociation of sensory input, feelings and emotions on one hand and thoughts on the other. Symptoms can include hallucinations, hearing voices, a feeling that one's thoughts or actions are under someone else's control, and many others. Schizophrenia is found in pathological gamblers, though not as commonly as depression.
a psychiatric disorder denoting an often chronic, major mental illness primarily affecting thinking, with attendant difficulties in perception of reality, which in turn can affect behavior and emotion.
A chronic mental illness that usually appears in adolescence. There are different types of schizophrenia, but symptoms may include hallucinations, delusions, and inappropriate thinking or behavior.
CaF directory of specific conditions and rare syndromes A serious mental illness which usually develops in the late teens or early twenties, where thoughts, feelings and actions are somewhat disconnected from each other. Symptoms include hallucinations, delusions, loss of energy and loss of interest in life.
A group of severe mental disorders characterized by at least some of the following: marked disturbance of thought, withdrawal, inappropriate or flat emotions, delusions, and hallucinations. See also catatonic schizophrenia, disorganized type of schizophrenia, negative symptoms of schizophrenia, paranoid schizophrenia, positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
A psychotic disorder marked by disconnection between thoughts, feelings, and actions (as in hallucinations and delusions); characterized by loss of contact with the environment and by noticeable deterioration in the level of functioning in everyday life. ( 7-04)
A psychotic illness in which the changes in behaviour or symptoms have been continuing for a period of at least six months. Symptoms and length of illness vary from person to person. Contrary to previous beliefs, many people with schizophrenia lead happy and fulfilling lives, with many making a full recovery.
A highly variable disorder characterized by disordered perception, disordered thought (hallucinations and delusions), and extensive withdrawal of the individual's interest from other people and the outside world and the investment of it in his own; a form of psychosis. Psychiatrists usually talk about schizophrenias rather than schizophrenia given the variability of this disorder.
bizarre behavior with extreme disturbances in thought and mood.
A most common type of psychosis characterized by hallucinations and/or delusions, personality changes, withdrawal, and serious thought and speech disturbances.
A brain disorder that is estimated to affect more than one of every 100 American adults. A wide range of symptoms includes hallucinations, apathy, social withdrawal and alterations in emotions. Age of onset is usually between the ages of 16 and 25. Research demonstrates a probable genetic cause. Medications and other therapies have revolutionized the way people with schizophrenia are treated.
Mental disorder reducing ability to think rationally, causing delusions and hallucinations.
(skiz-o-fre-ne-ah): A type of psychotic disorder characterized by hallucinations and/or delusions, disorganized speech and thought, and social withdrawal.
A mental illness in which the person suffers from distorted thinking, hallucinations and a reduced ability to feel normal emotions.
a mental disorder that involves a disturbance in thinking, in perceiving reality, and in functioning
Any of a group of psychotic disorders usually characterized by withdrawal from reality, illogical patterns of thinking, delusions, and hallucinations, and accompanied in varying degrees by other emotional, behavioral, or intellectual disturbances. Schizophrenia is associated with dopamine imbalances in the brain and defects of the frontal lobe and is caused by genetic, other biological, and psychosocial factors.
A group of mental disorders characterized by major disturbances in thought, perception, emotion, and behavior. Thinking is illogical and usually includes delusional beliefs; distorted perceptions may take the form of hallucinations; emotions are flat or inappropriate; bizarre behavior includes unusual postures, stereotyped movements, and 'crazy talk.' The individual withdraws from other people and from reality. Inherited brain or biochemical abnormalities are implicated.
A group of psychiatric disorders characterized by delusions and hallucinations and by extreme withdrawal from other people; now considered by many to be a developmental disorder.
Schizophrenia (from the Greek word ÏƒÏ‡Î¹Î¶Î¿Ï†ÏÎÎ½ÎµÎ¹Î±, or shjzofre'neja, meaning "split mind") is a psychiatric diagnosis that describes a mental disorder characterized by impairments in the perception or expression of reality and by significant social or occupational dysfunction. A person experiencing schizophrenia is typically characterized as demonstrating disorganized thinking, and as experiencing delusions or hallucinations, in particular auditory hallucinationsAmerican Psychiatric Association (1994) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th Edition TR Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association..