A chemical reaction in which water is eliminated. All biopolymers such as DNA, RNA, polysaccharides, globular proteins, fibrous proteins, cell wall components etc are formed in condensation reactions. The reaction is easily reversed by addition of water to the polymer. This is called hydrolysis. Thus the degradation of biopolymers is a hydrolysis reaction. More information.
Originally meant a reaction which gave off a molecule of water for each molecule of product, but now extended to mean a reaction that gives off a molecule of any kind of 'by-product' per molecule of product.
polymerization of monomers in which two or more molecules combine, resulting in the production of water or some other simple substance
the chemical combination of two molecules in which a small molecule, usually water, is also produced.
a chemical reaction in which two molecules or moieties react with each other with the concurrent loss of water
a reaction that unites two large molecules while forming water as a by-product
A reaction in which two compounds combine together and eliminate water (or other small molecule such as HCl).
A type of chemical reaction in which two or more simple molecules are joined together to make a more complex molecule. In biology the most common type of condensation reaction takes place by effectively removing a water from two molecules being joined. This type of condensation reaction is called a dehydration synthesis.
A condensation reaction is a chemical reaction in which two molecules or moieties combine to form one single molecule, together with the loss of a small molecule. When this small molecule is water, it is known as a dehydration reaction; other possible small molecules lost are hydrogen chloride, methanol, or acetic acid.