small proteins produced by cells that affect the physiology and function of other cells.
A protein released by one cell that affects the physiology of other cells in the vicinity in a particular fashion through binding to a specific receptor.
a soluble molecule that is involved in signalling between cells during an immune response, e.g. tumour necrosis factor.
proteins used by the immune system to communicate messages between cells; in psoriasis, cytokines carry messages that promote inflammation and the overly rapid development of skin cells.
growth factor produced by activated lymphocytes and other cells that acts as an autocrine or paracrine and has various roles in immunity and blood cell development
expression part of the immune system that can either suppress or transmit HIV.
One of several protein hormones synthesized by a variety of cells used to communicate with other cells; typically made in minute amount and intended to affect cells in microenvironment.
(sight-o-kine) : a product of cells of the immune system that may stimulate immunity and cause the regression of some cancers.
Any of numerous secreted, small proteins (e.g., interferons, interleukins) that bind to cell-surface receptors on certain cells to trigger their differentiation or proliferation.
A substance that is produced by cells of the immune system and can affect the immune response. Cytokines can also be produced in the laboratory by recombinant DNA technology and given to people to affect immune responses.
A protein secreted by many cells that regulates the immune response.
a nonantibody protein released by one cell population that acts as an intercellular mediator on another cell population(s). Synthetic cytokines are metabolically active in picomolar concentrations.
A member of a family of proteins released by cells that act on other cells through specific receptors. Cytokines control cell growth and differentiation, and regulate immune and inflammatory responses. Examples of cytokines include growth factors, colony
A hormone-like molecule, produced by one cell that has an effect on another cell. Some types of cytokines are normally produced in low concentration by the immune system as part of the body's defense mechanism. Some cytokines are toxic at high concentrations and cause disease symptoms such as fever.
A type of protein hormone involved in the immune process
a generic term for nonantibody proteins release by one cell populations on contact with a specific antigen, which act as intercellular mediators, as in the generation of an immune response.
Extracellular signaling protein or peptide that acts as local mediator in cell-cell communication.
a messenger molecule between cells See also: cytokine system, tumor necrosis factor alpha
Soluble factor produced by cells that has an effect on other cells.
A group of soluble, hormone-like proteins produced by white blood cells and that act as messengers between cells. Cytokines can stimulate or inhibit the activity of immune cells and may prove useful as immunologic adjuvants.
any of various proteins secreted by cells of the immune system that serve to regulate the immune system
a generic term for nonantibody proteins released by one cell population on contact with specific antigen, which act as intercellular mediators, as in the generation of an immune response (Dorland's Illustrated Medical Dictionary)
a naturally occurring chemical, produced by immune system cells
an immunomodulatory protein that the body naturally produces to accomplish certain immunologic tasks
a protein and chemical messenger produced by white blood cells
a protein hormone which regulates normal cell functions, such as growth and differentiation
a protein produced by cells, which are essential for the regulation of other cells
a small polypeptide that affects the growth of particular types of cells
a small protein released by cells that has a specific effect on the interactions between cells, on communications between cells
a soluble substance released by certain cell populations on contact with an inducer (stimulant) and which acts as an intercelular mediator
a substance secreted by the immune system
a substance that causes living cells to grow and divide
Proteins secreted by immune system cells which enable them to communicate with each other.
These are hormones produced by white blood cells (lymphocytes) that communicate with other cells of the immune system, recruiting them to perform more aggressive roles in the fighting off of infection or in the rejection of something from the body such as a baby, a kidney or a bone marrow transplant.
A chemical messenger secreted by immune cells to regulate immune activity.
means low molecular weight proteins that stimulate or inhibit the proliferation or function of immune cells.
A protein that acts as a chemical messenger to stimulate cell migration, usually toward where the protein was released. Interleukins, lymphokines, and interferons are the most common.
Molecule that controls reactions among cells; key component of inflammation
A small messenger molecule that influences the actions of immune system cells; also called a lymphokine or interleukin (IL). There are many different cytokines, each acting only on cells that have receptors for that cytokine.
A protein that stimulates white blood cells to search and destroy bacteria, virally infected cells, and cancer cells.
protein produced by white blood cells; provides signals to regulate immunological aspects of cell growth and function during both inflammation and specific immune response
Any of many different immune system hormones, such as Interleukin-2.
Chemical mediator or growth factor secreted by cells (principally lymphocytes and monocyte derived cells).
any of several regulatory proteins that are released by cells of the immune system and help in the generation of an immune response.
A cytokine is any of a number of substances, such as interferon, interleukin, and growth factors, that are secreted by certain cells of the immune system and have an effect on other cells. See: Jan Marini TGF Beta-1 Clinical Notes; Jan Marini TGF Serum; Jan Marini TGF Cream; Jan Marini TGF Eye Cream. Containing Topical Interferon: Jan Marini Age Intervention Serum; Jan Marini Age Intervention Cream; Jan Marini Age Intervention Hands. See also phagocyte, leukocyte, monocyte and lymphocyte.
A chemical which acts as a cellular messenger, typically of the immune system.
One of the proteins produced by white blood cells.
A soluble protein, produced by white blood cells, that acts as a messenger between cells, either stimulating or inhibiting the activity of various cells of the immune system. There is normally a very delicate balance among the various cytokines.
Proteins manufactured by cells of various lineages that, when secreted, drive specific responses (e.g., proliferation, growth, or maturation) in other susceptible cells.
protein produced by some white blood cells (macrophages, monocytes, lymphocytes) used as messangers. Cytokinds produced in the lymph system are also called lymphokinds.
A cytokine is a compound that is secreted by many cell types and functions to regulate the intensity and duration of immune responses.
proteins (such as interleukins, tumor necrosis factor, and interferons) that are secreted by immune cells.
Messenger molecules by which the cells of the immune system communicate with one another and with other cells. Some cytokines are also used by nerve cells as messenger molecules. Cytokines play an important role in inflammation.
proteins released by cells when in contact with antigen, acting as intercellular mediators/messengers in the generation of an immune response.
a soluble, hormone-like protein produced by white blood cells that acts as a messenger between cells. Cytokines can stimulate or inhibit the growth and activity of various immune cells. Cytokines are essential for a coordinated immune response and can also be used as immunologic adjuvants. HIV replication is regulated by a delicate balance among cytokines.
A compound that acts as a chemical messenger between cells in the immune system and other immune and nonimmune cells; if their levels are not controlled tightly, cytokines can damage or kill neurons.
Any of a class of immunoregulatory substances that are secreted by cells of the immune system.
an intercellular hormone or chemical messenger protein (e.g., tumor necrosis factor, interleukin) released by white blood cells (e.g., macrophages, T-cells). Cytokines facilitate communication among immune system cells and between immune system cells and the rest of the body. Cytokines coordinate several aspects of the immune response including stimulating antibody production, promoting the migration of phagocytes to the site of an infection, and activating cytotoxic T-lymphocytes.
soluble molecules that allow communication between lymphocytes and other cells
a large group of molecules that regulate interactions in the immune system. Cytokines are messengers that carry biochemical signals to regulate local and systemic immune responses, inflammatory reactions, wound healing, formation of blood cells, and many other biologic processes.
Typically defined as autocrine regulatory molecules, as well as cell-cell communication chemicals; generally restricted to immune cells, though functions vary widely.
messengerâ€ molecule that allows cells to communicate and alter one anotherâ€(tm)s function
active protein secreted by a cell for the purpose of altering cell fuctions
A type of protein that is released by cells. Cytokines control numerous cellular functions including cell growth, differentiation, and the inflammatory response.
A protein or peptide that is outside the cell and serves as a communication signal to cells. Examples are interleukins, interferons, and tumor necrosis factors that facilitate the inflammatory response.
A protein produced by leukocytes, which regulates the antibacterial activity of other leukocytes.
Generic term for non-antibody proteins that are involved in the immune response system, such as lymphokines.
(SIGH toh KINE): Generic term for nonantibody proteins, such as lymphokines. Involved in immune response.
Cytokines are a group of proteins and peptides that are used in organisms as signaling compounds. These chemical signals are similar to hormones and neurotransmitters and are used to allow one cell to communicate with another. The cytokine family consists mainly of smaller water-soluble proteins and glycoproteins (proteins with an added sugar chain) with a mass of 8-30 k Da.