The breakdown of glucose to carbon dioxide and water.
A complex biochemical process in which one molecule of glucose is anaerobically converted into two molecules of pyruvate and energy in the form of ATP.
the first step in cellular respiration. The breakdown of 6-carbon glucose to two 3-carbon pyruvic acids.
Reactions of the Embden-Meyerhof pathway in which glucose is oxidized to pyruvate.
the subdivision of cellular respiration in which glucose molecules are broken down to form pyruvic acid molecules.
the harvesting of chemical energy by rearranging the chemical bonds of glucose to form two molecules of pyruvate and two molecules of ATP.
A process in which glucose (sugar) is partially broken down by cells in enzyme reactions that do not need oxygen. Glycolysis is one method that cells use to produce energy. When glycolysis is linked with other enzyme reactions that use oxygen, more complete breakdown of glucose is possible and more energy is produced.
degradation of glucose in the absence of oxygen; first stage of glucose degradation in a multistep sequence in which two ATP molecules are generated leading to pyruvate; pyruvate is oxidized in the Krebs cycle.
Ubiquitous metabolic pathway in the cytosol in which sugars are incompletely degraded with production of ATP. (Literally, "sugar splitting.")
The anaerobic production of ATP from carbohydrate. This is the primary energy source for intense exercise for short periods of duration.
(Greek, glykys = sweet, referring to sugar + Iyein = to loosen) A set of ten chemical reactions that is the first stage in the metabolism of glucose.
An enzyme path for breaking down sugars.
The first step of aerobic and anaerobic respiration. Glycolysis produces ATP while converting glucose to pyruvate, which is the raw material for the rest of aerobic respiration.
Anaerobic conversion of sugars to lactate or pyruvate in the cytosol with the production of ATP. Further degradation via the citric acid cycle occurs in the mitochondrion and is coupled to oxidative phosphorylation.
(gly kol´ li sis) [from glucose + Gr. lysis: loosening] • The enzymatic breakdown of glucose to pyruvic acid. One of the oldest energy-yielding machanisms in living organisms.
The anaerobic cytoplasmic breakdown of glucose into lactic acid by way of pyruvic acid, with a net gain of two ATP molecules.
a metabolic process that breaks down carbohydrates and sugars through a series of reactions to either pyruvic acid or lactic acid and release energy for the body in the form of ATP
gli-KOL-eh-sis A catabolic pathway occurring in the cytoplasm of all cells. One molecule of glucose splits and rearranges into two molecules of pyruvic acid. 127
The splitting of glucose into pyruvate. Glycolysis is the one metabolic pathway that occurs in all living cells, serving as the starting point for fermentation or aerobic respiration.
The metabolic process in which glucose divided in half to pyruvate or lactic acid.
The conversion and utilization glucose
Ten step metabolic process which converts glucose to ATP used by the body for energy.
The universal cellular metabolic process in the cell's cytoplasm where 6-carbon glucose is split into two 3-carbon pyruvate molecules, and some ATP and NADH are produced. Click here to view the On-Line Biology Book chapter on glycolysis.
Glycolysis is the metabolic pathway responsible for the breakdown of glucose to 2 molecules of pyruvate. The pyruvate can be converted to acetyl CoA to enter the citric acid cycle. This pathway is described in lesson 3.
The metabolic pathway by which hexose and triose sugars are broken down to simpler substances, especially pyruvate or lactate. This pathway produces 2 molecules of ATP.
Glycolysis is the process of transforming glucose into lactic acid in the muscles (or other tissues), for energy production when sufficient oxygen is not available in an emergency situation.
the process by which sugars are converted to acids.
A series of of chemical reactions in the cytosol of a cell in which a molecule of glucose is split into two molecules of pyruvic acid with the production of two molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP).
This process occurs in all organisms, and is responsible for converting glucose to pyruvate and generating ATP in the process. Glycolysis does not require oxygen to function.
the degradation of sugars into smaller compounds; the main quantitative anaerobic energy process in the muscle tissue.