A condition of the body in which there is not enough insulin. Free fatty acids are released from fat cells and produce ketones in the liver. These ketones or acids result in an imbalance of the blood (acidosis). In the more acute state, the result is ketoacidosis. Large amounts of sugar and ketones are found in urine, electrolytes are imbalanced, and dehydration is present. The onset is usually slow. The condition leads to loss of appetite, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting, rapid and deep respiration, and coma. Death may occur.
high blood glucose, often caused by illness or taking too little insulin.
Serious disorder that results from a deficiency or inadequate use of carbohydrates. Characterized by fluid and electrolyte disorders, dehydration and mental confusion. If left untreated, coma and death may occur. It is usually a complication of diabetes mellitus but may also be seen in starvation and rarely in pregnancy if diet is inadequate. See Diabetes mellitus: insulin and non-insulin dependent.
This is when the blood turns acidic from a high level of ketones when there is a dificiency of Insulin. This condition can develop into a diabetic coma
the dangerous accumulation of chemicals called ketones in the blood, sometimes occurring as a complication of diabetes mellitus; also called ketosis
Raised levels of ketone bodies in the body tissues. Ketone bodies are normal products of fat metabolism and can be oxidized to produce energy. Elevated levels arise when there is an imbalance in fat metabolism which can occur in diabetes.
Ketoacidosis is the presence of abnormally high levels of ketones in the blood. Ketones are acidic and make the blood highly acidic too. This blood acidity is called "acidosis" and it causes major biochemical upsets in the body, and can to nausea, vomiting, pain, confusion, coma and death.
A condition caused by lack of insulin, resulting in ketone build-up in the blood. Can cause coma or death.
excessive acidity of body fluids due to an excess of ketones.
acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
is a serious condition where the body has dangerously high levels of ketones -- or acids that build up in the blood -- and it can lead to diabetic coma (passing out for a long time) or even death.
(or diabetic coma) a severe condition in caused by a lack of insulin or an elevation in stress hormones. It is marked by high blood sugar levels and ketones in the urine, and occurs more frequently in those with Type I diabetes.
A dangerous condition in which ketone levels build up in the blood and ketones "spill" into the urine. Ketones are poisonous substances.
is a severe complication of diabetes that is the result of high blood sugar levels and ketones often associated with poor control of diabetes or as a complication due to other illnesses.
An increase in ketones in the blood sufficient to cause the body's acid balance to tip. An emergency situation that may result in coma and death if untreated.
is when people with diabetes don't have enough insulin in their system, the body starts to break down fat for energy and ketones are produced as a by-product. If this continues, the ketones can cause the pH of the blood to change and a very dangerous condition called Ketoacidosis develops. Click here for more.
A disturbance of body chemistry seen in starvation or as a complication of insulin-dependent diabetes.
A medical emergency that can lead to coma or death and is caused by too many ketones in your bloodstream.
A dangerous and potentially fatal disease caused by an excess of ketones causing the blood to become acidic. When there is an insufficient amount of insulin to process the glucose, the body breaks down fat for energy. The by-product of this breakdown is the production of ketones – which can quickly build up and become highly toxic. Ketones are eliminated in the urine and can be detected using special urine strips.
diabetic acidosis, caused by the enhanced production of ketone bodies.
a physical state, often associated with diabetes, where the body burns fat as opposed to carbohydrates as a source of fuel, producing ketones. Ketones can cause bad breath which can be confused with the odor of alcohol and will register as ethyl alcohol on most breath machines, producing a falsely high blood-alcohol reading.
A serious condition caused by an accumulation of ketoacids in the blood resulting from the body deriving energy from non-glucose sources during hyperglycaemia. Usually seen in type 1 diabetes, ketoacidosis can lead to coma if not immediately treated with insulin.
A complication of type 1 diabetes. In ketoacidosis, body tissues become too acidic because of a buildup of poisonous ketones. (see ketones) Ketoacidosis occurs when too little insulin is present in the body. It is a medical emergency that must be treated at once, often in a hospital. The symptoms of ketoacidosis include tiredness, unexplained rapid weight loss, fruity odor to the breath, frequent urination, stomach pain, and rapid labored breathing.
uncontrolled blood glucose and ketone levels that cause dehydration, concentration of body fluids, build up of acids (acidosis) and coma (see diabetic ketoacidosis)
A condition caused by lack of insulin that could result in severe dehydration and a high-acid condition in the body.
A sign of poor diabetic control in which toxic substances known a ketone bodies build up in the blood and cause it to become acidic. Ketoacidosis may induce diabetic coma.
(Diabetic ketoacidosis) A serious medical condition resulting from uncontrolled diabetes. Ketoacidosis occurs when the body uses fat as an energy source and ketones build up in the blood. Ketoacidosis starts slowly and builds up. Ketoacidosis is a medical emergency and requires immediate medical treatment.
An acute complication caused by a lack of insulin in the blood. Without insulin, the cells cannot use glucose. Before they starve, the body breaks down fat for energy. Fat metabolism introduces high levels of ketones into the blood and urine. When ketone blood levels rise, ketoacidosis develops, causing difficulty breathing, coma, and possibly death.
a serious condition caused by too little insulin; caused by high levels of glucose and ketones in urine
A feature of uncontrolled diabetes mellitus characterized by a combination of ketosis and acidosis . Ketosis is the accumulation of substances called ketone bodies in the blood. Acidosis is increased acidity of the blood. See the entire definition of Ketoacidosis
A life-threatenting condition in which ketones, which result from the breakdown of fat for energy, accumulate in the blood stream and the pH of the blood decreases. Ketoacidosis is when the body has an insufficient supply of insulin it cannot metabolize carbohydrates. Because of this inability to metabolize carbohydrates, the muscles become starved for glucose needed to provide the energy for work. In order to get that needed energy, the muscle breaks down fat. Fat, when metabolized produces the by-products called Ketones, which are normally excreted in the urine. If the body is unable to clear the ketones through the kidneys, they build to toxic levels and eventually lead to ketoacidosis. At the same time the body is producing ketones, it is not using glucose. The kidneys, through the production of urine, must remove both. The higher the ketones and unused glucose levels, the more urine must be produced and the body will become dehydrated.
See Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA)
What happens in the body when not enough insulin is available. Blood sugar is usually high at this time. Moderate or large ketones are present in the urine.
Ketoacidosis is the result of the breakdown of fats causing an increase in fatty acids and ketones. The patient has a characteristic fruity or "new moan hay" smell and breathing becomes rapid in an attempt to correct acid/base balance. This acidotic state can lead to stupor, coma, and death.
Increased acid in the bloodstream accompanied by the accumulation of ketone bodies. Ketones are a byproduct of fat metabolism. When glucose levels are inadequate, the liver converts fatty acids to ketones, which are used as fuel by the muscles.
A very serious condition in which the body does not have enough insulin. An excess release of free fatty acids causes high levels of ketones in the blood and urine. Also see diabetic ketoacidosis.
Ketoacidosis is a type of metabolic acidosis which is caused by high concentrations of keto acids, formed by the deamination of amino acids. This is most common in untreated type 1 diabetes mellitus, when the liver breaks down fat and proteins in response to a perceived need for respiratory substrate. Ketoacidosis should not be confused with ketosis, which is one of the body's normal processes for the metabolism of body fat.