A neurodegenerative disease caused by the loss of neurons in the brain responsible for learning and memory. AD can cause progressive loss of memory, the ability to communicate, time and space orientation and abstract thinking skills.
A progressive degenerative disease of the brain of unknown cause. Alzheimer's disease is characterized by widespread loss of nerve cells, particularly in the outer region of the brain (cerebral cortex), with distinctive neurodegenerative changes (including senile plaques and neurofibrillary tangles) and reduced activity of acetylcholine and other neurotransmitters of the brain. The disease is the most common cause of dementia or progressive deterioration of thought processing and acquired intellectual abilities. Associated symptoms include initial forgetfulness with increasingly severe memory impairment; disorientation and confusion; loss of the ability to recognize familiar people or objects through sensory stimuli (agnosia); and speech disturbances. The disorder may also be characterized by restlessness and agitation; an increasingly impaired ability to conduct purposeful movements; personality disintegration; and symptoms of psychosis, such as the perception of sights, sounds, or other sensations in the absence of external stimuli (hallucinations) and false beliefs of persecution despite evidence to the contrary (paranoid delusions).
a form of senile dementia that affects the elderly. There are many theories about Alzheimer's origins but its cause remains poorly understood. The latest findings point to its promotion by exposure and consumption of aluminum, that exists in our water supply, antiperspirants, aluminum cans and utensils, commercial processed foods, and elsewhere. There is some evidence that silicon can bind aluminum and help prevent the deleterious effects from aluminum consumption.
A progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain leading to loss of cognitive function including memory and language. It is the most well known type of dementia.
Recommendation Zinc"Maintain adequate zinc status: Reduced levels of zinc are being linked to Alzheimer's disease..." Recommendation Selenium"See the link between Alzheimer's Disease and Zinc..."
disabling neurological disorder characterized by dysfunction and death of specific cerebral neurons; this results in widespread intellectual impairment, personality changes, and fluctuations in alertness
Chronic, organic mental disorder consisting of dementia, which is more prevalent in adults between 40 and 60. Involves progressive disorientation, apathy, speech and gait disturbances, and loss of memory.
Disease that affects memory and thinking. Patients with Alzheimer may lose their ability to recognize familiar people and objects, and to perform daily activities. Their bodies may remain strong. Autopsy of brains of Alzheimer's patients shows tangles of nerve fibers.
A dementia involving a progressive atrophy of cortical tissue and marked by memory impairment, involuntary movements of limbs, occasional convulsions, intellectual deterioration, and psychotic behaviour.
a condition that affects memory and muscular coordination.
A progressive, irreversible form of dementia. It is the most common form of dementia that affects 5% of those over 65 and 20% of those over 80. The cause of the disease is unknown at this time. Symptoms begin with loss of memory and rational thinking and usually progresses to total disability over a number of years. Its effects are mainly on the mind, not the physical body.
Recommendation Vitamin Folic Acid"...Low folate levels can trigger a build-up of the amino acid homocysteine, which has been linked to higher risk of Alzheimer's and accelerated atrophy of the medial temporal lobe in Alzheimer's patients..."
A progressive form of pre-senile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s; first symptoms are impaired memory which is followed by impaired thought and speech and finally complete helplessness. See also: senile dementia See also: Treatment
A severe, degenerative, incurable disease that affects the brain and the ability to remember, think, and function. See our other Hot Topics: Alzheimer's Disease: A Family Affair and a Growing Social Problem, and Alzheimer's Disease.
Brain disease characterised by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain leading to loss of cognitive function such as memory and language
A progressive, irreversible disease characterized by degeneration of the brain cells and severe loss of memory causing the individual to become dysfunctional and dependent upon others for basic living needs.
Recommendation Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)"Both vitamin E and vitamin C supplements reduced the incidence of Alzheimer's disease in a 1998 study..."
a condition of progressive mental deterioration that usually occurs in late-middle-aged or elderly persons.
Progressive, degenerative brain disorder characterized by irreversible deterioration in memory, intelligence, awareness, and control of bodily functions, eventually leading to death.
Recommendation Aluminum Consumption Avoidance"...High sources of aluminum in the diet include: aluminum cooking utensils, aluminum-containing antacids, tap water (which may have aluminum sulfate added to remove particulate and organic matter)..."
a brain disorder characterized by difficulty in forming new memories and by general mental deterioration. 74
The most common type of age-related, progressive dementia, produced by death of neurons in a variety of brain regions. The disease is characterized by two pathological features in the brain: neuritic plaques and neurofibrillary tangles.
dementia associated with specific pathologic changes
Recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance"Keep your weight down, and keep simple sugars and refined carbohydrates to a minimum..."
a chronic, progressive disorder that accounts for more than 50% of all dementias (a broad term for cognitive deficit, including memory impairment). The most common form occurs in people older than 65, but the presenile form can begin between ages 40 and 60. The disease begins with mild memory loss, which then progresses to deterioration of intellectual functions, personality changes, and speech and language problems. The terminal stage may include seizures, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, or depression.
A disorder involving deterioration of mental functions resulting from changes in brain tissues, including shrinkage of brain tissues. The cause is unknown.
degenerative brain disorder; type of dementia that is currently irreversible; progressive deterioration includes memory loss, impaired judgment, confusion and personality change. The neurological damage occurs at a pathway of acetylcholine-releasing cells that run from the base of the forebrain to the cortex and hippocampus.
Recommendation Melatonin"...After exposing nerve cells to inorganic mercury, neurobiologists observed a toxic reaction that reduced cellular levels of the antioxidant glutathione by 30%, triggered the release of plaque-forming ß-amyloid peptides, and spurred the hyperphosphorylation of tau-protein - all pivotal mechanisms in the development and progression of..."
Recommendation Testosterone"...Increasing levels of adrenal hormones such as cortisol, which rise in response to stress and aging, may also play an important role in Alzheimer's..."
Dementia that causes a serious decline of intellectual functions, including memory, the ability to think, and motor skills.
a progressive, irreversible disease characterized by degeneration of the brain cells and commonly leading to severe dementia.
A degenerative, generally inherited disorder of the central nervous system that causes a devastating decline in mental ability. Characterized by progressive inability to remember facts, events, friends and family. Mutations in four genes are currently believed to play a role in the development of this disease, which is the 4th leading cause of death in adults. Non-genetic factors may also be involved.
A progressive disease which affects some areas of brain functioning.
Alzheimer's is a disease that affects memory and thinking. Alzheimer's patients may lose their ability to recognize familiar people and objects, and to take care of the activities of daily living. Their bodies may remain strong. After death, the brains of Alzheimer's patients show tangles of nerve fibers.
The most common form of dementia in older persons that affects many areas of cognitive function, particularly relating to memory loss. It is slowly progressive and significantly affects activities of daily living.
Recommendation DHA (docosahexaenoic acid)"Over 1200 patients participated in an epidemiological study which showed that people with high DHA levels were 45% less likely to develop dementia than people with low DHA levels..."
A degenerative brain disease. Characterized by memory loss anddisorientation.
the most common cause of dementia in people aged 65 and older. Nearly all brain functions, including memory, movement, language, judgment, behavior, and abstract thinking, are eventually affected.
A mid-to-late life acquired, progressive, persistent degeneration in several spheres of mental activity including memory, language and communication, personality, visuospatial skills, and orientation; most common type of dementia.
A progressive, irreversible disease characterized by degeneration of brain cells. It may occur as early as age 40, but prevalence increases with advancing age. It occurs more often in women than men. Alzheimer's involves loss of memory, deterioration of intellectual functions, apathy, speech and gait disturbances, and disorientation. It may take from a few months to four or five years to progress to complete loss of intellectual function.
A common form of dementia of unknown cause, usually starting in late middle age. It is characterized by memory lapses, confusion, emotional instability and progressive loss of mental ability. It is named after Alois Alzheimer, German neurologist, who described it in 1907.
Most common form of dementia, a chronic organic brain disease leading to progressive loss of brain functional and eventual death
a progressively degenerative disease, involved with loss of memory, which new research indicates might be helped with extra choline.
A type of dementia that causes confusion, memory failure, speech disturbances, and inability to function.
a brain disorder that inflicts gradual loss of memory and ability to function.
also called Senile Dementia Alzheimer's Type: SDAT] A progressive disease characterized by loss of brain function, including impairment of memory, judgment, reasoning, speech, and socialization. Rarely striking before the age of 50, the progression of the disease takes from a few months to as much as five years before complete loss of cognitive function.
A disease marked by the loss of cognitive ability and memory due to abnormal tissue development in the brain.
a debilitating disease that causes memory loss, dementia, personality change, and eventually, death. Not all cases are inherited, but genes have been found for familial forms of Alzheimer's disease.
progressive mental deterioration characterized by memory loss, confusion, and disorientation, starting in mid-life; associated with neuron death and degeneration in the portions of the brain that carry out these functions, namely the cerebral cortex and basal forebrain.progressive mental deterioration characterized by memory loss, confusion, and disorientation, starting in mid-life; associated with neuron death and degeneration in the portions of the brain that carry out these functions, namely the cerebral cortex and basal forebrain.
The commonest cause of dementia in the Western World (55-70% of all cases). [See Diagnosis] [ Quick find
A progressive and irreversible brain disease. Early symptoms include forgetfulness, impaired concentration, and intellectual deterioration. Later as symptoms worsen, the persons becomes physically and intellectually disabled.
a condition of progressive mental deterioration manifested by memory loss, confusion, and disorientation that begins after age 65 in its most common form, but the presenile forms can occur between the ages of 40 and 60; the course of the disease may take 10-15 years; death results from immobility.
A progressive dementia caused by destruction of the brain cells (neurones). As the disease advances it may cause changes in personality, disturbing behaviour, loss of physical coordination and increased dependence on a caregiver.
Alzheimer's Disease is a progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain, leading to loss of mental functions and physical function. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia.
A condition first identified in 1907 by a German physician named Alois Alzheimer. The disease usually appears after age sixty-five and results from brain atrophy. The cause is still unknown. The main symptoms are loss of memory (mostly recent memory), disorientation, and a deterioration in social habits. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) A disease causing a deterioration of the spinal cord resulting in the wasting away of muscles. Also known as Lou Gehrig's disease.
A progressive, incurable condition that destroys brain cells, gradually causing loss of intellectual abilities -- such as memory -- and extreme changes in personality and behavior.
A progressive, degenerative, and neurological illness characterized by chemical and structural changes in the brain. It is the most common type of dementia.
A progressive, degenerative disease that occurs in the brain and results in impaired memory, thinking, and behavior.
A degenerative disease in which neurons of the brain die, leading to the loss of the ability to think, learn and remember (dementia).
a disease marked by progressive loss of mental capacity resulting from degeneration of the brain cells
neurological disorder characterized by dysfunction and death of specific cerebral neurons with widespread, progressive intellectual impairment, personality changes and alertness
A degenerative disease of the central nervous system characterized especially by premature senile mental deterioration. Alzheimer's Association Alzheimer's Foundation
Severe form of dementia associated with significant deterioration of brain tissue and amyloid plaques.
A form of organic dementia resulting in premature mental deterioration, first described in 1906 by German neurologist, Alois Alzheimer.
a brain disorder causing loss of memory and serious mental deterioration not normal aging
A progressive, irreversible disease, most prevalent late in life, characterized by deterioration of the brain cells and leading to impaired mental functioning.
First described in 1906, this is a form of organic dementia resulting in premature mental deterioration.
A condition that primarily affects elderly people and is characterized by severe loss of memory, dementia, and behavior change.
A chronic non-contagious disease of the brain characterized by slow but steady metal deterioration.
Pre-senile or senile dementia with progressive mental impairment. Characterized pathologically by the presence of excessive neurofibrillary tangles and senile plaques.
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia. Over months or years, this disease cripples the brain's nerve cells. Alzheimer's disease destroys memory and learning.
a progressive neurological disease that affects brain functions, including short-term memory loss, inability to reason, and the deterioration of language and the ability to care for oneself.
A disease in which the brain gradually deteriorates and one progressively loses memory, the ability to speak, and the ability to feed ones-self. In the end stages, this disease results in death.
A form of degenerative brain disease resulting in progressive mental deterioration with disorientation, memory disturbance and confusion. Alzheimer's leads to progressive dementia, often accompanied by dysphasia and/or dyspraxia. The condition may also give rise ultimately to spastic weakness and paralysis of the limbs, epilepsy and other variable neurological signs.
A degenerative disorder of brain nerve cells manifested by memory loss, confusion and disorientation; usually begins in middle or late life with gradual progression.
a disease that causes memory loss, personality changes, dementia and, ultimately, death. Not all cases are inherited, but genes have been found for familial forms of Alzheimer's disease.
The most common dementing illness of the elderly in the UK. The neuropathology of Alzheimer's is significantly different from that of CJD and the clinical course of the disease is normally of the order of several years.
The most common dementing illness of the elderly in industrialized countries.
a disease characterized by, among other things, progressive loss of memory. The development of Alzheimer's disease is thought to be associated at least in part with possessing certain alleles of the gene, which encodes apolipoprotein E.
A progressive degenerative disease of the brain that causes impairment of memory and dementia, manifested by confusion, visual-spatial disorientation, inability to calculate, and deterioration of judgment; delusions and hallucinations may occur. The most common degenerative brain disorder, Alzheimer's disease makes up 70 percent of all cases of dementia. Onset is usually in late middle life, and death typically ensues in 5-10 years. (Stedman's Medical Dictionary)
most common type of dementia. A progressively developing condition first affecting cognition (memory, reasoning, logic thought, etc.).Later, other complications may occur, such as emotional and behavioural disorders. During the first years of the disease patients, if supervised closely, may continue to live on their own for a fairly long period.
About 55% of dementia are due to early- or late-onset Alzheimer's disease; involves the abnormal production of the protein amyloid.
Senile dementia occurring at an early age. One of Actelion's major drug discovery projects focuses on Alzheimer's disease.
A brain disease which causes loss of memory and serious mental deterioration.
A disease of progressive loss of intellectual abilities involving impairment of memory, judgment, and abstract thinking, as well as changes in personality. It is characterized by atrophy of the brain's cortex and has distinctive histologic changes.
also called SDAT (senile dementia Alzheimer's type). This disease is characterized by a general loss of intellectual ability and impairment of memory, judgment and abstract thinking, as well as changes in personality. Other symptoms include loss of speech, disorientation and apathy. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, rarely occurring before the age of 50. The disease takes from a few months to four or five years to progress to complete loss of intellectual function.
The loss of important abilities including speaking, thinking, learning, remembering, and the capacity for deliberate actions and movements. Alzheimer's Disease is progressive and non-reversible.
A degenerative brain disorder characterized by memory loss followed by increasing disorientation and culminating in total physical and mental helplessness and death. One of the major sites of the destruction is a pathway of acetylcholine-releasing cells leading from the base of the forebrain to the cortex and hippocampus. See also acetylcholine.
A progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain. This leads to loss of cognitive functions such as memory and language.
A degenerative brain disease. Characterized by memory loss and disorientation.
A degenerative brain disease. See: Ginkgo Biloba
An illness (not a normal part of aging) that causes a person to have difficulty remembering, thinking, making judgments and performing other mental activities; first described in 1906 by Alois Alzheimer.
A degenerative disease of the brain which attacks nerve cells in the cortex of the brain thereby impairing a person's abilities to think and function
a progressive form of dementia in which many areas of the brain shrink and decline in function, causing a steady loss of memory and other cognitive skills
Recommendation Folic Acid"...In brain samples showing numerous Alzheimer's disease brain lesions, researchers found that significantly lower blood levels of folate corresponded with more severe atrophy of the neocortex, the region of the brain containing a rich supply of nerve cells..."
A progressive condition in which nerve cells degenerate in the brain and the brain substance shrinks. Alzheimer's disease is common cause of dementia. In this condition, there is a reduced level acetylcholine - a type of chemical transmitter in the brain. This disorder is more common with increasing age. Currently, there is no cure.
A condition where the brain develops abnormal protein deposits and tissues, which leads to problems with memory and thought processes.
A progressive, degenerative form of dementia that causes severe intellectual deterioration.
A disorder resulting from degenerative changes in populations of neurons in the cerebrum, causing dementia characterized by problems with attention, short-term memory, and emotions.
A specific disease associated with the breakdown of nervous tissue in the brain, giving rise to a dementia in the patient. This seems to be one of the most common conditions of older people in the Western world.
A progressive, degenerative disease that causes severe mental deterioration.
A progressive, degenerative form of dementia that affects brain functions, causing loss of short-term memory, the ability to reason, the ability to care for oneself, and deterioration of language skills. While Alzheimer's is currently not curable, several new medications can slow the rate of degeneration for many people.
Degenerative neurological disease (dementia) that generally affects older people resulting in memory loss and inability to learn due to death of nerve cells in brain.
a disease in which patients become increasingly forgetful, eventually unable to recognize friends and family, or even remember their own names. There is some evidence that estrogen deficiency plays a part in the development of this disease.
A progressive, neurodegenerative disease characterized by loss of function and death of nerve cells in several areas of the brain, leading to loss of mental functions such as memory and learning. Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia.
A progressive disease in which nerve cells in the brain degenerate and brain matter shrinks, resulting in impaired thinking, behavior and memory.
A progressive and irreversible organic disease, typically occurring in the elderly and characterized by degeneration of the brain cells, leading to dementia, of which Alzheimer's is the single most common cause. Progresses from forgetfulness to severe memory loss and disorientation, lack of concentration, loss of ability to calculate numbers and finally to increased severity of all symptoms and significant personality changes.
Recommendation Zinc"..., Trace Elements in Medicine, 91;8(1): pp..."
Recommendation Ginkgo Biloba"...One effect of Ginkgo extract is that of promoting vasodilation and blood flow, thus providing a therapeutic effect on cognitive disorders and high blood pressure..."
A disorder marked by progressive mental deterioration (dementia), including memory loss, confusion, reduction of functional activity, and fluctuations in alertness, usually beginning in later middle life. Use of dexamethasone suppression test (DST) has been suggested to help in differential diagnosis of dementia and depression (also a frequent disease of later life). This is important, as adequate treatment may produce improvement in depressive disease. See dexamethasone suppression test.
Recommendation Zinc"...An increase was found in aluminum, silicon and calcium; a significant decrease was found in zinc and selenium..."
Recommendation Test for Heavy Metals"...See discussion of Melatonin for details..." Recommendation Melatonin"Ensure normal melatonin levels..."
Recommendation Testosterone"The popular image of this sex hormone is primarily as a muscle-building machismo-inducing substance that "pumps men up", yet clinical research is uncovering important roles for testosterone in many other diverse areas of health and physiology, including the brain..." Recommendation Test for Hormones"Make sure estrogen and testosterone levels are normal..."
Recommendation Vitamin B-Complex"Optimize your B-complex status, especially folic acid and B12..." Recommendation Vitamin B12 (Cobalamine)"Low levels of vitamin B12 have been linked to an increased risk Alzheimer's disease..."
Is a chronic dementia that is gradual in onset and progressive in nature. The disease causes atrophy of the brain and the individual shows signs of progressive deterioration of mental functioning.
Recommendation Estrogen Replacement"...I believe if phytoestrogens are unable to stop the hot flashes then it would be wise to use small amounts of estrogens to stop them..."
Recommendation Chlorella"A study showed that among 50 people with Alzheimer's, aged 70-90, taking 6gm daily of chlorella for 6 months, 68% experienced either a stabilization or improvement in cognitive functions..."
A form of dementia ( Ch. 23).
Our Question about duration of reasonably-controlled diabetes"...Researchers have found that diabetes mellitus nearly doubles the risk of developing both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease, according to a Rotterdam Study that tracked dysglycemia and dementia in over 6,000 individuals over age 55..." Recommendation Processed Foods Avoidance"...Researchers have found that diabetes mellitus (for which these are risk factors) nearly doubles the risk of developing both vascular dementia and Alzheimer's disease..."
Recommendation NSAIDs"At least twenty studies suggest that Ibuprofen and other NSAIDs - common non-prescription drugs - may slow or prevent the onset of Alzheimer's disease by as much as 60%..."
Named for Dr. Alois Alzheimer, who first described the disease in 1907, Alzheimer's disease causes gradually increasing dementia, including memory loss, confusion, problems with judgment, planning and concentration, and personality changes; in its later stages it also affects physical abilities. The disease's causes, cures and preventions are unknown. Click for full entry Sleep Disorders
Recommendation Aspartame (Nutrasweet) Avoidance" Aspartame use has been reported to trigger symptoms of Alzheimer's disease..."
A neurodegenerative disease that causes progressive memory loss and severe dementia in advanced cases. Alzheimer's disease is associated with certain abnormalities in brain tissue, involving a particular protein, beta-amyloid. The gene encoding amyloid has been located and cloned from chromosome 21.
Recommendation Acupuncture"...There is solid evidence that acupuncture increases certain neurotransmitters in the brain and can actually stimulate nerve regeneration..."
Alzheimer's disease (AD), also known simply as Alzheimer's, is a neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive cognitive deterioration together with declining activities of daily living and neuropsychiatric symptoms or behavioral changes. It is the most common type of dementia.