These are brief, "jumping", jerking movements. Some myoclonus is normal (during or just before sleep, for example). However it can be a feature of certain diseases, especially, but not only, CJD.
Muscle contractions in the form of "jerks" or twitches. In sleep-related (nocturnal) myoclonus, the jerks are primarily of the flexor groups in the lower extremities and have a characteristic frequency of 20-40 seconds.
rapid, brief, shock-like muscle jerks.
Involuntary rapid, jerky twitching or contraction of muscles.
Pathological sudden involuntary muscle jerking.
jerking, involuntary movements of one muscle or group of muscles, in the arms and legs.
a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
An involuntary, shock-like movement of a limb or other body part that lasts a second or less. The affected limb may appear as though it is twitching or jumping. close window
A single spasm or twitching of a muscle. Myoclonus can be a single event (twitch) or repeated events. Myoclonus can be a normal event (the jerks that occur when we fall asleep) or an abnormal event (those that occur while awake, or those associated with seizures or mitochondrial diseases). Clonus is the repeated spasms of muscles, due to a seizure or increased muscle tone.
shocklike contractions of a portion of a muscle or an entire muscle or a group of muscles. The term ‘myoclonus' is applied to a brief, shock-like muscular contraction which may be confined to a single muscle or may involve many muscles, either successively or simultaneously. Often, contractions may occur symmetrically in muscles on the opposite sides of the body. The contraction may be too slight to cause movement or can cause such violent movement as to throw the person to the ground. The contraction does not affect groups of muscles which are normally synergistically associated, nor does it usually affect mutually antagonistic muscles.
Shock-like contractions of a group of muscles generally due to a central nervous system lesion.
myo-klonus Clonic spasm or twitching of a muscle or group of muscles. Nocturnal Myoclonus--frequently repeated muscular jerks occurring at the moment of dropping off to sleep. Similar jerks that awaken a sleeper occur occasionally in all normal persons. Palatal myoclonus--rhythmic contractions of the soft palat, the facial muscles and the diaphragm, related to lesions of the olivocerebellar pathways. Term: Definition: Description: . .
see nocturnal myoclonus.
quick, non-rhythmic contraction of single muscles or small muscle groups, resulting in a sudden invulontary jerk of one limb. Myoclonic jerks experienced while falling asleep are a benign condition.
An involunatry, lightning-like muscle contraction or jerk that is marked enough to move a joint. Only one limb may be involved or the whold body may jerk as though suddenly startled. This condition is seen in a variety of illnesses, but is also a normal phenomenon when people are falling asleep. Attempts to control abnormal myoclonus usually focus on influencing the sertonergic system whti various agents.
jerking, involuntary movements of the arms and legs. May occur normally during sleep.
Muscle contractions in the form of abrupt "jerks" or twitches generally lasting less than 100 milliseconds. The term should not be applied to the periodic leg movements of sleep that characteristically have a duration of 0.5 - 5 seconds.
Sudden, involuntary jerking of a muscle or group of muscles. Myoclonic twitches or jerks usually are caused by sudden muscle contractions, called positive myoclonus, or by muscle relaxation, called negative myoclonus. Myoclonic jerks may occur alone or in sequence, in a pattern or without pattern. They may occur infrequently or many times each minute. Myoclonus sometimes occurs in response to an external event or when a person attempts to make a movement. The twitching cannot be controlled by the person experiencing it.
abrupt, jerking movements of the arms or legs, usually occurring during sleep
usually generalized seizures causing massive rapid clonic spasms of muscle or group of muscles.
Involuntary, sharp, jerking muscular contractions, often painful.
a condition in which muscles or portions of muscles contract abnormally.
Very brief, involuntary, random muscular contractions. Myoclus can occur spontaneously at rest, in response to sensory stimuli, or with voluntary movements. Rhythmic or arrhyhthmic series of brief, shock-like (unidirectional) contractions of a group of muscles.
Jerking, involuntary movement of arms and legs, usually occurring during sleep.
Myoclonus is sudden twitching of muscles or parts of muscles, without any rhythm or pattern, occurring in various brain disorders .
Twitching or clonic spasm of a muscle or group of muscles.
Twitching or contraction of a muscle or group of muscles.
Myoclonus is brief, involuntary twitching of a muscle or a group of muscles. It describes a medical sign (as opposed to symptom) and, generally, is not a diagnosis of a disease. The myoclonic twitches or jerks are usually caused by sudden muscle contractions; they also can result from brief lapses of contraction.