The Empire which, under King Nebuchadnezzar, conquered the southern kingdom (Judah) in 597 BCE. Under Nebuchadnezzar, the Babylonians destroyed Jerusalem and the Temple in 587 BCE.
The southern kingdom of Mesopotamia. The Babylonian language is a branch of Akkadian. I am not sure what the difference is, if any, between Babylonia and Sumer. Sumer is one of the world's oldest recorded civilizations. See Sumer.
A region of southern Mesopotamia named after the city of Babylon.
(bah-VEL) n. Babylonia (modern day Iraq); Abraham left Sumerian city of Ur (in southern Babylonia) for the Promised Land. After the fall of Jerusalem in the year 70, Bavel became a center of Jewish scholarship devoted to the study and interpretation of the Torah.
an ancient kingdom in southern Mesopotamia; Babylonia conquered Israel in the 6th century BC and exiled the Jews to Babylon (where the Daniel became a counselor to the king)
(noun) Ancient cultural region occupying southeastern Mesopotamia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers (modern southern Iraq from around Baghdad to the Persian Gulf).
Babylonia, named for its capital city, Babylon, was an ancient state in the south part of Mesopotamia (in modern Iraq), combining the territories of Sumer and Akkad. The earliest mention of Babylon can be found in a tablet of the reign of Sargon of Akkad, dating back to the 23rd century BC.