A collection of various cognitive capacities which are responsible for motivation, planning and coordination of action. Back to the top
The ability to organize thoughts and work, to create plans and successfully execute them, to manage the administrative functions of one’s life. Individuals with impaired executive function may appear to live moment-to-moment, fail to monitor their activities or social interactions to make sure plans are carried out (or even made). With diminished ability to create strategies, to handle more than one task at a time, to be effective, reliable, and productive, the simplest job may be too challenging (Osborn, 1998).
A cluster of high-order capacities, which include selective attention, behavioral planning and response inhibition, and the manipulation of information in problem-solving tasks.
according to Dunkla, 1996, the executive function regulates and directs cognitive processes. It organizes behavior, sets goals, and facilitates goal achievement while inhibiting behavior detrimental to goal completion.
the "executor" of processing; the primary abilities of manipulating information so that it is understandable and usable.
The ability to manage organization, priority-setting, time management, and decision making. People with Asperger Syndrome and Learning Disabilities frequently have difficulty with executive functioning; it can also be diagnosed in isolation as a specific nonverbal learning disability.
An organizational cognitive brain function that allows for available information to be used in planning, prioritizing, sequencing, self-monitoring, selfcorrecting, inhibiting, initiating, controlling, or altering behavior.
An umbrella term referring to a number of cognitive functions associated with goal directed behavior. The term is thought to refer to prefrontal brain functions, including things like set maintenance, selective attention, working memory, and inhibitory control. Problems with executive function overlap a number of childhood diagnoses, including LD and ADHD, as well as high functioning autism.
Children with autism, Trevarthen et al Ability to plan complex cognitive tasks, this ability is interfered with by dysfunction in the frontal lobes of the brain.
ability to set a goal, make decisions, and implement appropriate activities towards meeting that goal.