the philosophy and methods of educating deaf students that encourage the use of all modes of communication, as sign language, finger spelling, speech, speechreading, and amplification.
A communication approach that uses any combination of signs, finger spelling, listening with amplification, cued speech, lip-reading, facial expression, body language, reading and writing to express meaning.
Communication method that uses a combination of speech and sign language.
An approach to education of deaf students that combines oral speech, sign language, and finger spelling.
Usher Syndrome An inherited cause of deaf-blindness, this is deafness combined with Retinitis Pigmentosa. Retinitis Pigmentosa is a problem with the retina (at the back of the eye) wich can result in tunnel vision and difficulty seeing in dim light.
Combining sign language and speech (or lip) reading so that a word is signed and spoken at the same time. Total communication can also incorporate sound amplification with lighting or images to give a range of auditory and visual stimulation.
Incorporates appropriate aural, manual, and oral modes of communication in order to ensure effective communication with and among persons with hearing loss. That is, all available means of communication are utilized: Sign Language, finger spelling, gestures, facial expressions, body movements, pantomime, writing, reading, speech, speech reading, amplification with technical aids, pictures, and other means of communication. This is an educational approach that is not generally in use at the present time.
An instructional strategy in which teachers instruct children with severe hearing loss both by speaking to them and by using sign language. The theory is that if the children can learn to speak, then the stimulation is being presented. Even if they do not learn to speak, they will still be provided with a language-rich environment.
An approach to communication for people with a hearing impairment which holds that any method of communication necessary for such pupils to learn effectively should be used. These could include speech, listening, speech reading, Signed English, or Sign Language or any combination of these, depending on the situation. In practice, it has usually meant speech plus Signed English.
A method of communication for individuals in which all modalities are utilized. Techniques such as oral and traditional orthography (writing), sign language, gestures, and augmentative communication are used to enhance expressive and receptive language skills.
Philosophy supporting the right of a deaf or hard of hearing child to communicate in whatever way is most effective for the child, allowing the child to use all available sensory and communication abilities so she will be equipped to decide which method or methods she is most comfortable and confident with: speech, speechreading, residual hearing, sign language, writing, or a combination of these.
Total Communication (TC) is an approach to deaf education that aims to make use of a number of modes of communication such as signed, oral, auditory, written and visual aids, depending on the particular needs and abilities of the child.