A molecule which is a copy of the information contained in DNA. Information encoded by mRNA is used to synthesize proteins inside cells.
nucleic acid that carries instructions to a ribosome for synthesis of a particular protein. RNA is made as an exact copy of a gene from its DNA sequence. It contains regions called “introns” that do not code for protein and that split the coding region of the gene into “exons.” To make the final mRNA molecule the introns are removed and exons joined (spliced) together to form a continuous coding sequence.
messenger ribonucleic acid copied from region of DNA and then used repeatedly for synthesis of a specific protein.
A subset of the total RNA species in a cell that serves as a template to code for protein biosynthesis.
messenger ribonucleic acid; the molecule that carries the message of DNA to the site of protein production in a cell[close window
essenger ibo ucleic cid â€“ a single-stranded structure which carries the instructions from DNA to ribosomes (protein making structures) in cells
RNA species which are used as templates to produce proteins (in the process known as translation). Prokaryotic mRNA consists of an unbroken series of nucleotide bases in the triplet genetic code for amino acids.
An RNA molecule that includes the coding region(s) and the translation signals for a gene or operon. An intermediate that specifies the amino acid sequence of the encoded polypeptide(s) during translation.
An RNA that was produced by the transcription of DNA and that undergoes translation to create proteins.
An RNA copy of the genetic code for a given gene, used as a template in protein synthesis. Also known as poly-A RNA in eukaryotic cells due to a "tail" of "A" nucleotides attached to the end to aid stability, transport etc.
the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
a transient copy of the cell's permanent genetic information that is used to synthesize a specific protein
A single-stranded RNA that acts as the template for the amino acid sequence of proteins.
The type of RNA that acts to carry the genetic information in a form that can be converted into protein.
An RNA molecule transcribed from the DNA of a gene, and from which a protein is translated by the action of ribosomes.
A type of RNA that relays the coding information for proteins from the DNA in the nucleus to the ribosomes in the cytoplasm, where actual protein synthesis occurs.
The single-stranded, edited copy of a gene ultimately translated into protein.
RNA molecule that specifies the amino acid sequence of a protein. Produced by RNA splicing (in eucaryotes) from a larger RNA molecule made by RNA polymerase as a complementary copy of DNA. It is translated into protein in a process catalyzed by ribosomes.
messenger ribonucleic acid that serves as a template for protein synthesis; it carries information from DNA in a cell nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell to mediate transfer of genetic information from the nucleus to ribosomes in the cytoplasm.
See Message RNA (mRNA)
the ribonucleic acid molecule that transmits the genetic information from genomic DNA to the translation machinery where it directs protein synthesis.
messenger ribonucleic acid; assembled from chromosomes in the nucleus then passes to ribosomes in the cytoplasm to synthesize polypeptides.
The RNA molecule, transcribed from the DNA of a gene, which serves as a template and encodes the amino acid sequence of a protein.
A single-stranded polynucleotide molecule. The sugar in the nucleotides is ribose, and the bases are adenine, uracil, cytosine and guanine. The order of the bases of mRNA is determined during transcription of the DNA code in the preduction of mRNA. The mRNA code determines the order of amino acid linking during translation at the ribosome.
a ribonucleic acid molecule that transmits genetic information from DNA to the protein synthesis machinery in cells, where it directs protein synthesis.
RNA that serves as a template for protein synthesis. See genetic code.
Acts as the blueprint for making specific proteins. When the body needs to make a protein, it signals the DNA found inside the nucleus of the cell to "unzip" itself at the segment that codes for the desired protein. The unzipped DNA segment is then copied, producing strands of mRNA.. Once complete, the DNA rezips itself and the newly created mRNA leaves the nucleus of the cell and enters the cytoplasm, where another cell structure called the mitchondria reads the code and assembles the specified protein.
This type of RNA matches with DNA and then moves to the ribosome. Messenger ribonucleic acid. MRNA is transcribed from DNA and carries the instructions about how to make a protein to the ribosome.
messenger, transcribed from DNA in the nucleus and in mitochondria. Is translated by the ribosome in the cytoplasm (or mitochondrial matrix). Intermediate step in gene expression. (DNA- mRNA- protein).
The RNA molecule that conveys from the DNA the information that is to be translated into the structure of a specific polypeptide molecule.