A viral infection that, when contracted by a pregnant woman, can result in severe newborn illness, and sometimes lead to chronic disabilities such as mental retardation, vision and hearing loss.
A virus related to the herpes family found in the lung, liver, blood, bowel, brain and eyes. Symptoms: May produce no symptoms or mild flu-like symptoms; Infections can produce hepatitis, pneumonia, retinitis, colitis and/or encephalitis.
Virus that may lie dormant for many years in patients who were infected in the past. Frequently causes infection in transplant patients. Probably mostly transferred by oral contact, but can also be transferred by blood products. Drugs to prevent or treat the infection exist
a herpesvirus which may cause retinitis, pneumonia, colitis, and encephalitis in immunocompromised people.
A widespread opportunistic virus that can cause disease in an immunosuppressed person.
A herpesvirus that infects directly through mucous membrane contact or via tissue transplant or blood transfusion. Approximately half the adult population in developed countries, and 75% of HIV risk groups have been infected with CMV.
About half of all donors have antibodies to this virus. Although the virus does not cause significant illness in healthy individuals, CMV may cause severe infection in transplant recipients and other patients whose immune systems are impaired. Other patients can safely receive blood that has this antibody.
infection of early embryos is fatal, infection of later fetuses can lead to blindness, deafness, cerebral palsy, and mental retardation. (More? Abnormal Development- Virus)
a virus that can cause infections of various kinds. In young children, CMV usually causes a "cold" like illness, but in people on antirejection medicine it may cause more serious pneumonia, hepatitis or intestinal infection.
Belongs to the herpes group of viruses and is normally not of risk. It can, however, present a much-feared complication for patients with a weakened immune system.
any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epitheltial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
A type of virus which can cause inapparant infections in healthy individuals but is dangerous to immunosuppressed patients. CMV is a member of the herpes family of viruses. The virus may manifest itself as pneumonia, colitis, or hepatitis.
A type of herpes virus that causes salivary gland disease, which is characterized by several abnormities of the white blood cells and is similar to the syndrome caused by the Epstein-Barr Virus.
A virus, which can cause severe disease in unborn babies if their mother catches the infection during pregnancy. Infection is common and by childbearing age 60-80% of the population will have been exposed to the virus. Catching the virus during pregnancy is not common.
One of a group of herpes viruses that can cause fatal infections in immunosuppressed patients.
Cytomegalovirus is a group of herpetoviruses infecting man and other animals, many having special affinity for salivary glands, and causing enlargement of cells of various organs and development of characteristic inclusions in the cytoplasm or nucleus. Also known as visceral disease virus.
A virus related to the herpes family that can cause fever, fatigue, enAWTxtBold d lymph glands, aching, and a mild sore throat. In AIDS, CMV infections can produce hepatitis, pneumonia, retinitis, and colitis. It can sometimes lead to blindness, chronic diarrhea, and death. Â Click here to return to list
CMV testing detects current or past infection with the cytomegalovirus, a member of the herpes family. In adults, this virus which is spread through contact with infected secretions, generally causes a mild self-limited disease characterized by fever, sore throat and swollen glands. However, infection of a fetus during pregnancy can result in stillbirth, mental retardation, hearing loss, and other serious problems. Testing can be done by antibody testing, semen culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Antibody testing detects current or past infection with the cytomegalovirus. Semen culture testing and/or PCR detects an active infection. Only specimens from donors who test negative for the semen culture and PCR or are antibody negative for CMV are released for use. It is important to note that a positive ("reactive") serum antibody titer to CMV indicates only that the individual has been infected with the virus at some time in the past. Unlike HIV, the vast majority of these individuals are not shedding CMV from any site and are not infectious.
a virus that can cause flu-like symptoms. In patients with decreased immunity, it can cause more severe problems such as inflammation of the lungs, liver and intestines.
A common type of virus that can cause a serious illness in persons who have weakened immune systems.
A virus of the herpes family that, in the ophthalmic context, causes infection and inflammation of the retina in patients with A.I.D.S. (CMV Retinitis).
A common virus (a member of the herpes family of viruses) that can cause serious infections in people with compromised immune systems. It can be transmitted sexually.
A viral infection that can cause serious illness in immunosuppressed patients.
A common, usually benign, herpesvirus that can cause life-threatening infection in immunosuppressed individuals.
A virus that may be transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus; may cause brain damage and, in some cases, seizures.
Any of a group of highly host-specific herpes viruses that infect man, monkeys, or rodents, producing unique large cells with intracellular inclusion bodies. The virus can cause a variety of clinical syndromes. Though most are mild or sub-clinical, CMV can cause cardiomyopathy and CMV retinitis causes blindness.
One of the eight known types of human herpesviruses, also known as human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5). It belongs to the beta subfamily of herpesviruses. CMV can cause severe disease in patients with immune deficiency and in newborns when the virus is transmitted in utero.
one group of herpes viruses that infect humans and can cause a variety of clinical symptoms including deafness or hearing impairment; infection with the virus may be either before or after birth.
Cytomegalovirus, a virus which lies dormant in many peoples bodies, and may cause infection, when patients are immunosuppressed. Also called CMV.
Monocytes Mononucleosis Ulceration
refers to a virus that very commonly causes minor infections in persons with normal immune systems or less often but more severe infections of the eye, lungs, liver, or brain in persons with AIDS
A virus belonging to the herpesvirus group, commonly associated with infections of patients who have received medical treatment involving immune suppression. In AIDS patients, CMV may produce pneumonia and inflammation in various organs.
A virus that may produce a “flu” –like illness in adults, but which if it infects a pregnant mother (particularly in the early stages of pregnancy) may damage the development of the unborn baby and lead to mental handicap and physical disabilities.
The most common viral infection following transplantation. Easy to treat.
abbreviation, cytomegalovirus. One disease caused by this virus is CMV retinitis, which can cause blindness if left untreated. CMV disease is an AIDS-defining condition. (commonly abbreviated CMV)
a herpesvirus. CMV infection often occurs in healthy individuals without causing symptoms. In immunocompromised individuals (usually at CD4 counts below 50 cells/mm3), CMV may cause serious illness including retinitis (inflammation of the retina), pneumonia, colitis (inflammation of the large bowel) and encephalitis. CMV infection of a pregnant woman may lead to congenital abnormalities in the newborn. CMV may be treated with ganciclovir, foscarnet or cidofovir.
a virus related to the herpes virus that inhabits the salivary glands.
A virus that lies dormant in many persons' bodies and frequently causes infection post-transplant. Patients who have been exposed to and still carry the virus are CMV-positive.
CMV is a VIRUS related to HERPES, but it is usually not very harmful to people with health immune systems. Persons with HIV or other illnesses or conditions that weaken the immune system can have serious health complications from CMV.
A group of viruses that cause enlargement of cells of various organs. Infection in a fetus can cause jaundice, high-tone deafness, eye problems, malformation, or fetal death.
A very common virus that harmlessly infects many normal people. It causes lots of trouble in transplant patients because the drugs that prevent rejection of the liver allow this virus to be active. Virus activity can effect the liver, blood and eyes. It can be treated if necessary with a drug called ganciclovir.
A herpes infection that causes serious illness in people with AIDS. CMV can develop in any part of the body but most often appears in the retina of the eye, the nervous system, the colon or the esophagus.
A herpes virus that is common cause of opportunistic diseases in persons with HIV disease. CMV can infect most organs of the body. Persons with AIDS are most susceptible to CMV retinitis and colitis.
a very common virus that usually causes a flu-like illness with fever, general body aches, and a decreased appetite which lasts two or three days
human cytomegalovirus (hcmv) rarely causes disease in healthy people. this is particularly true when infection occurs in childhood. most individuals are infected in the first few years of life and by adulthood 70-90% of people have igg antibodies. virus is secreted in the saliva of healthy carriers and transmission usually occurs through close contact. when infection occurs in adulthood it may cause an infectious mononucleosis-like illness associated with hepatitis, fever and lymphacytosis. like other herpes viruses, following primary infection, the virus becomes latent and may reactivate at any stage. the virus is transmitted either by close contact or by blood transfusion.
A virus that infects 50-85% of adults in the US by age 40 and is also the virus most frequently transmitted to a child before birth. Persons with symptoms have a mononucleosis-like syndrome with prolonged fever and mild hepatitis. Once a person becomes infected, the virus remains alive and usually dormant within that person's body for life. Recurrent disease rarely occurs unless the person's immune system is suppressed due to therapeutic drugs or disease. CMV infection is therefore a concern because of the risk of infection to the unborn baby, people who work with children, and immunodeficient people such as transplant recipients and those with HIV.
A type of virus, which can cause non-apparent infections in healthy individuals but is dangerous to immunosuppressed patients. A syndrome similar to infections mononucleosis associated with CMV infection. This virus may manifest itself as pneumonia, colitis or hepatitis.
A virus that can cause pneumonia in blood stem cell transplant patients.
A virus that resides in leukocytes. In certain patient populations, CMV infection can cause fever, hepatitis, pneumonia, and severe brain damage and can ultimately lead to death. In North America, fifty percent or more of the adult population has been exposed to the virus, making transfusion-transmitted CMV a high risk.
A group of viruses that cause enlargement of various organs and may cause birth defects if acquired prenatally. A-B-C | D-E-F | G-H-I-J | K-M-N | P-Q-R | S-T-U ES: Diethylstilbestrol: A synthetic estrogen hormone that some pregnant women were once prescribed to prevent miscarriage; the female offspring of mothers who took DES during pregnancy have a higher rate of vaginal cancer and malformed cervix; male children of these women have a higher rate of genitourinary abnormalities and infertility. DES is no longer prescribed to pregnant women.
a virus that is detectable in the majority of adults. The virus often reactivates when a patient is immunosuppressed. When active, the virus can cause an infection in the lungs (pneumonia), intestine (enteritis), or blood (viremia).
A virus in the same family of viruses as the herpes virus. Once exposed to CMV, the virus is always harbored in the body, either in an active or a dormant state. Symptoms, which are similar to a bad case of the flu or bronchitis- type symptoms, are often mild and overlooked in healthy individuals. Donors are tested for active or contagious states of the virus while participating in the program. If detected, samples are not released for sale. Physicians differ in opinions about the significance of CMV, therefore, recipients should consult their physician before proceeding with insemination.
A herpes family virus sometimes associated with CFS. It has a special affinity for the salivary glands. Sometimes also called salivary gland virus and herpesvirus 5.
a common virus found dormant in most humans but which can cause serious complications in persons with weakened immune systems.
A common and highly contagious viral infection. If contracted during pregnancy, CMV may lead to hearing loss, vision problems, and behavioral problems in the baby.
a herpes virus like EBV that is implicated in some cases of CFS.
Herpes type of virus which occurs continuously in the population. Manifestations of this disease may be minimal (e.g., rash and fever) or severe (e.g., microcephaly, mental retardation, and profound sensorineural hearing loss).
A virus that may be carried in an inactive state for life by healthy individuals. It is a cause of severe pneumonia in people with a suppressed immune system, such as those undergoing bone marrow transplantation or people with leukemia or lymphoma.
(CMV): A member of the herpes virus family which may induce the immune-deficient state or cause active illness, such as pneumonia, in a patient already immune-deficient due to chronic illness, such as cancer or organ transplantation therapy.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV), is a genus of Herpes viruses; in humans the species is known as Human herpesvirus 5 (HHV-5). It belongs to the Betaherpesvirinae subfamily of Herpesviridae. The name means "very big cell virus".