(literally, falsely written) a title for various pseudonymous or anonymous Jewish writings of the third century B.C. to the second century A.D. not found in the Hebrew Bible or Apocrypha. James H. Charlesworth's recently published English translation of the Pseudepigrapha, The Old Testament Pseudepigrapha, 2 vols. (Doubleday, 1983-1985), includes fifty-two documents. Some of the most important of these for gospel studies are Enoch, Jubilees and The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs, portions of all of which have been found in Hebrew or Aramaic at Qumran. - a conjectured Greek work believed by some scholars to be the source of Matthew and Luke's non-Markan sayings. The designation "Q" is usually thought to be an abbreviation of the German Quelle, meaning "source"; however, the designation may have been chosen because Markan material was once thought to be from Peter, or P, and thus some second source would be Q. - an abbreviation used in rabbinic literature for the honorific titles, "Rabbi," "Rabban," "Rav" and "Rabbenu."
Pseudonymous or anonymous Jewish religious writings of the period 200 B.C.E. to 200 C.E., especially those attributed to biblical characters.
A collection of Jewish and early Christian books written between 200 B.C.E and 200 C.E.
Books written in the name of others, usually figures from the distant past. The name is applied to a large body of literature falling outside the limits of the canon.
1. Spurious writings, especially writings falsely attributed to biblical characters or times. 2. A body of texts written between 200 B.C. and A.D. 200 and spuriously ascribed to various prophets and kings of Hebrew Scriptures.
52 texts written between 200 BC and AD 200 but ascribed to various prophets and kings in the Hebrew scriptures; many are apocalyptic in nature
Spurious writing; especially spurious religious writings, falsely ascribed to Scriptural characters or times and not considered as canonical by any branch of the Christian church
Writings with a false attribution of authorship. Esp Jewish religious works 200BC-200AD. The name given to a possible sayings source used exclusively by Matthew and Luke.
a group of Jewish books whose writers claimed to be various Old Testament personages, eg "the Book of Enoch", "the Testament of the Twelve Patriarchs". They are not included in the Canon of the Bible.
(adj. pseudepigraphical; from Greek pseudos, "deceit, untruth," and epigraphe, "writing, inscription") Intertestamental apocryphal writings purporting to be by somebody (usually a famous historical or legendary figure) who is not the author, such as Adam/Eve, Enoch, Abraham, Moses, Isaiah, Ezra, etc.; the term is sometimes used generically for deutero-canonical writings not in the Apocrypha. See Conclusion.
Ancient documents which falsely claim authorship by noteworthy individuals for the sake of credibility; for instance, the Gospel of Thomas