An effect due to heat sources within a local exhaust enclosure (stack) producing convective air currents with vertical velocities proportional to the rate of heat transferred to the surrounding air and to the height of rise of the heated air. When hot gases rise through a stack, the vertical stack exit velocity is proportional to the square root of the difference in the densities of the heated air column and that of an equal column of the surrounding ambient air.
Air, as in a chimney, that moves upward because it is warmer than the ambient atmosphere.
A condition resulting from the rise of heated air, which creates positive pressure near the top of the building and negative pressure toward the bottom. Stack effect pressures have been known to overpower mechanical ventilation systems, disrupting proper circulation and contributing to the infiltration and stagnation of pollutants.
That portion of a pressure differential resulting from difference in elevation of the points of measurement.
The flow of air that results from warm air rising, creating a positive pressure area at the top of a building and a negative pressure area at the bottom of a building. The stack effect can overpower the mechanical system and disrupt ventilation and circulation in a building.
The draft established in a building from air infiltrating low and exfiltrating high.
Pressure-driven airflow produced by convection as heated air rises, creating a positive pressure area at the top of a building and a negative pressure area at the bottom.
results from the difference in air temperature between indoor and outdoor air during the heating season. Warm air, being lighter than cold air, rises in a building, creating a suction at the base and exerting an outward pressure at the top. The higher the building, the greater the pressure difference across the walls and roof. The suction is greatest at the base, decreasing as the building rises to a neutral pressure plane somewhere between the ground floor and the roof. Above the neutral pressure plane the pressure becomes positive (active outwards) and increases with height, reaching its highest value at the roof. The quantity of air entering the building below the neutral pressure plane is equal to the quantity of air leaving the building above that level
Flow of air resulting from warm air rising, creating a positive pressure area at the top of a building and negative pressure area at the bottom. This effect can overpower the mechanical system and disrupt building ventilation and air circulation.
The overall upward movement of air inside a building that results from heated air rising and escaping through openings in the building super structure, thus causing an indoor pressure level lower than that in the soil gas beneath or surrounding the building foundation.
The occurrence where air escapes through opening in the upper part of a building and is replaced with outside air which enters through an opening lower down. In roofing, the Stack Effect helps create proper air flow for attic or roofspace ventilation. The Stack Effect will be affected by atmospheric conditions such as temperature and wind.
The difference (buoyancy) between the weight of a column at high temperature gases inside the heater and/or stack and the weight of an equivalent column of external air, usually expressed in inches of water per foot of height.
Stack effect is the movement of air into and out of buildings, chimneys, flue gas stacks, or other containers, and is driven by buoyancy. Buoyancy occurs due to a difference in indoor-to-outdoor air density resulting from temperature and moisture differences. The result is either a positive or negative buoyancy force.